- Duncan McArthur
Born to Scottish immigrants in Dutchess County, New York, McArthur grew up in western Pennsylvania and later moved to Kentucky, where he was employed as an Indian ranger. McArthur moved across the Ohio River in 1797 to the new town of Chillicothe, Ohio, which was to become the state capital in 1803. McArthur grew wealthy investing in land in the surrounding area. McArthur founded the city of Greenfield in 1799. Greenfield is located at N39 21.11958 W83 22.96284 (GPS coordinates), about 21 miles due west of Chillicothe. State Route 28, which runs between Greenfield and Chillicothe, was to be known as General Duncan McArthur Highway per act of the 113th Ohio General Assembly to the effect of:
Ohio Revised Code 5533.11 General Duncan McArthur highway.
The road known as state route number twenty-eight, running in a northeasterly and southwesterly direction, commencing at the village of Milford in Hamilton and Clermont counties and extending through the counties of Clermont, Warren, Clinton, Highland, and Ross to a point of junction with United States route number fifty, and through the municipal corporations of Blanchester, Martinsville, New Vienna, Highland, Leesburg, and Greenfield shall be known as “General Duncan McArthur highway.”
The director of transportation shall erect suitable uniform markers upon said highway indicating the name thereof, such markers to have a background of white enamel, bearing in black enamel the bust of General Duncan McArthur and the words “General Duncan McArthur highway.” Effective Date: 09-28-1973
He was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Ohio's 3rd congressional district while serving in the militia during the War of 1812, but never qualified for office, preferring to continue serving in the military. He was appointed colonel of Ohio volunteers and was second-in-command to General William Hull at Fort Detroit. He and Colonel Lewis Cass were not present at Detroit when Hull surrendered and were greatly angered to hear that Hull had included both of them in the capitulation. When a British officer notified him of the surrender, McArthur is said to have torn off his epalettes and broke his sword in a fit of rage, although historians note similar stories were told about other officers as well. He was paroled and returned to Ohio. He was appointed a Brigadier General in the U.S. Army and commanded a brigade under William H. Harrison during the battle of the Thames. Shortly thereafter he was placed in charge of the Army of the Northwest following Harrison's resignation. He did not face much action but was instead engaged in negotiating treaties with the Indians. In 1817, he was one of two commissioners (along with Lewis Cass) who negotiated the Treaty of Fort Meigs, which was signed September 29 of that year with several Native American tribes.
McArthur served intermittently thereafter in the Ohio House of Representatives and Ohio State Senate, as well as a single term from 1823-1825 in the United States House of Representatives before winning election to the governorship in 1830. McArthur served a single term and did not seek re-election.
- Cramer, C. H. (April 1937). "Duncan McArthur: The Military Phase". Ohio History (Ohio Historical Society) 46 (2): 128–147. http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0046128.html&StartPage=128&EndPage=147&volume=46
- Duncan McArthur at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- "Duncan McArthur". Appleton's cyclopædia of American biography. 4. 1887. pp. 72–73. http://books.google.com/books?id=q54LAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA72. Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography
Political offices Preceded by
Speaker of the Ohio Senate
1809-12-04 – 1810-12-02
Speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives
1817-12-01 – 1818-12-06
Governor of Ohio
1830-12-18 – 1832-12-07
Ohio House of Representatives Preceded by
William Creighton, Sr.
Representative from Ross and Franklin Counties
Served alongside: Michael Baldwin, James Dunlap, William Patton
Abraham J. Williams
Representative from Ross County
Served alongside: James Barnes, Thomas Scott
Representative from Ross County
Served alongside: James Manary, William Vance
James S. Swearingen
Ohio Senate Preceded by
Senator from Ross and Franklin Counties
Served alongside: Joseph Kerr
as Senators from Ross, Franklin, and Highland Counties
as Senators from Ross and Franklin Counties
Senator from Ross, Franklin, and Highland Counties
Served alongside: Abraham Claypool
District eliminated New district Senator from Ross County
Served alongside: Henry Massie (1808–1810), Robert Dunlap (1810–1811), James Dunlap (1811–1813)
William Creighton, Sr.
Senator from Ross County
United States House of Representatives New district Representative from Ohio's 3rd congressional district
William Creighton, Jr.
Representative from Ohio's 6th congressional district
1823-03-04 – 1825-03-03
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