Hideki Shirakawa


Hideki Shirakawa

Professor Hideki Shirakawa 白川 英樹 "Shirakawa Hideki", born in Tokyo on August 20, 1936) is a Japanese chemist and winner of the 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of conductive polymers together with physics professor Alan J. Heeger and chemistry professor Alan G MacDiarmid at the University of Pennsylvania.

Works

While employed as an assistant at Tokyo Institute of Technology (TITech) in Japan, he developed polyacetylene, which has a metallic appearance. This result interested Alan MacDiarmid when MacDiarmid visited TITech in 1975.

In 1976, he was invited to work in the laboratory of Alan MacDiarmid as a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Pennsylvania. The two developed the electrical conductivity of polyacetylene along with American physicist Alan Heeger.

In 1977 they discovered that doping with iodine vapor could enhance the conductivity of polyacetylene. The three scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2000 in recognition of the discovery. With regard to the mechanism of electric conduction, it is strongly believed that nonlinear excitations in the form of solitons play a role.

Biography

1936 Born in Tokyo, in the family of a military doctor. Around third grade, he moved to Takayama, Gifu, which is the hometown of his mother. 1961 Graduated from Tokyo Institute of Technology (TITech), Chemical engineering department in the School of Science and Engineering.

1966 Received doctorate from Chemical engineering department in Graduate School of Science and Engineering in TITech. Obtained the post of assistant in Chemical Resources Laboratory in TITech.

1976 Post-doctoral researcher in the University of Pennsylvania, USA with invitation by Alan MacDiarmid.

1979 Assistant professor in University of Tsukuba, Japan

1982 Professor in University of Tsukuba, Japan

1991 Chief of Science and Engineering Department of Graduate School in University of Tsukuba, Japan (- March,1993)

1994 Chief of Category #3 group in University of Tsukuba, Japan (-March,1997)

Relatives

One of his relatives, Hitomi Yoshizawa, is a member of the singing group Morning Musume " [http://www.helloproject.com/ Morning Girls] ". He is also related to Naoko Takahashi, the woman marathon gold medalist of the 2000 Summer Olympics.

Notes

References

* [http://www.jce.divched.org/JCEWWW/Features/eChemists/document.php?chemid=61 Biographical snapshots: Hideki Shirakawa,] "Journal of Chemical Education" web site.

External links

* [http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/2000/shirakawa-autobio.html Nobel Prize Biography]
* [http://www.ims.tsukuba.ac.jp/individual/shirakawa.html Official Homepage in Japanese]
* [http://www.upenn.edu/almanac/v47/n08/nobel2000.html Alan MacDiarmid on Winning]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hideki Shirakawa — (jap. 白川英樹 Shirakawa Hideki, * 20. August 1936) ist ein japanischer Chemiker. Zusammen mit Alan J. Heeger und Alan MacDiarmid erhielt er im Jahr 2000 den Chemie Nobelpreis für die Entdeckung und Entwicklung leitfähiger Polymere. Ausgangspunkt für …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hideki Shirakawa — (白川英樹, Hideki Shirakawa?) (Tokio, Japón, 20 de agosto de 1936) es un químico y profesor universitario japonés galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química del año 2000 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hideki Shirakawa — (20 août 1936 à Tokyo) est un chimiste japonais. Alan MacDiarmid, Alan Heeger et lui sont colauréats du prix Nobel de chimie de 2000 « pour leur découverte des polymères conducteurs[1] ». Biographie En 2010, il est professeur à l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hideki Shirakawa — (白川英樹) Químico japonés. Doctorado en Química por el Instituto Tecnológico de Tokio en 1966. Ese mismo año ocupó la plaza de profesor asociado en el Instituto de Ciencias de los Materiales en la Universidad de Tsukuba (Japón). Desde 1982 es… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chemienobelpreis 2000: Alan MacDiarmid — Alan Heeger — Hideki Shirakawa —   97489   Die amerikanischen Wissenschaftler Heeger und MacDiarmid und der Japaner Shirakawa erhielten den Nobelpreis »für die Entdeckung und die Entwicklung von leitenden Polymeren«.    Biografien   Alan G. MacDiarmid, * Masterton (Neuseeland)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Shirakawa Hideki — Hideki Shirakawa (jap. 白川英樹 Shirakawa Hideki, * 20. August 1936) ist ein japanischer Chemiker. Zusammen mit Alan J. Heeger und Alan MacDiarmid erhielt er im Jahr 2000 den Chemie Nobelpreis für die Entdeckung und Entwicklung leitfähiger Polymere.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shirakawa — (白川 o 白河, Shirakawa?) hace referencia a varios artículos en la wikipedia: Lugares en Japón Shirakawa, Oono, Gifu, ciudad y lugar patrimonio mundial en la prefectura Gifu. Shirakawa (Fukushima), ciudad en la prefectura Fukushima …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shirakawa — bezeichnet: Shirakawa (Fukushima), eine Stadt in der japanischen Präfektur Fukushima Shirakawa (Han), ein Lehen mit Sitz in Shirakawa (Fukushima) Shirakawa chō (Gifu), eine Stadt in der Präfektur Gifu Shirakawa mura (Gifu), ein Dorf in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hideki — is a Japanese given name.People with the given name Hideki* Hideki Arai (born 1963), Japanese manga artist * Hideki Fujii (born 1934), Japanese photographer * Hideki Fujisawa (born 1963), also known as Dance☆Man, Japanese musician * Hideki Imai… …   Wikipedia

  • Shirakawa — may refer to the followings: Japanese names Posthumous name of emperor * Emperor Shirakawa, an eleventh century emperor of Japan Surnames * Atsushi Shirakawa, a Japanese music composer * Hideki Shirakawa, Dr., a Japanese chemist * Kazuko… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.