- Sun Shangxiang
Lady Sun, or more famously Sun Shangxiang (zh-tsp|t=孫尚香 |s=孙尚香 |p=Sūn Shàngxiāng) as she is called in Chinese opera and in contemporary culture, lived during the
Three Kingdomsera of China. She was the only daughter of the warlord, Sun Jian. She had five brothers, the most notable being the two eldest, Sun Ceand Sun Quan, both of whom subsequently became rulers of Eastern Wu. She is often depicted as a tomboy, as she received extensive martial arts training and her maidservants all wielded weapons, which was strange for her time.
She was wed to
Liu Beias his third wife, supposedly to secure the alliance between Sun Quan and Liu Bei. When Liu Bei turned west to attack the land of Sichuan, Sun Quan sent ships to bring her back.
Sister of the founding Emperor of Eastern Wu (Sun Quan), Lady Sun was the only recorded daughter of Sun Jian and
Lady Wu. Sun Jian had two other daughters bore by consorts, older than Sun Shangxiang, who were recorded. One daughter was married to Hong Ziand highly respected the abilities of Zhuge Jin. The other was bore by a Lady Chen, who possibly was a concubine, and married Pan Mi.
Although history never recorded the given name of Lady Sun (or any of her sisters), in legends, she is commonly referred by the name Sun Shangxiang. She was a woman of strong personality and this is shown in events throughout her life. The biography of
Fa Zhengtells that she had the courage and energy of her brothers.
209, she was given to Liu Bei to marry as a part of an alliance between Eastern Wu and Shu Han. At the time, Lady Sun was a little over twenty years of age but because of the marriage, she took general control over his household as well as guardianship over his son and heir Liu Shan. This is because both of Liu Bei’s former wives had already died of natural causes. Because Lady Sun was accompanied by more than a hundred female attendants, all of whom were capable of bearing arms, whenever Liu Bei visited her, he was scared. No children are recorded between them.
Two years later, however, in
211, there was tension within the Wu-Shu Alliance over the affairs of Jingzhou. It was at this time when Sun Shangxiang returned to her brother’s court. According to Zhao Yun’s biography, Lady Sun attempted to take Liu Shan with her but was stopped by Zhang Feiand Zhao Yun himself. Through negotiations by the two generals, Lady Sun surrendered the young heir before she journeyed downriver to Jiangdong. It is through this event that the marriage and alliance effectively ended. She never met Liu Bei again, and presumedly never remarried.
In "Romance of the Three Kingdoms"
In the historical novel "
Romance of the Three Kingdoms", she is named Sun Ren (孫仁), possibly a corruption of her name Sun Renxian (孫仁獻) as recorded in the unofficial history " Hanjin Chunqiu". Her character in the novel is very fiery and determined; however, the footnotes of the novel state that she was considered a handful to deal with and Liu Bei's officers had to keep an eye on her to make sure she wasn't running amok in the capital.
The Eastern Wu ruler, Sun Quan, invited Liu Bei, ruler of Jingzhou at the time, to travel to Wu. Liu Bei was told that the purpose of the visit was to marry Sun Shangxiang and to strengthen their alliance with the deed. However, the marriage proposal turned out to be a nearly lethal trap created by the Eastern Wu strategist,
Zhou Yu. The plan was to lure Liu Bei into Wu unarmed, and then hold him against his will. In turn, Wu would demand Jingzhou as a ransoming price. Luckily, Liu Bei got word of the plot early on and fled back to Shu with Sun Shangxiang. But on the way back, the two were stopped by Wu guards that had orders to recapture Liu Bei at all costs. Sun Shangxiang's tearful scolding was what enabled the couple to escape freely. It is believed that Sun Shangxiang fell in love with Liu Bei hereafter.
After the first plan failed, Sun Quan spread fake news that Lady Wu, Sun Shangxiang's mother, was extremely ill and wished to see her daughter and step-grandson, Liu Shan. Sun Quan planned to then capture Liu Shan and hold him captive, once more asking for Jingzhou in return for the boy's freedom. Very distressed, Sun Shangxiang attempted to leave with her stepson. However, Zhao Yun blocked the way and retrieved Liu Shan. Undeterred, Sun Shangxiang travelled on back to Eastern Wu where she would remain for the remainder of her life. Upon learning of Liu Bei's death at the
Battle of Yiling, she rode out to a forest and threw herself in a river. There is no historical record of this event.
Sun Shangxiang was one of the first female characters to appear in the
Koeivideo game series, " Dynasty Warriors", where she is alternatively named "Sun Shang Xiang" and is armed with a pair of wind and fire wheels (erroneously referred to as chakrams). In " Dynasty Warriors 6" she wields a bow.
Sun Shangxiang is also featured in Koei's "
Warriors Orochi". In the game, she starts off working for the enemy because of the capture of her father. She befriends the female archer Inahime, and they both eventually join the Wu cause.
She was played by Vicky
Zhao Weiin John Woo's 2008 epic movieabout the battle of Chibi, " Red Cliff", where she and her all female armed bodyguards posed as a bait to lure Cao Cao's troops into a trap made by Zhuge Liang.
Lady Wu(吳夫人) (d. 202)
* Internet Edition.
Personages of the Three Kingdoms
Records of Three Kingdoms"
Romance of the Three Kingdoms"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sun Shangxiang — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Shang. Sun Shangxiang (189 223) Fille du seigneur de guerre Sun Jian, elle découvrit les arts martiaux à l âge de 8 ans. Quelque peu masculine, elle possédait un caractère enjoué, qui lui permettait de surmonter… … Wikipédia en Français
Sun Shangxiang — Illustration einer Qing Ausgabe der Geschichte der Drei Reiche. Sun Shangxiang (chinesisch 孫尚香 / 孙尚香 Sūn Shàngxiāng; * 192) war die einzige Tochter des chinesischen Kriegsherrn Sun Jian und se … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sun Ch'üan — Dōng Wú Dàdì (東吳大帝) Familienname: Sūn (孙/孫) Vorname: Quán (权/權) Großjährigkeitsname (Zi): Zhòngmóu (仲謀/仲谋) Großjährigkeitsname (Hao) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sun Shang Xiang — Sun Shangxiang Pour les articles homonymes, voir Shang. Fille du seigneur de guerre Sun Jian, elle découvrit les arts martiaux à l âge de 8 ans. Quelque peu masculine, elle possédait un caractère enjoué, qui lui permettait de surmonter le combat… … Wikipédia en Français
Sun Quan — Wú Dàdì (吳大帝) Familienname: Sūn (孙/孫) Vorname: Quán (权/權) Großjährigkeitsname (Zi): Zhòngmóu (仲謀/仲谋) Postumer Titel … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sun — (teilweise für engl. Sonne) bezeichnet: Sun (Automarke), eine deutsche Automobilmarke Sun (Band), eine deutsche Rock Metal Band Sun Microsystems, ein US amerikanisches Unternehmen Sun Chemical, einen Hersteller von Druckfarben und Pigmenten Sun… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sun Jian — Sūn Jiān chinesisch 孫堅 / 孙坚, IPA (hochchinesisch) [[su̯ən˥ d̥ʑ̥i̯ɛn˥]], W. G. Sun Chien), Großjährigkeitsname Wéntái (文台; * 155; † 191) war ein General der Östlichen Han Dynastie. Während des Zusammenbruchs der Han Dynastie… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sun Ce — Three Kingdoms infobox Name=Sun Ce imagesize=200px Title=Warlord Kingdom= Born=175 Died=200 Predecessor=Sun Jian Successor=Sun Quan Simp=孙策 Trad=孫策 Pinyin=Sūn Cè WG=Sun Tse Zi=Bofu (伯符) Post=Prince Huan of Changsha (長沙桓王) Other=Little Conqueror… … Wikipedia
Sun Jian — Three Kingdoms infobox Name=Sun Jian Title=Minor warlord Kingdom=Eastern Han Dynasty Born=155 Died=191 Successor=Sun Ce Simp=孙坚 Trad=孫堅 Pinyin=Sūn Jiān WG=Sun Chien Zi=Wentai (文臺) Post=Emperor Wulie (武烈皇帝) Other=The Tiger of JiangdongSun Jian… … Wikipedia
Sun-Familie — Die Sun (chin. 孫) waren eine weitverzweigte chinesische Familie, aus der die Kaiser der Wu Dynastie hervorgingen. Die Sun Familie betrachtet Sun Tsu als ihren Stammvater. Ihr Abkömmling Sun Jian wahr ein berühmter General unter der Östlichen Han… … Deutsch Wikipedia