Duncan McArthur


Duncan McArthur
Duncan McArthur.png

Duncan McArthur (June 14, 1772 – April 29, 1839) was a Federalist and National Republican politician from Ohio. He served as the 11th Governor of Ohio.

Born to Scottish immigrants in Dutchess County, New York, McArthur grew up in western Pennsylvania and later moved to Kentucky, where he was employed as an Indian ranger. McArthur moved across the Ohio River in 1797 to the new town of Chillicothe, Ohio, which was to become the state capital in 1803. McArthur grew wealthy investing in land in the surrounding area. McArthur founded the city of Greenfield in 1799. Greenfield is located at N39 21.11958 W83 22.96284 (GPS coordinates), about 21 miles due west of Chillicothe. State Route 28, which runs between Greenfield and Chillicothe, was to be known as General Duncan McArthur Highway per act of the 113th Ohio General Assembly to the effect of:

Ohio Revised Code 5533.11 General Duncan McArthur highway.

The road known as state route number twenty-eight, running in a northeasterly and southwesterly direction, commencing at the village of Milford in Hamilton and Clermont counties and extending through the counties of Clermont, Warren, Clinton, Highland, and Ross to a point of junction with United States route number fifty, and through the municipal corporations of Blanchester, Martinsville, New Vienna, Highland, Leesburg, and Greenfield shall be known as “General Duncan McArthur highway.”

The director of transportation shall erect suitable uniform markers upon said highway indicating the name thereof, such markers to have a background of white enamel, bearing in black enamel the bust of General Duncan McArthur and the words “General Duncan McArthur highway.” Effective Date: 09-28-1973

He was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Ohio's 3rd congressional district while serving in the militia during the War of 1812, but never qualified for office, preferring to continue serving in the military. He was appointed colonel of Ohio volunteers and was second-in-command to General William Hull at Fort Detroit. He and Colonel Lewis Cass were not present at Detroit when Hull surrendered and were greatly angered to hear that Hull had included both of them in the capitulation. When a British officer notified him of the surrender, McArthur is said to have torn off his epalettes and broke his sword in a fit of rage, although historians note similar stories were told about other officers as well.[1] He was paroled and returned to Ohio. He was appointed a Brigadier General in the U.S. Army and commanded a brigade under William H. Harrison during the battle of the Thames. Shortly thereafter he was placed in charge of the Army of the Northwest following Harrison's resignation.[2] He did not face much action but was instead engaged in negotiating treaties with the Indians. In 1817, he was one of two commissioners (along with Lewis Cass) who negotiated the Treaty of Fort Meigs, which was signed September 29 of that year with several Native American tribes.

McArthur served intermittently thereafter in the Ohio House of Representatives and Ohio State Senate, as well as a single term from 1823-1825 in the United States House of Representatives before winning election to the governorship in 1830. McArthur served a single term and did not seek re-election.

McArthur is buried in Grandview Cemetery, Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio, USA. The small village of McArthur, Ohio, the seat of Vinton County, is named for him.

Notes

  1. ^ Cramer 1937, p. 134
  2. ^ Cramer 1937, p. 140

References

Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Kirker
Speaker of the Ohio Senate
1809-12-04 – 1810-12-02
Succeeded by
Thomas Kirker
Speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives
1817-12-01 – 1818-12-06
Succeeded by
Joseph Richardson
Preceded by
Allen Trimble
Governor of Ohio
1830-12-18 – 1832-12-07
Succeeded by
Robert Lucas
Ohio House of Representatives
Preceded by
William Creighton, Sr.
James Dunlap
John Evans
Elias Langham
Representative from Ross and Franklin Counties
1804–1805
Served alongside: Michael Baldwin, James Dunlap, William Patton
Succeeded by
James Dunlap
Elias Langham
David Shelby
Abraham J. Williams
Preceded by
James Barnes
John McDougall
Samuel Swearingen
Representative from Ross County
1815–1816
Served alongside: James Barnes, Thomas Scott
Succeeded by
James Barnes
James Manary
William Vance
Preceded by
James Barnes
James Manary
William Vance
Representative from Ross County
1817–1818
Served alongside: James Manary, William Vance
Succeeded by
Joseph Kerr
John Sill
James S. Swearingen
Ohio Senate
Preceded by
Abraham Claypool
Joseph Kerr
Senator from Ross and Franklin Counties
1805–1806
Served alongside: Joseph Kerr
Succeeded by
Himself
Abraham Claypool

as Senators from Ross, Franklin, and Highland Counties
Preceded by
Himself
Joseph Kerr

as Senators from Ross and Franklin Counties
Senator from Ross, Franklin, and Highland Counties
1806–1808
Served alongside: Abraham Claypool
District eliminated
New district Senator from Ross County
1808–1813
Served alongside: Henry Massie (1808–1810), Robert Dunlap (1810–1811), James Dunlap (1811–1813)
Succeeded by
William Creighton, Sr.
James Dunlap
Preceded by
Samuel Swearingen
Senator from Ross County
1821–1823
Succeeded by
David Crouse
United States House of Representatives
New district Representative from Ohio's 3rd congressional district
1813–1813-04-05
Succeeded by
William Creighton, Jr.
Preceded by
John Sloane
Representative from Ohio's 6th congressional district
1823-03-04 – 1825-03-03
Succeeded by
John Thomson

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