- World of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen
The world of "The League of Extraordinary Gentleman" is a
fictional universecreated by Alan Moorein the comic bookseries " The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen", where all of the characters and events from literature (and possibly the entirety of fiction) coexist. The world the characters inhabit is one more technologically advanced than our own, but also home to the strange and supernatural. Beyond the comic itself, the world of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen is expanded upon by supplemental prose material, including " The New Traveller's Almanac", " Allan and the Sundered Veil", and the documents from the " Black Dossier".
The British Isles
In the "Black Dossier", the
alternate historyof the League's United Kingdom is explored in depth. As in medieval British legend, in approximately 1100 BC, Brutus of Troyfounds the kingdom of Britain (then called Brutain) with the capital at New Troy. He is accompanied by the ageless and gender swapping Orlando, who aids Brutus in subduing Brutain's population of savage giants and their chieftain, Gogmagog. In 43 AD Britain is invaded by the Roman Empireunder Claudius. In 363, the year of Merlin's birth, the Emperor Juliandeclares Britain a pagan nation. In 410 the Romans withdrew, and Uther Pendragonrose to power. Circa 450, his son Arturus became king, ruling until 468. Britain descended into barbarism and anarchy, plagued by ogres, giants, and faeries ruled by Arthur's half-sister Morgana. The faerie remained a powerful force in Britain, so much so that King Henry VIIItook the second cousin of King Oberonof the Faerie, the polydactylFaery-blooded Anne Boleyn, as his wife. From this union sprang Queen Gloriana the First, who reigned from 1558 to 1603. Under her rule, magical and otherworldly forces became more popular in Britain. Her court held such notables as Johannes Suttle, Edward Face, Sir Jack Wilton, and Sir Basildon Bond (ancestor to Campion and James Bond). Gloriana was also the patron and associate of William Shakespeare.
After her death, the puritanical magic hater King Jacob the First ascended to the throne, and proceeded to purge the faerie and other supernatural races from Britain, resulting in the faerie kingdom cutting all ties with the human world by 1616. It was also under Jacob's rule that the King Jacob Bible was compiled. Beginning in 1610,
Prospero, by order of a decree written by Gloriana before her death, began to assemble the first 'League' of extraordinary individuals to defend Britain. The group disbanded when Prospero returned to the Blazing World, but was succeeded by similar groups in the 1740s, early 19th century, 1890s, early 20th century, and a failed group in the 1950s.
In the late 1890s the United Kingdom was attacked by Martian invaders, who were defeated via
germ warfare. The nation went on to fight in World War I and against the Germany of Adenoid Hynkel in World War II. After the war, General Sir Harold Wharton, an agent implanted by rogue factions of M15 into the Labor Party, took power and turned the United Kingdom into a fascist dictatorship. Under Wharton's Ingsoc government, cameras monitored citizens' daily activities, torture of dissidents was widespread, and a reduced and simplified version of English known as Newspeakwas made the official language of the state. After Wharton's death in 1952, he was succeeded by Gerald O'Brien. O'Brien was unable to maintain power, and conceded to the Conservative Party's demands to be reinstated as an official party. Soon after he was voted out of office, and most of the Ingsoc government's programs were reversed. By 2008, Britain is engaged in a prolonged war in Q'umar.
The first chapter of the "The New Traveller's Almanac" covers Britain and Ireland, describing, in addition to sites related to British and Irish folklore such as
faeries, leprechauns, giants, The Mabinogion, and Arthurian legend, sites from both British and Irish literature such as:
* The Blazing World, a
utopiaruled over by an Empress that can be reached via the North Pole, as described by Margaret Cavendishin the prose narrative "The Description of a New World, Called the Blazing World" appended to her "Observations upon Experimental Philosophy".
* "The Streaming Kingdom", from
Jules Supervielle's " L'Enfant de la Haute Mer" (1931), inhabited by the ghosts of drowned people.
* St. Brendan's Isle, from
Charles Kingsley's " The Water-Babies".
* Victoria, the
Puritancommune from "National Evils and Practical Remedies, with a Plan of a Model Town" by James Silk Buckingham.
* Avondale, the phalanstery from "
The Child of the Phalanstery" by Grant Allen, that systematically murders crippled and deformed children at birth.
* Commutaria, the idyllic shire founded by
Merlin, from Elspeth Ann Macey's "Awayday" (1955).
Abaton, a mythical Scottish phantom town that can only be glimpsed, from the work of Sir Thomas Bulfinch.
Thomas Love Peacock's Crotchet Castle
* Yalding Towers, from
E. Nesbit's "The Enchanted Tower", which contains dinosaurstatures that magically come to life.
* Ravenal's Tower, where the remains of Richard Ravenal from E. Nesbit's "
The Wouldbegoods" reside.
* The White House, the residence of the Psammead from "
Five Children and It".
* The Wish House from
Rudyard Kipling's "The Wish House" (1926).
Cold Comfort Farmfrom the eponymous Stella Gibbonsnovel.
* The mythical
Ysbaddaden Pencawr, a castle that gets further away the closer you get to it.
* Exham Priory, from Lovecraft's "
The Rats in the Walls" (in the book, the mansion is infested by demonic rats and leads down into an ancient cavern).
Llareggubfrom Dylan Thomas' " Under Milk Wood".
*The floating island from "The Floating Island" by Richard Head (under the pseudonym "Frank Careless") (1673), inhabited by
*Camford, the setting of "
The Adventure of the Creeping Man", where Professor Presbury invents a serum for turning men into apes.
*A description of how the works of
Lewis Carrolltie into the world: In 1861, Alice (referred to in the almanac as "Miss A.L.", a reference to Alice Liddellusing the convention of withholding the names of children) disappears into a portal to a parallel universe ( Wonderland) by the shores of River Thames, and washes up soaking wet several months later, after her disappearance created a media panic. Although she had been gone for months, only an afternoon had passed in Wonderland. She recounted how she'd fallen down a puzzling "hole" that she'd found in the riverbank, only to find herself in a disorienting realm where many laws of physics, even laws of logic, were entirely different from those of our world.
:She gets sucked into the world again 10 years later while visiting
Oxford, via a looking-glass, but returns with her body inverted so that features on her left side are now on her right side and vice-versa. She has " situs inversus", but does not die from it. She dies from malnutrition, because her amino acids and proteins are now isomers. A being made of isomer proteins is 'incompatible' with Earth's biosphere, which exhibits a preferential handedness. An expedition to explore the original riverbank hole was then organized by a "Dr. Bellman", accompanied by a lawyer, a banker, a butcher, a shoemaker, a bonnet-maker, a billiard-maker, and a woman named "Miss Beever" (a reference to the cast of " The Hunting of the Snark"). They too disappeared, and reappeared again months later, except the baker (who vanishes in "The Hunting of the Snark"); their adventure log is nothing but nonsensical poetry (a reference to "Phantasmagoria" and other poems by Carroll, including "The Hunting of the Snark"). The banker suffers the same fate as Alice, as he is found with his clothes inverted in color (a reference to the line in the poem "While so great was his fright that his waistcoat turned white."). All of the survivors are institutionalized, and years later, Mina Murray visits the only living survivor, Dr. Bellman, who gives her a blank piece of paper that's supposedly a map to Snark Island (the same map which Bellman used to navigate the sea to Snark Island).
* Winton Pond, from
Graham Greene's "Under the Garden" (1963), which contains references to both Alice books, is subsequently mentioned in passing.
* Nightmare Abbey, from Thomas Love Peacock's novel of the same name.
Alderley Edge, as described in Alan Garner's " The Weirdstone of Brisingamen".
* Diana's Grove from
Bram Stoker's " The Lair of the White Worm".
* The world of the
Vril, from a novel by Edward Bulwer-Lytton. They are enigmatically connected to C.S. Lewis's Narnia. The word for "sin" and "evil" in their language is "Nania" [sic] , (an invention of Moore, not Lytton) and the reader is directed to a (fictional) document referring to a British project to grow an apple tree. ( Appletrees are a common motif in " The Chronicles of Narnia").
* The underground Coal City from
Jules Verne's " The Black Indies".
* The underground "Roman State" from Joseph O'Neill's "
Land Under England".
* Airfowlness, the meeting-place of the crows from "The Water Babies".
* Coradine, from
W.H. Hudson's "A Crystal Age", where Mina Murray moves to at the end of Volume Two. (Moore ignores the fact that "A Crystal Age" takes place in the future. Although, in the world of the League, it's entirely possible that the "future" of the novel could be the "past" as we see it, much like the way Moore treated Orwell's "1984".)
* The Glittering Plain, from
William Morris' "The Story of the Glittering Plain", a valley that grants enterers immortality, but making them unable to leave the valley.
* The Isle of Ransom
Greyfriars Schoolfrom the " Billy Bunter" stories.
* Many of the sites mentioned in Arthurian lore are mentioned in the "Almanac", with the legends treated as factual, historical events.
* A boarding house run by the mother of
* Numerous locations and areas from from "
Crock of Gold", by James Stephens, such as the leprechaun realm of Gort Na Cloca Mora.
* The setting of
Oscar Wilde's " The Selfish Giant".
* Leixlip Castle, from
Charles Robert Maturin's novel of the same name, haunted by faeries.
Dublin, the streets of which are haunted by the ghost of Molly Malone, and where a red-tiled house was haunted by a disembodied hand, as described in Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's " The House by the Churchyard" (most sources incorrectly give the title as "The Siege of the Red House").
* The house of Mr. Mathers that is a portal to a hellish parallel-Ireland, from "
The Third Policeman".
* The setting of "
The House on the Borderland", by William Hope Hodgson, which is also a portal to a demonic world.
The second chapter of the Almanac covers
* The state of Meccania, from "Meccania, the Super-State", by Gregory Owen
Islands off the coast of Iberia:
* The former-kingdom of
* The Capa Blanca Isles of "
The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle", by Hugh Lofting.
* The island of
* Nut Island from
Lucian of Samosata's "True History" (where the native fishermen make boats out of gigantic nut-shells).
* Coromandel, from
Edward Lear's "The Courtship of Yonghy-Bonghy-Bò" (1877) Note: This not a reference to the real Coromandel, the south-eastern coastal region of India, but a reference to the fictional Coromandel from Lear's famous nonsense poem.
* Lanternland, a mythical island mentioned in
François Rabelais' " Gargantua and Pantagruel".
* The island of the
Ogygia, from " Homer's Odyssey".
* The surreal island of "Her", from
Alfred Jarry's " Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, pataphysician".
* The Imaginary Isle from "
La Relation de l'Isle imaginaire" (1659) by Anne Marie Louise de Montpensier.
* The island of the
Cyclopses, from "Homer's Odyssey".
* The Great Garabagne,
Henri Michaux's "Voyage to Grand Garabagne" (1936) an island where the visitor's despairs come true.
Aiolio, home of Aiolos Hippotade, the god of wind, in "Homer's Odyssey".
Monte de las Ánimas, a former-stronghold of the Knights Templar, mentioned by Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer.
* Anostus, from
Claudius Aelianus' "Varia Historia", with two rivers called "Pleasure" and "Grief". Beside these two streams grow fruit, the fruit of the former causes a lifetime of joy, and the fruit of the latter causes a lifetime of sorrow.
pain and Portugal
Max Frisch's Andorra
* Montesino's Cave, in
La Mancha, where Prospero befriended Don Quixote, containing the tomb of Durandarte, Spanish folk hero.
Barataria, the "island" where Sancho Panzawas governor for a short time.
* Exopotomania, from
Boris Vian's " L'Automne à Pékin" (1956).
* Andrographia, from
Nicolas-Edme Rétif's "Andrographe ou idées d'un honnête homme sur un projet de réglement proposé à toutes les nations de l'Europe pour opérer une réforme générale des moeurs, et par elle, le bonheur du genre humain avec des notes historiques et justificatives" (1782).
* The wizard Atlante's demonic castle, from "
* The setting of
Jorge Luis Borges' "La Muerte y la brújula" (1956).
* Auspasia, the most talkative land in the world, from
Georges Duhamel's " Lettres d'Auspasie".
* Bengodi, from "
The Decameron", which has a mountain of Parmesan cheese, and heliotropes that bestow invisibility (which, in the "League" world, Hawley Griffin used to create an invisibility serum).
* The libertine Trypheme, from
Pierre Louys' "Les Aventures du roi Pausole" (1901).
Islands off the coast of France
* Papafiguiera, from
Béroalde de Verville's "Le Moyen de parvenir. Oeuvre contenant la raison de tout ce qui a esté, est, et sera, avec démonstrations certaines et nécessaires selon la rencontre des effets de vertu", (1610) inhabited by extremely obese people.
* Ptyx, Laceland, Amorphous Island, Fragrant Island and Bran Isle, from Alfred Jarry's "
Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, pataphysician". The mottoes of Fragrant Island come from two works of Paul Gauguin, " Soyez mystérieuses" and " Soyez amoureuses, vous serez heureuses".
* Clerkship Island, Ruach the Windy Island, the
Fortunate Islands, (including the Isle of Butterflies, inhabited by monstrous butterflies) Pastemolle the pie island, and Breadlessday Island, from Rabelais' "Gargantua and Pantagruel".
* Leaveheavenalone, from the Kingsley's "Water Babies".
* Cyril Island, a mobile volcano in Alfred Jarry's "
Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, pataphysician", inhabited by Captain Kidd.
* Thermometer Island, from "
Les bijoux indiscrets", by Denis Diderot, in which the inhabitants have enchanted genitalia.
* Flora, which was "murderously beset by
witches", from Ferdinand Raimund's "Die gefesselte Phantasie" (1837).
* Lubec, from
Béroalde de Verville's "Le Moyen de parvenir", where the inhabitants have removable genitals. Moore explains that it was founded by inhabitants of Thermometer Island. (There are no connections between the two works in reality).
* The haunted castle of Trinquelage, from
Alphonse Daudet's " Lettres de mon moulin" (1866).
* The Nameless Castle from
Denis Diderot's " Jacques le fataliste et son maître" (1796).
* The Kingdom of Poictesme, from
James Branch Cabell's " Jurgen, A Comedy of Justice", (1919).
Averoigne, from a series of short stories by Clark Ashton Smith.
* The subterranean Grande Euscarie, inhabited by intelligent
woolly mammoths from Luc Alberny's "Le Mammouth Bleu".
* The underground kingdoms of the
Fattypuffs and Thinifers, the creation of André Maurois.
* Baron Hugh's Castle, the setting of the film "
Les Visiteurs du soir".
* Calejava, the republic from
Claude Gilbert's "Histoire de Calejava ou de l'Ilse des Hommes Raisonnables, avec le Paralelle de leur Morale et du Christianisme" (1700).
* The sunken cities beneath the
Bay of Biscay: Belesbat, from Claire Kenin's " La Mer mystérieuse"; Disappeared, from Victor Hugo's La Ville disparue""; and Atlanteja, from Luigi Motta's " Il tunnel sottomarino".
* Islands off
Brittanyinclude Le Douar, from J.-H. Rosny jeune's " L'Enigme du "Redoutable""; the Isle of Boredom, from Marie Anne de Roumier Robert's " Les Ondins"; Magic Maiden's Rock, from " Amadis of Gaul"; Realism Island, from G. K. Chesterton's ""; and Cork, from Lucian of Samosata's "True History" (which is made of cork, as are the feet of the natives).
* Alca, from
Daniel Defoe's " The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe" and Anatole France's "Penguin Island".
* The former island of Asbefore, from
Jacques Prévert's " Lettre des îles Baladar".
Brocéliandeforest and Benoic
* The former Hurlubierean Empire, from
Charles Nodier's " Hurlubleu, Grand Manifafa d'Hurlubiere".
* Morphopolis, from
Maurice Barrère's " La Cité du sommeil".
Abbey of Thélème, from " Gargantua and Pantagruel" (the story of how Gargantua named Paris is also recounted).
*Parisian sewers contain "
Jean Valjean" graffiti.
*Locus Solus, from
Raymond Roussel's " Locus Solus".
Jules Verne's "Une Fantaisie du Docteur Ox".
*Expiation City, from
Pierre-Simon Ballanche's "La Ville des Expiations".
*Aquilonia, a fictional country in the
Hyboria, the land where Conan is situated from the works of Robert E. Howard. Belgium
* Harmonia, from
Charles Fourier's "Théorie des Quatre Mouvements" and Georges Delbruck's "Au pays de l'harmonie".
* Xiros, from
Jorge Luis Borges' " The Zahir".
* Devil's Island, Bandaguido, and Bandaguida, from "
Amadis of Gaul".
* Ptolemais, from
Edgar Allan Poe's "".
* Cloudcuckooland, from
Aristophanes' "The Birds".
* Islands from
Greek mythology, including Aiaia, Scylla, Charybdis, the Wandering Rocks, and SirenIsland.
* Pyrallis, from
Pliny the Elder's " Inventorum Natura".
Troy(or Ilium), as depicted in the works of Homer; a savage war between the half-divine race of Heroes raged here for ten years, circa 1184 BC.
* The Castle of Otranto, from
Horace Walpole's " The Castle of Otranto".
* Portiuncula, from
Stefan Andres' "Die Reise nach Portiuncula".
* Meloria Canal, from
Emilio Salgari's "I naviganti della Meloria".
* Ersilia, from
Italo Calvino's " Invisible Cities".
* Torelore, from "
Aucassin and Nicolette".
* The ruins of the Abbey of the Rose, from
Umberto Eco's " The Name of the Rose".
* The Castle of Udolpho, from
Ann Radcliffe's " The Mysteries of Udolpho".
* Goldenthal, from
Heinrich Zschokke's "Das Goldmacherdorf".
* The realm of King Astralgus, from
Ferdinand Raimund's "Der Alpenkönig und der Menschenfeind".
* The Balbrigian and Bouloulabassian United Republic, from
Max Jacob's "Histoire du roi Kaboul Ier et du marmiton Gauwain".
* The Duchy of
* The Grand Duchy, from "Der goldene Topf" and other stories by
* Weng, from
Thomas Bernhard's "Frost".
* Runenberg, from
Ludwig Tieck's "Der Runenberg".
* Horselberg, also known as Venusberg, from the legend of
* Nexdorea, from
Tom Hood's "Petsetilla's Posy".
* The Palace of Prince Prospero, from
Edgar Allan Poe's " The Masque of the Red Death".
* Silling Castle, from the
Marquis de Sade's " 120 Days of Sodom".
Cockaigne, from medieval legend.
Mummelseeand Centrum Terrae, from Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen's " Der abenteuerliche SimplicissimusTeutsch".
* The wardrobe leading to the Kingdom of the Dolls, from
E.T.A. Hoffmann's "The Nutcracker and the Mouse King".
* Violet-eyed prince Titus Groan, from
Mervyn Peake's " Gormenghast" trilogy.
* Auenthal and Maria Wuz, from
Johann Paul Friedrich Richter's "Leben des vergnügten Schulmeisterlein Maria Wuz in Auenthal" (Maria Wuz is said to have influenced Pierre Menard).
* The Falun Fault, from
E.T.A. Hoffmann's "Die Bergwerke zu Falun".
* The realm of the Regentrude, from
Theodor Storm's "Die Regentrude".
* Sainte Beregonne, from
Jean Ray's "La Ruelle ténébreuse".
* Auersperg Castle, from
Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam's "Axël".
* The Berlin
Metropolis, from the film by Fritz Lang.
* Adenoid Hynkle, from "
The Great Dictator". The Netherlands
* Vondervotteimittis, from
Edgar Allan Poe's "The Devil in the Belfry".
* The island of Laiquihire, from "Voyage Curieux d'un Philadelphe dans des Pays nouvellement Découverts".
* Devil's Teeth, from
Paul Alperine's "La Citadelle des Glaces".
Estotilandand Drogio, from the Zeno map.
Heklaas described in Tommaso Porcacchi's "Le isole piu' famose del mondo".
Snæfellsjökull, from Jules Verne's " Journey to the Center of the Earth".
* Daland's Village, the only port where "
The Flying Dutchman" is allowed to land.
* Nazar, from
Ludvig Holberg's " Niels Klim's Underground Travels".
* The Dovre Fjell mountains, from
Henrik Ibsen's " Peer Gynt".
* Capillaria, from
Frigyes Karinthy's "Capillaria".
* The Snow Queen's Castle, from
Hans Christian Andersen's " The Snow Queen".
* Moominvalley, from
Tove Jansson's " Moomin" books.
Cimmeria, from Robert E. Howard's " Conan" stories.
* Klopstokia, from "
Million Dollar Legs".
* Ubu's kingdom, from Alfred Jarry's "Ubu" plays.
* Klepsydra Sanatorium, from
Bruno Schulz's " Sanatorium Under the Sign of the Hourglass".
* The City of the Happy Prince, from
Oscar Wilde's "The Happy Prince".
Ruritania, from Anthony Hope's " The Prisoner of Zenda".
* Lutha, from
Edgar Rice Burroughs' "The Mad King".
* The Castle, from
Franz Kafka's "The Castle".
* The penal colony from
Franz Kafka's " In the Penal Colony".
* Wolf's Glen, from the opera "
* Sylvania and Freedonia, from "
* Castle Karpathenburg, from
Jules Verne's " The Castle of the Carpathians" (1892).
* The City of Dreadful Night, from James Thomson's "
City of Dreadful Night".
* Selene, the city of vampires from Paul Féval's "La Ville-Vampire".
* Evarchia, from
Brigid Brophy's "Palace Without Chairs".
Leuke, as described in Greek mythology.
The third chapter of the Almanac covers the
Off the coast of South America
* The undersea realm of Pepperland, from the movie "Yellow Submarine".
* The Riallaro Archipelago, from
John Macmillan Brown's "Riallaro, the Archipelago of Exiles" and "Limanora, the Island of Progress".
* Juan Fernandez, and Frivola, from the Abbé
Gabriel François Coyer's "La découverte de l'isle frivole" (" A Discovery of the Island Frivola").
* Meipe, from
André Maurois' "Meïpe ou La Délivrance".
* Mount Analogue, from
René Daumal's " Mount Analogue".
* Coral Island, from
R.M. Ballantyne's " The Coral Island".
* Rose, from
Mervyn Peake's "Captain Slaughterboard Drops Anchor".
* Orofena, from
H. Rider Haggard's " When the World Shook".
* Maïna, from
André Maurois' "Voyage au Pays de Articoles".
* Cook's Island, from
E. Nesbit's " The Phoenix and the Carpet".
* The Mardi Archipelago, from
Herman Melville's " Mardiand a Voyage Thither".
Bali Hai, from Rodgers and Hammerstein's "South Pacific".
* Zara's Kingdom, from
Gilbert and Sullivan's " Utopia, Limited".
* Marsh's Island, from
H. P. Lovecraft's " The Shadow Over Innsmouth".
* Noble's Island, from
H.G. Wells' " The Island of Dr. Moreau".
* Rampole Island, from
H.G. Wells' "Mr. Blettsworthy on Rampole Island".
* Villings, from
Adolfo Bioy Casares' " The Invention of Morel".
* the land of the Houyhnhnms, from
Jonathan Swift's " Gulliver's Travels".
* Oceana, from
James Harrington's "The Commonwealth of Oceana".
* Utopia, from
Sir Thomas More's "Utopia".
* Spidermonkey Island, from
Hugh Lofting's " The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle".
* Ferdinand's Island, from
Johann Michael Fleischer's " Der Nordische Robinson".
* Speranza, from
Daniel Defoe's " Robinson Crusoe".
* Herland, from
Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "Herland".
* Tacarigua, from
Ronald Firbank's " Prancing Nigger".
Zaroff's Island, from Richard Connell's " The Most Dangerous Game".
* Cacklogallinia, from
Samuel Brunt's " A Voyage to Cacklogallinia".
In South America
* Leonard's Land, from
Jean-Gaspard Dubois-Fontanelle's "Aventures Philosophiques".
* Babel, from
Jorge Luis Borges' " The Library of Babel".
* The Palace of Justice, from
Marco Denevi's "¿El primer cuento de Kafka?".
* Madragal, from
Carlo Emilio Gadda's "La cognizione del dolore".
* Cesares Republic, from
James Burgh's "Cessares".
* Agzceaziguls, from
Charles Derennes' "Les Conquérants d'idoles".
* Pink Palace, from
Marco Denevi's "La niña rosa".
* Lost Time, from
Gabriel García Márquez's "The Sea of Lost Time".
* Roncador, from
Herbert Read's "The Green Child".
El Doradois mentioned, as well as an expedition led by Auric Goldfingerto uncover it.
* The Country of the Blind, from
H.G. Wells' " The Country of the Blind".
* Golden Lake, from
Daniel Defoe's "A New Voyage Round the World".
Macondo, from Gabriel García Márquez's " One Hundred Years of Solitude".
* Ewaipanoma, from
Sir Walter Raleigh's "The Discovery of Guiana".
* Nolandia and Happiland, from
Thomas More's " Utopia".
* Aglaura, from
Italo Calvino's " Invisible Cities".
* Watkinsland, from
Doris Lessing's "Briefing for a Descent into Hell".
* Quivera, from
Vaughan Wilkins' "The City of Frozen Fire", or from the Spanish legend of Quivira.
* Maple White Land, from
Arthur Conan Doyle's "The Lost World".
* The Black Lagoon, from "
Creature from the Black Lagoon".
Off the coast of North America
* The Island of Birds, from
Michel Tremblay's "Contes pour buveurs attardés".
* Waferdanos, from "Voyage Curieux d'un Philadelphe dans des Pays nouvellement Découverts".
Buyan, from Russian folklore.
* Caseosa, Cabbalussa, and Dream Island, all from
Lucian of Samosata's "True History".
* Idol Island and Winkfield Island, from
Unca Eliza Winkfield's " The Female American".
* Militia, populated by
* The Island of Moving Trees, from
Miguel de Cervantes' "The Trials of Persiles and Sigismunda".
* Ursina and Vulpina, from "The Floating Island".
* The Island of Fortune, the Island of Chance, and Philosophy Isle, from Abbé Balthazard's "L'Isle Des Philosophes Et Plusieurs Autres".
* The Island of the Palace of Joy, from "
* Rossum's Island, from
Karel Čapek's " R.U.R.".
* Treasure Island, from
Robert Louis Stevenson's " Treasure Island".
* Captain Sparrow's Island, from
S. Fowler Wright's "The Island of Captain Sparrow".
* Orphan Island, from
Rose Macauley's "Orphan Island".
In North America
* Rootabaga Country, from
Carl Sandburg's " Rootabaga Stories"
* Chisholm Prison, from "
The Problem of Cell 13", Jacques Futrelle's first "Professor Van Dusen" story.
* Mahagonny, from
Bertolt Brecht's " Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny".
* Cricket Creek, from
Evelyn Sibley Lampman's "The Shy Stegosaurus of Cricket Creek".
* iDEATH, from
Richard Brautigan's " In Watermelon Sugar".
Yoknapatawpha County, from the works of William Faulkner.
* Drexara, from
Antoine François Prévost's "Le Philosophe Anglois".
Dogpatch, from the comic strip " Li'l Abner".
* The Nature Theatre of Oklahoma, from
Franz Kafka's "Amerika" (and, implicitly, " Oklahoma!").
* Lake La Metrie, from
Wardon Curtis' "The Monster of Lake La Metrie".
* Rampart Junction, from
Ray Bradbury's "The Town Where No One Got Off".
* Gone-Away Lake, from
Elizabeth Enright's "Gone-Away Lake".
* Centerboro, from
Walter R. Brooks' " Freddy the Pig" books.
* Sleepy Hollow, from
Washington Irving's " The Legend of Sleepy Hollow".
Connecticutfrom Ira Levin's " The Stepford Wives".
Arkham, Massachusetts(and, specifically the Witch House and Miskatonic Universitylocated there) from the writings of H. P. Lovecraft.
Innsmouth, Massachusettsfrom the writings of H. P. Lovecraft.
* Springfield, the town where Moore says the
Cat in the Hatappeared. ("The Gazeteer" places the town in Massachusetts, which has an actual town named Springfield.)
* Jerusalem's Lot, from
Stephen King's " 'Salem's Lot".
* Eastwick, from
John Updike's " The Witches of Eastwick".
* Whiton House, from
Edward Eager's "The Time Garden".
* Hill House, from
Shirley Jackson's " The Haunting of Hill House".
* The lost party from the
Jamestown Colonyfrom Mark Z. Danielewski's " House of Leaves".
* Bayport, from "
The Hardy Boys".
* The Mexican villa of Don Diego de la Vega, better known as
* In a passage about Los Angeles, an ancestor of The Dude from
Joel and Ethan Coen's film " The Big Lebowski" is mentioned.
Palenville, New Yorkfrom Washington Irving's " Rip van Winkle".
Mayberry, North Carolinafrom " The Andy Griffith Show" and " Mayberry R.F.D.".
Riverdale, the location of the Archie comics.
Gotham City, home of Batman.
Africa and the
The fourth chapter of the Almanac covers Africa and the
* The jungle cabin of the Greystoke family, from
Edgar Rice Burroughs' " Tarzan of the Apes".
* Mongaza Island, from "
Amadis of Gaul".
* Mogador, from
Alberto Ruy-Sánchez's "Los nombres del aire".
* The Harmattan Rocks and No-Man's-Land, from
Hugh Lofting's "Doctor Dolittle's Post Office".
* Nacumera, from "The Travels of
* Wild Island, from
Ruth Stiles Gannett's "My Father's Dragon".
* Bustrol, from
Simon Tyssot de Patot's "Voyage et Avantures de Jaques Massé".
* Aepyornis, from
H.G. Wells' " AepyornisIsland".
Skull Island, from " King Kong".
* Hewit's Island, from
Charles Dibdin's "Hannah Hewit".
* the island from
William Golding's " Lord of the Flies".
* The Azanian Empire, from
Evelyn Waugh's " Black Mischief".
* Ardistan and Djinnistan, from
Karl May's "Ardistan" and "Der Mir von Djinnistan".
* Samarah and Alkoremi, from
William Beckford's " Vathek".
* Farghestan and Orsenna, from
Julien Gracq's "Le Rivage des Syrtes".
* Garamanti Country, from
Antonio de Guevara's " Reloj de príncipes".
* Jannati Shah, from
George Allan England's "The Flying Legion".
* The Kingdom of the Amphicleocles, from
Charles de Fieux Mouhy's "Lamekis, ou les voyages extraordinaires d'un Egyptien dans la terre intérieure, avec la découverte de l'Isle des Silphides, enrichi des notes curieuses".
* Silence, from
Edgar Allan Poe's "Silence: A Fable".
* Ishmaelia, from Evelyn Waugh's "Scoop".
* Freeland, from
Theodor Hertzka's "Freiland".
* Bong Tree Land, from
Edward Lear's " The Owl and the Pussycat".
* Butua, from
Marquis de Sade's " Aline and Valcour".
* Interzone, from
William S. Burroughs' " Naked Lunch".
* Crotalophoboi Land, from
Norman Douglas' "South Wind".
Ouidah, as described by Bruce Chatwinin " The Viceroy of Ouidah".
* Deads' Town and Unreturnable-Heaven, from
Amos Tutuola's "The Palm-Wine Drunkard and His Dead Palm-Wine Tapster in the Deads' Town".
* The kingdom of
Babar the Elephant.
* The camp set up by Kurtz from
Joseph Conrad's " Heart of Darkness".
Qumarfrom " The West Wing"
Land of Punt
* Kor, from the "Allan Quatermain" and "Ayesha" novels of H. Rider Haggard, "in what is now Uganda." Home to the Flame of Immortality.
* The City of the Immortals from
Jorge Luis Borges’ "El Inmortal".
Asia and the Australias
The fifth chapter of the Almanac covers Asia and the Australias.
Antangil, from "Histoire du grand et admirable royaume d'Antangil Inconnu jusques à présent à tous Historiens et Cosmographes".
* Terre Australe, from
Gabriel de Foigny's " La Terre Australe Connue".
* The ruins of Standard Island, from
Jules Verne's " L'Ile à hélice".
* The Jumelles, from
de Catalde's " Le paysan gentilhomme, ou Aventures de M. Ransau avec son voyage aux Isles jumelles".
* Caspak, from
Edgar Rice Burroughs' "The Land That Time Forgot" and its sequels.
* Farandoulie, from
Albert Robida's " Voyages Très Extraordinaires de Saturnin Farandoul".
* Erewhon, from
Samuel Butler's " Erewhon".
* Altruria, from
William Dean Howells' " A Traveler from Altruria".
* Flotsam, from
Edgar Rice Burroughs' " The Cave Girl".
* Sporoumbia and Sevarambia, from
Denis Veiras's "Histoire de Sévarambes".
* Pala and Rendang, from
Aldous Huxley's "Island".
* Cuffycoat's Island, from
André Lichtenberger's "Pickles ou récits à la mode anglaise".
* Manoba, from
Paul Scott's " The Birds of Paradise".
* Bensalem, from
Francis Bacon's " The New Atlantis".
* New Switzerland, from
Johann David Wyss' " The Swiss Family Robinson".
* Yoka Island, from
Edgar Rice Burroughs' " The Mucker".
* Green Sand Island, Black Sand Island, and Red Sand Island, from
Tancrède Vallerey's " L'Ile au sable vert".
* Formosa, as described by
* Mask Island, from Charles de Fieux Mouhy's "Les Masque de Fer".
* Feather Island, from Fanny de Beauharnais's "Rélation très véritable d'une isle nouvellement découverte".
* The Sacred Valley, from
Maurice Champagne's " La Vallée mystérieuse".
* Titipu, from
Gilbert and Sullivan's " The Mikado".
* Pnom Dhek and Lodidhapura, from
Edgar Rice Burroughs' " The Jungle Girl".
* Mount Tsintsin-Dagh, from
Paul Alperine's " Ombres sur le Thibet".
Karakaland Shangri-La, from James Hilton's " Lost Horizon".
* Mount K’un Lun, home to the goddess Hsi Wang Mu, the Royal Mother of the West.
* Pauk, from
Fyodor Dostoyevsky's "The Possessed".
* Gondour, from
Mark Twain's " The Curious Republic of Gondour".
Xanadu, from Samuel Taylor Coleridge's " Kubla Khan".
R'lyeh, "some distance from the coastline of New Zealand", from the works of H.P. Lovecraft. Polar Regions
The sixth chapter of the Almanac covers the
Islands and seas off the coast of Antarctica
* Megapatagonia, archipelago in the South
Pacific Oceanstretching south from Tierra del Fuego, similar to the Blazing World archipelago north of Britain, inhabited by animal men and an inverse of French society. The capital city is "Sirap". From "La Découverte australe par un homme-volant" by Nicolas Edme Restif de la Bretonne.
* Pyrandia island, in the South Pacific Ocean southwest of the Megapatagonia islands, west of the
Antarctic peninsula, home to fire men, from "Supplément de l'Histoire véritable de Lucien" by Jean Jacobé de Frémont d'Ablancourt.
* The Academic Sea, somewhere between McMurdo Sound and the Ross Sea, containing the city of Christianopolis on the island of Caphar Salama, from "Reipublicae Christianapolitinae Descriptio" (or "
Description of the Republic of Christianopolis") by Johannes Valentinus Andreae.
* The Leap Islands, which in LoEG also are a part of the Academic Sea, containing Aggregation Harbour on the Isle of Leaphigh, inhabited by enlightened monkey-men, from "The Monikins" by
James Fennimore Cooper.
* Tsalal island, in the
Indian Ocean, off the coast of Enderby Land, from " The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket" by Edgar Allan Poe.
Antarctic France, on the Victoria LandPeninsula, from " L'Aventurier Français" by Robert-Martin Lesuire.
* Empire of Alsondons, a subterranean land beneath
Mac Robertson Land, from "L'Aventurier Français" by Robert-Martin Lesuire.
* The Antarctic entrance to Pluto, a subterranean land, from "Voyage au centre de la terre" (or "
Journey to the Center of the Earth") by Jules Verne.
* Iron Mountains, probably in
Queen Maud Land, from "Journey to the Centre of the Earth" by Jules Verne.
* Present Land from "
The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket" Edgar Allan Poe (in LoEG Present Land is surrounded by the Iron Mountains).
* The Mountains of Madness and the City of the Old Ones, from "
At the Mountains of Madness" by H. P. Lovecraft(in LoEG the Mountains of Madness are part of the Iron Mountains).
* Kosekin Country, subterranean land beneath either
Queen Maud Landor Palmer Land, from " A Strange Manuscript Found in a Copper Cylinder" by James De Mille.
* Plutonia from "Plutonia" by
* The Arctic entrance to Pluto, a subterranean land, from "Voyage au centre de la terre" (or "Journey to the Center of the Earth") by Jules Verne.
Islands and other locations in the
* Elisee Reclus Island, Cristallopolis (French Colony), Maurel City (American Colony), from "Une Ville de Verre" by Alphonse Brown.
* Vichenbolk Land, island kingdom discovered by
Lemuel Gulliver, from "Pickles ou récits à la mode anglaise" by André Lichtenberger.
* North Pole Kingdom, a land populated by civilized dinosaurs living under the polar ice cap, from "Le Peuple du Pôle" by Carles Derennes.
* Polar Bear Kingdom, inhabited by intelligent polar bears who also advertise
Coca-Cola, from "20,000 Lieues Sous Les Glaces" (or "20,000 Leagues Under the Ice") by Mór Jókaiand a parody of the 1993 "Polar Bears" Coca-Cola advertising campaign by Creative Artists Agency.
* Mountain-Door to Mandai Country, subterranean land, from "Iran" by Hirmiz bar Anhar.
* Gaster Island from "The Fourth Book of the Deeds and Sayings of the Good Pantagruel" by
* The Sea of Frozen Words from "The Fourth Book of the Deeds and Sayings of the Good Pantagruel" by François Rabelais.
* Queen Island from "Les Aventures du capitaine Hatteras", or ("
The Adventures of Captain Hatteras") by Jules Verne.
* The Island of
Thule, from The "Bibliotheca historia" ("Library of History") by Diodorus Siculus, "Geographika" ("Geography") by Strabo, and "The Gothic War" by Procopius(or possibly Thule from Robert E. Howard's "Kull" stories).
Hyperboreafrom "Inventorum Natura" ("Natural History") by Pliny the Elder.
* The Back of the North Wind, a warm region of the Arctic, from "
At the Back of the North Wind" by George MacDonald.
* Toyland, from "Little
NoddyGoes to Toyland" by Enid Blyton, ruled over by Olimpia (from " Der Sandmann", from the book "Nachtstücke" or "Night-Pieces" by E.T.A. Hoffmann) and the Creature (from Mary Shelley's " Frankenstein".
* The Arctic counterpart to the Iron Mountains, with an entrance to the subterranean land of either Pluto, Pellucidar (from "At the Earth's Core" by
Edgar Rice Burroughs), Atavatabar (from "The Goddess of Atavatabar" by William R. Bradshaw, or Ruffal (from "La vie, les avanture, and le voyage de Groenland du Révérend Père Cordelier Pierre de Mesange" by Simon Tyssot de Patot).
* The Real North Pole, from "The Purple Cloud" by
M. P. Shiel.
* Peacepool, from "
The Water-Babies, A Fairy Tale for a Land Baby" by Charles Kingsley.
*The home of
Santa Claus, described as a shamanclad in reindeerhide whose spirit guides ("little helpers") encourage him to spread joy around the world on the winter solstice. He has also been visited by the Coca-Cola representatives.
Beyond the world
* Varnal, the Green City on
Mars, from "Kane of Old Mars", by Michael Moorcock.
Dreamlands, from " The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath" by H. P. Lovecraft.
Yuggoth, a trans-material dimension, from " The Whisperer in Darkness" by H. P. Lovecraft.
Barsoom, the fictional version of Mars from the series by Edgar Rice Burroughs, home of John Carter.
* The Faerie homeland, a half-realm or "fractional dimension" that is home to the Faerie.
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen timeline
Jess Nevins's [http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olympus/7160/annos.html annotations] on each of the issues of the series.
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