- Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak
Infobox tornado|name=Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak
Wichita Falls, Texasafter the tornado.
date=April 10-11, 1979
duration= 2 days
total damages (USD)= unknown
areas affected= Southern US Plains &
The Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak was a
tornadoevent that occurred on April 10, 1979near the Red River Valley. It's most noted for the F4 tornado that hit Wichita Falls, Texasand is commonly referred to as "Terrible Tuesday" by many meteorologists. Additional tornadoes were reported across the Southern Plains as well as in the Mississippi River Valley on April 10- April 11, 1979.
Formation of the tornadoes
s formed. They moved northeastward, and as a trio spawned families of tornadoes. These supercells caused the most damaging tornadoes of the outbreak.The first tornado formed near
Crowell, Texasat around 3:05 P.M. About 35 minutes later, the tornado ripped through Vernon and killed 11 people. Then the tornado killed three people in Lawton, Oklahoma. The second supercell spawned a tornado that moved convert|64|mi|km|0.
The third supercell was the one that formed the tornado that moved through
Seymour, Texasand Wichita Falls. The tornado formed a family of three tornadoes. The first formed near Seymour at around 4:53 P.M.. The storm spawned a second tornado and moved through the south and east sides of Wichita Falls at around 6:00 P.M. The storm spawned another tornado near Waurika, Oklahomaat around 8:00 P.M. The storm moved convert|47|mi|km|0.
The storm formed in
Archer County, Texasand moved northeast and damaged a few rural homes and high voltage towers. The tornado then moved into Wichita County, Texasand severely damaged Memorial Stadium and McNiel Junior High School. The tornado destroyed an apartment complex across the street. The tornado also took its first lives at the complex. The tornado later destroyed a restaurant, part of Sikes Senter, the major mall in the town, and another apartment complex where the tornado took more lives.
A number of people tried to flee as the tornado moved along US Highways 281 and 287. More people were killed in their cars. The tornado then moved into Clay County and changed its appearance. There were five satellite tornadoes spinning around the parent tornado. It did more damage south of Dean and Byers, TX, but no more fatalities.
At the end of the outbreak, 54 people lost their lives in Texas, three were killed in Oklahoma and one was killed in
Indiana. The Wichita Falls tornado alone killed 42 people, a death toll which was unmatched until the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreakin 1999. The tornado caused $400 million in damage which, also up until the Oklahoma tornado outbreak, made it the costliest tornado in U.S. history. An convert|8|mi|km|0 swath of the city had almost unheard of devastation. Dr. Ted Fujita, who was working at the University of Chicago, said the tornado caused as much as F4 damage on the east and south sides of the city. What was unique about this tornado was that it caused a wide swath of F4 damage. Ordinary tornadoes only have a small path of their most intense damage.
April 10, 1979 tornado event
List of North American tornadoes and tornado outbreaks
* Fujita, T.T., and Wakimoto, R.M. (1979). "Red River Valley tornado outbreak of April 10, 1979", University of Chicago.
External links and sources
* [http://www.srh.noaa.gov/oun/wxevents/19790410/burgess.php "The April 10, 1979 Severe Weather Outbreak" by Don Burgess]
* [http://www.srh.noaa.gov/oun/storms/19790410/ The Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak of April 10, 1979] (NWS Norman, OK)
* [http://www.tornadohistoryproject.com/tornado.php?yr=1979&mo=4&day=10-11&st=Any&fu=Any&co=Any&l=auto&submit=Map&ddat=on&dsta=on&dfuj=on&dfat=on&dinj=on&dcou=on&format=advanced&p=1&s=1 Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak at the Tornado History Project] Includes detailed statistics and maps
* [http://www.tornadoproject.com/safety/manes.htm A survivor's story (Joel Manes)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreak — Infobox tornado outbreak name = 2008 Super Tuesday Tornado Outbreak image location = Noaa outbreak graphic.png date = February 5–6, 2008 duration = 15 hours, 20 minutes fujitascale = EF4 tornadoes = 87 confirmed total damages (USD) = ≥$507… … Wikipedia
May 1896 tornado outbreak sequence — Damage from the St. Louis East St. Louis Tornado. The May 1896 tornado outbreak sequence was a series of violent and deadly tornado outbreaks that struck much of the Central and Southern United States from May 15 to May 27, 1896. It is considered … Wikipedia
April 1994 tornado outbreak — Infobox tornado outbreak|name=April 1994 tornado outbreak date=April 25 27, 1994 image location= duration= 3 days fujitascale=F4 tornadoes=101 total damages (USD)= unknown total fatalities=6 areas affected= Central and Southern Plains, Midwest,… … Wikipedia
April 2009 tornado outbreak — Damage from the EF4 Murfreesboro tornado Date of tornado outbreak: April 9–11, 2009 Duration1: 31 hours, 37 minutes Maximum rated torn … Wikipedia
November 1989 tornado outbreak — Note: the following text and pictures were adapted from public domain National Weather Service documents. See references. November 1989 Tornado Outbreak The strong F4 tornado struck Huntsville, Alabama on November 15, 1989, killing 21 people and… … Wikipedia
May 2007 tornado outbreak — Satellite perspective of the tornadic storms on the evening of May 5, 2007 Date of tornado outbreak: May 4–6, 2007 Duration1: 56 hours, 9 minutes … Wikipedia
May 2007 Tornado Outbreak — Infobox tornado outbreak name=May 2007 Tornado Outbreak image location=tornadicstorms0705060102g12i01zd9.jpg date=May 4 6, 2007 duration=56 hours, 9 minutes fujitascale=EF5 enhanced=yes tornadoes=123 confirmed total damages (USD)=$268 million [… … Wikipedia
March 2009 tornado outbreak sequence — Damage from the EF3 Corydon tornado Date of tornado outbreak: March 23–29, 2009 Duration1: 7 days Maximum rated tornado … Wikipedia
Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 — Infobox tornado outbreak|name=Palm Sunday (1920) Tornado Outbreak date=March 28, 1920| duration= 9 hours fujitascale=F4 tornadoes= > 38 total damages (USD)=Unknown total fatalities=380+ areas affected=Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan … Wikipedia
March 1990 Central US tornado outbreak — Map of confirmed tornadoes in the outbreak. Date of tornado outbreak: March 13, 1990 Duration1: 2 days, 59 minu … Wikipedia