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Infobox UK place
country = England
population = 6,624 (2001)
region= West Midlands
postcode_district = B80
Studley is a large
villageand civil parishin the Stratford-on-Avon district of Warwickshire, England.
Studley is on the western edge of Warwickshire near the border with
Worcestershireand is 8 km (5 miles) south-east of Redditchand 21 km (13 miles) north-west of Stratford. The Roman roadof Ryknild Street, now the A435 road, passes through the village on its eastern edge, parallel to the River Arrow.
Studley is sometimes claimed to be the
largest village in England, however this is incorrect as it is not even the largest village in Warwickshire. Both Polesworthand Bulkingtonare larger. The United Kingdom Census 2001reported Studley's populationas being 6,624.
The village is old to enough have been recorded as existing in the
Domesday Bookof 1086. It is the site of both a castleand the remains of a medieval priory. The Augustinianpriory was founded in the 12th century but was closed at the Dissolution of the Monasteriesunder Henry VIII of Englandand was used as a source of stone for other local buildings, nothing remaining today apart from the use of priory in a few local building names such as Priory Farm etc.
Studley is also known for being the site of a
sewing needleand surgical needlemaking industry. This specialisation started when Elizabeth Ipermitted a number of Huguenotrefugees to settle here, bringing this rare craft with them. Their expertise enabled English needle manufacture to catch up with French methods and Studley was a leading area in this advance, gaining a European and even worldwide reputation. From the 19th century precision made surgical needles were in demand and with advances in manufacturing technology such was the demand that over 3,000 workers were employed. In 1977 the old factory where needles were made was burnt down, and the production of "Aero" needles moved to a nearby site. The original factory site now contains a supermarket, other retail outlets, and housing. One of the streets in the village is named "Crooks Lane", ostensibly because the crooked needles from the original factory were dumped at the end of this lane, but the road was there before the village had a needle factory.
Studley is often noted as having many
pubs (17 within one square mile, plus numerous restaurants which also serve alcohol) and it has been suggested that the village has the second-highest number of pubs per head of population (second only to Blackpool).
The original village was along the banks of the River Arrow, where the
parish churchof the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary still remains; it features a north wall and window dating back to Norman times, fine surviving examples of opus spicatumor herringbonemasonry, a medieval rood screen, Elizabethan eratable and dug out chest, Jacobean erapulpit and brasses and other points of interest. Over the years the village expanded and moved up the hill to the site of the Roman road which by 1721 was also the main turnpike roadbetween Stratford and Birminghamand therefore offering more opportunities for trade from the Mail coachand other passing trade.
Studley has four schools: Studley Community Infants School (formerly Studley County Infants School), Saint Mary's
Roman CatholicSchool, Saint Mary's Church of EnglandSchool and Studley High School. Studley High School has recently gained specialist status in Humanitiesand Music.
Andy Smith (darts player)currently ranked 22nd in the Professional Darts CorporationOrder of Merit counts Studley as his home town.
* [http://www.studleyparishcouncil.org.uk Studley Parish Council Website]
* [http://www.studleywarks.co.uk/index.htm Studley Village website]
* [http://www.studleyhighschool.org.uk Website of Studley high school]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=3876741 Photos of Studley and surrounding area on geograph.org.uk]
* [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/place_page.jsp?p_id=9378 Studley on a Vision of Britain]
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=57007 British History Online : Studley]
* [http://www.francisfrith.com/search/england/warwickshire/studley/photos/studley_photos.htm Old Francis Frith photos of Studley]
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