The church of Sainte-Mère-Église with Parachute Memorial
canton=Sainte-Mère-Église (chief town)
Communauté de communes de Sainte-Mère-Église
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Sainte-Mère-Église is a small town and commune of the
Manche"département", in the Cotentin Peninsulanear the coast of Normandy, France.
Founded in the XIIth Century, the earliest records show its first name was "Sanctae Mariae Ecclesia", Latin for "Church of St. Mary". The current French is ambiguous with the additional meaning, "Holy Mother Church." The town was significantly involved in the
100 Years Waras well as the Wars of Religion.
The town's main claim to fame is that it played a significant part in the
World War IINormandy landings because this village stood right in the middle of route N13, which the Germans would have most likely used on any significant counterattack on the troops landing on Utah and Omaha Beaches. In the early morning of 6 June 1944mixed units of the U.S. 82nd Airborne and U.S. 101st Airborne Divisions occupied the town in Operation Boston, giving it the claim to be one of the first towns liberated in the invasion.
The early landings, at about 0140 directly on the town, resulted in heavy casualties for the
paratroopers. Some buildings in town were on fire that night, and they illuminated the sky, making easy targets of the descending men. Some were sucked into the fire. Many hanging from trees and utility poles were shot before they could cut loose. The German defenders were alerted.
A famous incident involved paratrooper John Steele of the 505th PIR, whose
parachutecaught on the spire of the town church, and could only observe the fighting going on below. He escaped capture by feigning death until the town was taken the next day. The incident was portrayed in the movie "The Longest Day".
Later that morning, about 0500, a force led by Lt. Colonel Edward C. Krause of the 505th PIR took the town with little resistance. Apparently the German garrison was confused and had retired for the rest of the night. However, heavy German counterattacks began later in the day and into the next. The lightly-armed troops held the town until reinforced by tanks from nearby Utah Beach in the afternoon of
June 7. Other notable soldiers in the Allied assault on the town:
* Lt. Colonel
Benjamin H. Vandervoort
* Lt. Turner B. Turnbull
Ben SchwartzwalderKrause and Vandervoort both received the Distinguished Service Cross for their actions in the capture of the town.
Henry Langrehr was also involved in the capture of Sainte-Mère-Église. He crashed through a
greenhouseroof, as retold in the movie "The Longest Day". On November 6, 2007 he received, along with five other men, the Legion of Honormedal from the President of France, Nicolas Sarkozy.
Tourism in Sainte-Mère-Église today centers on its role in the D-Day invasion. There are many small museums and World War II-related giftshops and eating places. A dummy paratrooper hangs from the church spire, commemorating the story of John Steele.
Behind the church is a spring, believed by
pilgrims to have healing powers, dedicated to Saint Mewan(Saint Méen).
first-person shooter" Call of Duty" has a mission focusing on the capture and defense of Sainte-Mère-Église.
* [http://www.airborne-museum.org/accueil_uk.php The Airborne Museum]
* [http://www.army.mil/cmh/books/wwii/7-4/7-4_8.HTM "Cross Channel Attack", official Army report]
* [http://www.sainte-mere-eglise.info The Tourist Office of the District Communities of Sainte Mère Eglise]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Sainte-Mere-Eglise — Sainte Mère Église Sainte Mère Église Administration Pays France Région Basse Normandie Département Manche Arrondissement Cherbourg Octeville Canton … Wikipédia en Français
Sainte-mère-église — Administration Pays France Région Basse Normandie Département Manche Arrondissement Cherbourg Octeville Canton … Wikipédia en Français
Sainte-Mère-Église — Sainte Mère Église … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sainte-Mère-Église — Sainte Mère Église … Wikipedia Español
Sainte-Mère-Église — 49° 24′ 32″ N 1° 19′ 05″ W / 49.4088888889, 1.31805555556 … Wikipédia en Français
Sainte-Mere-Eglise — Original name in latin Sainte Mre glise Name in other language Mere Libre, Mre Libre, Saint Mer Enkliz, Sainte Mere Eglise, Sainte Mre glise, Sent Mer Egliz, Sent Mer Ehglis, sheng mei er ai ge li si, Сент Мер Еглиз, Сент Мер Егліз, Сент Мер… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Église de Sainte-Mère-Église — Vue générale de l église Présentation Culte Catholique romain Type Paroisse Rattaché à … Wikipédia en Français
Canton De Sainte-Mère-Église — Administration Pays France Région Basse Normandie Département Manche Arrondissement Cherbourg Octeville Code cantonal 50 37 … Wikipédia en Français
Canton de Sainte-Mere-Eglise — Canton de Sainte Mère Église Canton de Sainte Mère Église Administration Pays France Région Basse Normandie Département Manche Arrondissement Cherbourg Octeville Code cantonal 50 37 … Wikipédia en Français
Canton de Sainte-Mère-Église — Administration Pays France Région Basse Normandie Département Manche Arrondissement Cherbourg Octeville … Wikipédia en Français