Timeline of photography technology

Timeline of photography technology

Timeline of photography technology
* 1826 - Nicéphore Niépce takes the first permanent photograph, a landscape that required an eight hour exposure.
* 1835 - William Fox Talbot produces early permanent photographs through his own process.
* 1839 - Louis Daguerre patents the daguerreotype.
* 1839 - William Fox Talbot invented the positive / negative process widely used in modern photography. He refers to this as photogenic drawing.
* 1839 - John Herschel demonstrates hyposulfite of soda (also known as "hypo", or "sodium thiosulfate") as a fixer, and makes the first glass negative.
* 1851 - Introduction of the collodion process by Frederick Scott Archer.
* 1854 André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri credited with introduction of the "carte de visite" (French "visiting card"). Disdéri introduced a rotating camera which could reproduce eight individually exposed images on a single negative. After printing on albumen paper, the images were cut apart and glued to calling card-sized mounts. These tiny portraits were left by visiting friends, which inspired the name "carte de viste."
* 1861 - The first color photograph, an additive projected image of a tartan ribbon, is shown by James Clerk Maxwell.
* 1868 - Louis Ducos du Hauron patents a method of subtractive color photography.
* 1871 - The gelatin emulsion is invented by Richard Maddox.
* 1876 - F. Hurter & V. C. Driffield begin systematic evaluation of sensitivity characteristics of photographic emulsions - science of sensitometry.
* 1878 - Eadweard Muybridge made a high-speed photographic demonstration of a moving horse, airborne during a trot, using a trip-wire system.
* 1887 - Celluloid film base introduced.
* 1888 - Kodak n°1 box camera is mass marketed; first easy-to-use camera.
* 1887 - Gabriel Lippmann invents a "method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference".
* 1891 - Thomas Edison patents the "kinetoscopic camera" (motion pictures).
* 1895 - Auguste and Louis Lumière - Invented the cinématographe.
* 1898 - Kodak introduced their Folding Pocket Kodak.
* 1900 - Kodak introduced their first Brownie.
* 1901 - Kodak introduced the 120 film.
* 1902 - Arthur Korn devises practical phototelegraphy technology (reduction of photographic images to signals that can be transmitted by wire to other locations); "Wire-Photos" in wide use in Europe by 1910, and transmitted intercontinentally by 1922.
* 1907 - The Autochrome Lumière is the first color photography process marketed.
* 1912 - "Vest Pocket Kodak" using 127 film.
* 1913 - Kinemacolor, the first commercial "natural color" system for movies is invented.
* 1914 - Kodak introduced the Autographic film system.
* 1920s - Yasujiro Niwa invented a device for phototelegraphic transmission through cable and later via radio.
* 1923 - Doc Harold Edgerton invents the xenon flash lamp and strobe photography.
* 1925 - The Leica introduced the 35mm format to still photography.
* 1932 - The first full-color Technicolor movie, Flowers and Trees, is made by Disney.
* 1934 - The 135 film cartridge was introduced, making 35mm easy to use.
* 1936 - Introduction by IHAGEE of the Ihagee Kine Exakta 1, the first 35mm. Single Lens reflex camera.
* 1936 - Development of Kodachrome multi-layered reversal color film.
* 1937 - Agfacolor-Neu reversal color film.
* 1939 - Agfacolor negative-positive color material, the first modern "print" film.
* 1939 - The View-Master stereo viewer is introduced.
* 1942 - Kodacolor, Kodak's first "print" film.
* 1947 - Dennis Gabor invents holography.
* 1948 - The Hasselblad camera was introduced.
* 1948 - Edwin H. Land introduces the first Polaroid instant image camera.
* 1952 - The 3-D film craze begins.
* 1954 - Leica M Introduced

* 1957 - First Asahi Pentax SLR introduced.
* 1957 - First digital image produced on a computer by Russell Kirsch at U.S. National Bureau of Standards (now known as the National Institute of Standards and Technology, or NIST). [http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/techbeat/tb2007_0524.htm#image]
* 1959 - Nikon F introduced.
* 1959 - AGFA introduces the first fully automatic camera, the "Optima".
* 1961 - Eugene F. Lally of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory published the first description of how to produce still photos in a digital domain using a mosaic photosensor. [Eugene F. Lally, "Mosaic Guidance for Interplanetary Travel," "Space Flight Report to the Nation", pp. 2249–61, American Rocket Society, New York, October 9–15, 1961.]
* 1963 - Kodak introduces the Instamatic.
* 1964 - First Pentax Spotmatic SLR introduced.
* 1973 - Fairchild Semiconductor releases the first large image forming CCD chip; 100 rows and 100 columns.
* 1975 - Bryce Bayer of Kodak develops the Bayer filter mosaic pattern for CCD color image sensors.
* 1986 - Kodak scientists invent the world's first megapixel sensor.
* 2005 - AgfaPhoto files for bankruptcy. Production of Agfa brand consumer films ends.
* 2006 - Dalsa produces 111 megapixel CCD sensor, the highest resolution at its time. [http://www.dalsa.com/news/news.asp?itemID=252]
* 2006 - Polaroid announces it is discontinuing the production of all instant film products, citing the rise of digital imaging technology. [http://www.savepolaroid.com/]

ee also

* List of inventions
* List of inventions named after people


External links

* [http://www.theanswerbank.co.uk/Article.go?id=3161&category_id=2 More about the earliest photograph]
* [http://www.mccord-museum.qc.ca/en/keys/webtours/VQ_P1_1_EN.html In the eye of the camera] — Illustrated historical essay about early photography
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/articles/biedermann/index.html Lippmann's and Gabor's Revolutionary Approach to Imaging]

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