- Paul Troost
Paul Ludwig Troost (
August 17, 1878– 21 March 1934), born in Elberfeld, was a German architect. An extremely tall, spare-looking, reserved Westphalian with a close-shaven head, Troost belonged to a school of architects, Peter Behrensand Walter Gropiuswho, even before 1914, reacted sharply against the highly ornamental "Jugendstil" and advocated a restrained, lean architectural approach, almost devoid of ornament. Troost graduated from designing steamship décor before World War I, and the fittings for showy transatlantic liners like the Europa, to a style that combined Spartan traditionalism with elements of modernity.
Although, before 1933 he did not belong to the leading group of German architects, he became
Hitler's foremost architectwhose neo-classical stylebecame for a time the official architectureof the Third Reich. His work filled Hitler with enthusiasm, and he planned and built state and municipal edifices throughout Germany.
In the autumn of 1933, he was commissioned to rebuild and refurnish the
Chancelleryresidence in Berlin. [Seligmann, Matthew; Davison, John; and McDonald, John (2003). "Daily Life in Hitler's Germany", p. 96. London: The Brown Reference Group plc. ISBN 0-312-32811-7.] Along with other architects, Troost planned and built State and municipal edifices throughout the country, including new administrative offices, social buildings for workers and bridges across the main highways. One of the many structures he planned before his death was the House of German Art in Munich, [Zalampas, Sherree Owens (1990). "Adolf Hitler: A Psychological Interpretation of His Views on Architecture, Art and Music", p. 76. Bowling Green State University Popular Press. ISBN 087972-488-9.] intended to be a great temple for a "true, eternal art of the German people". It was a good example of the imitation of classical forms in monumental public buildings during the Third Reich, though subsequently Hitler moved away from the more restrained style of Troost, reverting to the pompous imperial grandeur that he had admired in the Vienna Ringstrasseof his youth.
Hitler's relationship to Troost was that of a pupil to an admired teacher. According to
Albert Speer, who later became Hitler's favourite architect, the Führerwould impatiently greet Troost with the words: "I can't wait, Herr Professor. Is there anything new? Let's see it!" Troost would then lay out his latest plans and sketches. Hitler frequently declared, according to Speer, that "he first learned what architecture was from Troost"'. The architect's death on 21 March 1934, after a severe illness, was a painful blow, but Hitler remained close to his widow Gerdy Troost, whose architectural taste frequently coincided with his own, which made her (in Speer's words) "a kind of arbiter of art in Munich." He was buried in the "Nordfriedhof" Cemetery (North Cemetery) in Munich. The grave stone still survives although the family name has been removed.
Hitler posthumously awarded Troost the
German National Prize for Art and Sciencein 1936.
Albert Speer on Troost
Albert Speer stated the following:
:"At the correct time fate let Hitler meet Troost, with whom a light friendship soon connected . What
Dietrich Eckartwas to the Führerfor the exchange of ideas of world politics, Professor Troost soon became for architecture.
:"The first building which arose through the unique alliance of these two men was the original small edifice of the movement, the
Brown Housein Brienner Street in Munich. Though it was only a reconstruction it was a tremendous effort as the Führer sometimes has said.
:"The drawings for this reconstruction came to life in the simple studio of Architect Troost, in the small rear house at Theresien Street in Munich. In this same studio plans were made for a new building code, the plans for the
Königsplatzin Munich, the House of German Art and many other buildings of the Führer. The plans for these important buildings were never viewed by the Führer in his official offices. For years he drove to the studio of Troost in his spare time in order to view the plans of new buildings. But the Führer did not occupy himself only with the overall plans; each single detail, each new material received his seal of approval and much was improved through his fruitful suggestions. Those hours of joint planning, as the Führer often confesses, became hours of purest joy and the deepest feelings of happiness for him. They were relaxation of the purest kind, out of which he found new strength for other planning. Here he had the opportunity, during the few free hours which politics allows him, to dedicate himself towards the building art.
:"During the winters of 1931 and 1932 he consulted Troost about the future form of the Königsplatz in Munich, and many beautiful designs were the results of these get-togethers. Before his coming to power the place was, as a result of those many deliberations over plans and models, already finished in its present form.
:"The Führer found in the irreplaceable artist Paul Ludwig Troost, his architect. Troost understood how to utilize Hitler's intentions and how to provide the correct architectural form. The Führer during his great speech at the cultural meeting of the Reich Party in 1935, delivered a memorial to Professor Troost which could not have been a more beautiful tribute to an architect of our times, Hitler said: We should be filled with happy pride that through a strange fate Germany possessed the greatest architect since Schinkel, in the new Reich and for the movement. He erected his first and unfortunately his only tremendous works in stone as monuments of true Germanic and
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Paul Troost — Paul Ludwig Troost (17 août 1878 – 21 mars 1934), né à Elberfeld, fut un architecte allemand. Troost appartenait à une école d architectes, tout comme … Wikipédia en Français
Paul Troost — Paul Ludwig Troost, 1930 Paul Ludwig Troost (* 17. August 1878 in Elberfeld; † 21. Januar 1934 in München) war ein deutscher Architekt. Unter anderem errichtete er ab 1933 den so genannten „Führerbau“ am Königsplatz in München und war vera … Deutsch Wikipedia
Paul Bonatz — (6 décembre 1877 – 20 décembre 1956) fut un architecte allemand, membre de l École de Stuttgart et professeur à l université technique de cette ville durant une partie de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale. Biographie … Wikipédia en Français
Paul Bonatz — (6 December 1877 ndash; 20 December 1956) was a German architect, member of the Stuttgart School and professor at the technical university in that city during part of World War II. Bonatz was born in Solgne, Alsace Lorraine. In 1900, he finished… … Wikipedia
Paul Schultze-Naumburg — Photographie de Schultze Naumburg Naissance 10 juin 1 … Wikipédia en Français
Paul Schmitthenner — Paul Schmitthenner, né le 15 décembre 1884 à Lauterbourg en Alsace, d’un père allemand et d’une mère alsacienne et mort le 11 novembre 1972 à Munich, est un professeur des universités et architecte allemand. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Liens externes … Wikipédia en Français
Paul Ludwig Troost — Paul Ludwig Troost, 1930 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Paul Ludwig Troost — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Paul Ludwig Troost Paul Ludwig Troost (Elberfeld (Wuppertal), 17 de agosto de 1878 Múnich, 21 de enero … Wikipedia Español
Troost — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Axel Troost (* 1954), Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Gerard Troost (1776–1850), niederländisch US amerikanischer Geologe, Paläontologe und Zoologe Gerdy Troost (1904–2003), Architektin und Ehefrau von Paul… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Troost — may refer to:People* Paul Ludwig Troost (1878–1934), was a German architect. * Sjaak Troost (1959–) is a former football player. * Andre van Troost (1972 ) is a former Dutch cricketer. * Cornelis Troost (1697–1750) was a Dutch painter. * Gerald… … Wikipedia