Islamic hygienical jurisprudence


Islamic hygienical jurisprudence

:"This is a sub-article to Fiqh and HygieneHygiene is a prominent topic in Islam. Since the 7th century, Islam has always placed a strong emphasis on personal hygiene.

Overview

Other than the need to be ritually clean in time for the daily prayer (Arabic: "Salah") through Wudu and Ghusl, there are a large number of other hygiene-related rules governing the lives of Muslims. Other issues include the Islamic dietary laws.

In general, the Qur'an advises Muslims to uphold high standards of physical hygiene and to be ritually clean whenever possible. For this reason in Muslim countries, bathrooms are always equipped with a water hose situated next to the toilet, so that an individual may wash themselves. This ablution is required in order to maintain ritual cleanliness, though using toilet paper is acceptable when one is not able to wash themselves.

Also because of ritual cleanliness, and again common to many Eastern cultures, Muslims take their shoes off when entering mosques and homes.

Islamic dietary laws

Islamic dietary laws provide a set of rules as to what Muslims eat in their diet. These rules specify the food that is halāl, meaning lawful. They are found in Qur'an, the holy book of Islam, usually detailing what is unlawful, or harām.

Personal grooming

Personal grooming is also a matter of focus in Islam. According to most scholars, men are expected to have a beard. The generally accepted length of the beard is the size of the beard-grower's fist from the chin. The beard is not universally accepted as an obligation, however, and many Muslims trim or shave.

Islamic cleanliness

Islamic cleanliness is an important part of Islam, including Qur'anic verses that teach how to achieve ritual cleanliness.

Islamic toilet etiquette

The Islamic faith has particular rules regarding personal hygiene when going to the toilet. This code is known as "Qadaahul Haajah" [ [http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/pillars/prayer/prescribed/pp1_2.html USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts ] ] and is extremely prescriptive.

References

Further reading

*Islamic Concept of Hygiene as Seen in the Sunnah [http://www.sindbadmall.com/Product.asp?StoreId=1&CatId=15&ProductId=10]


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