List of counties in Wisconsin

List of counties in Wisconsin
Wisconsin counties

This is a list of 72 counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The state of Wisconsin was created from Wisconsin Territory on May 29, 1848, with 28 counties.

Counties in Wisconsin are run by county boards, headed by a chairperson. Counties with a population of 500,000 or more must have a county executive as well. Smaller counties may either have a county executive or a county administrator.[1] As of 2009, eleven counties have county executives: Brown, Dane, Fond du Lac, Kenosha, Manitowoc, Milwaukee, Outagamie, Portage, Racine, Waukesha, and Winnebago.[2]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry.[3] Wisconsin's code is 55, which when combined with any county code would be written as 55XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.[4]

List of counties

County
FIPS code
[4]
County seat
[5]
Established
[5]
Formed from
[6]
Etymology
[6]
Population
[5][7]
Area
[5][7]
Map


Adams County 001 Friendship 1848 Portage County John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), President of the United States 1825-1829 &1000000000002087500000020,875 &10000000000000648000000648 sq mi
(&100000000000016780000001,678 km2)
State map highlighting Adams County


Ashland County 003 Ashland 1860 unorganized territory Ashland, Henry Clay's estate in Kentucky &1000000000001615700000016,157 &100000000000010440000001,044 sq mi
(&100000000000027040000002,704 km2)
State map highlighting Ashland County


Barron County 005 Barron 1859 Dallas and Polk counties Henry D. Barron, state senator and circuit court judge. &1000000000004587000000045,870 &10000000000000863000000863 sq mi
(&100000000000022350000002,235 km2)
State map highlighting Barron County


Bayfield County 007 Washburn 1845 Ashland County Henry Bayfield, Royal naval officer and first to survey the Great Lakes area &1000000000001501400000015,014 &100000000000014760000001,476 sq mi
(&100000000000038230000003,823 km2)
State map highlighting Bayfield County


Brown County 009 Green Bay 1818 unorganized territory Major General Jacob Brown (1775-1828), a commanding general of the United States Army during the War of 1812 &10000000000248007000000248,007 &10000000000000529000000529 sq mi
(&100000000000013700000001,370 km2)
State map highlighting Brown County


Buffalo County 011 Alma 1853 Trempealeau County The Buffalo River, which flows through the county. &1000000000001358700000013,587 &10000000000000684000000684 sq mi
(&100000000000017720000001,772 km2)
State map highlighting Buffalo County


Burnett County 013 Siren 1856 Polk County Thomas P. Burnett, state legislator &1000000000001545700000015,457 &10000000000000822000000822 sq mi
(&100000000000021290000002,129 km2)
State map highlighting Burnett County


Calumet County 015 Chilton 1836 unorganized territory The French word for a Menominee peace pipe. &1000000000004897100000048,971 &10000000000000320000000320 sq mi
(&10000000000000829000000829 km2)
State map highlighting Calumet County


Chippewa County 017 Chippewa Falls 1845 Crawford County The Ojibwe nation of Native Americans (historically referred to as Chippewa) &1000000000006241500000062,415 &100000000000010100000001,010 sq mi
(&100000000000026160000002,616 km2)
State map highlighting Chippewa County


Clark County 019 Neillsville 1853 Crawford County George Rogers Clark (1752-1812), Revolutionary War general &1000000000003469000000034,690 &100000000000012160000001,216 sq mi
(&100000000000031490000003,149 km2)
State map highlighting Clark County


Columbia County 021 Portage 1846 Portage County Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), navigator and explorer &1000000000005683300000056,833 &10000000000000774000000774 sq mi
(&100000000000020050000002,005 km2)
State map highlighting Columbia County


Crawford County 023 Prairie du Chien 1818 unorganized territory William Harris Crawford (1772-1834), United States Senator from Georgia 1807-1813 and Secretary of the Treasury 1816-1825 &1000000000001664400000016,644 &10000000000000573000000573 sq mi
(&100000000000014840000001,484 km2)
State map highlighting Crawford County


Dane County 025 Madison 1836 unorganized territory Nathan Dane (1752-1835), delegate to the First Continental Congress 1785-1788 &10000000000488073000000488,073 &100000000000012020000001,202 sq mi
(&100000000000031130000003,113 km2)
State map highlighting Dane County


Dodge County 027 Juneau 1836 unorganized Henry Dodge (1782-1867), Territorial Governor of Wisconsin 1848-1857 &1000000000008875900000088,759 &10000000000000882000000882 sq mi
(&100000000000022840000002,284 km2)
State map highlighting Dodge County


Door County 029 Sturgeon Bay 1851 Brown County A dangerous water passage near Door Peninsula known as porte des morts, or "door of the dead" in French &1000000000002778500000027,785 &10000000000000483000000483 sq mi
(&100000000000012510000001,251 km2)
State map highlighting Door County


Douglas County 031 Superior 1854 unorganized Stephen Douglas (1813-1861), United States Senator 1847-1861 &1000000000004415900000044,159 &100000000000013090000001,309 sq mi
(&100000000000033900000003,390 km2)
State map highlighting Douglas County


Dunn County 033 Menomonie 1854 Chippewa County Charles Dunn, state senator and chief justice of Wisconsin Territory &1000000000004385700000043,857 &10000000000000852000000852 sq mi
(&100000000000022070000002,207 km2)
State map highlighting Dunn County


Eau Claire County 035 Eau Claire 1856 Chippewa County City of Eau Claire, itself French for "clear water" &1000000000009873600000098,736 &10000000000000638000000638 sq mi
(&100000000000016520000001,652 km2)
State map highlighting Eau Claire County


Florence County 037 Florence (CDP) 1882 Marinette and Oconto Counties Florence Julst, the first white woman to settle in the area &100000000000044230000004,423 &10000000000000488000000488 sq mi
(&100000000000012640000001,264 km2)
State map highlighting Florence County


Fond du Lac County 039 Fond du Lac 1836 unorganized territory French for "foot of the lake" &10000000000101633000000101,633 &10000000000000723000000723 sq mi
(&100000000000018730000001,873 km2)
State map highlighting Fond du Lac County


Forest County 041 Crandon 1885 Langlade and Oconto Counties Forest which covered the area when it was settled &100000000000093040000009,304 &100000000000010140000001,014 sq mi
(&100000000000026260000002,626 km2)
State map highlighting Forest County


Grant County 043 Lancaster 1836 unorganized territory Probably a trader named Grant, who made contact with area natives in 1810, but about whom little else is known &1000000000005120800000051,208 &100000000000011480000001,148 sq mi
(&100000000000029730000002,973 km2)
State map highlighting Grant County


Green County 045 Monroe 1836 unorganized territory Nathanael Greene (1742-1786), quartermaster general during the American Revolutionary War &1000000000003684200000036,842 &10000000000000584000000584 sq mi
(&100000000000015130000001,513 km2)
State map highlighting Green County


Green Lake County 047 Green Lake 1858 Marquette District Green Lake, located within the county &1000000000001905100000019,051 &10000000000000354000000354 sq mi
(&10000000000000917000000917 km2)
State map highlighting Green Lake County


Iowa County 049 Dodgeville 1829 unorganized territory Iowa tribe of Native Americans &1000000000002368700000023,687 &10000000000000763000000763 sq mi
(&100000000000019760000001,976 km2)
State map highlighting Iowa County


Iron County 051 Hurley 1893 Ashland and Oneida Counties Local iron deposits &100000000000059160000005,916 &10000000000000757000000757 sq mi
(&100000000000019610000001,961 km2)
State map highlighting Iron County


Jackson County 053 Black River Falls 1853 La Crosse County Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), President of the United States 1829–1837 &1000000000002044900000020,449 &10000000000000987000000987 sq mi
(&100000000000025560000002,556 km2)
State map highlighting Jackson County


Jefferson County 055 Jefferson 1836 Milwaukee County Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), President of the United States (1801-1809) &1000000000008368600000083,686 &10000000000000557000000557 sq mi
(&100000000000014430000001,443 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson County


Juneau County 057 Mauston 1856 Adams County Solomon Juneau (1793-1856), founder of what would become Milwaukee &1000000000002666400000026,664 &10000000000000768000000768 sq mi
(&100000000000019890000001,989 km2)
State map highlighting Juneau County


Kenosha County 059 Kenosha 1850 Racine County A Native American word meaning "place of the pike" &10000000000166426000000166,426 &10000000000000273000000273 sq mi
(&10000000000000707000000707 km2)
State map highlighting Kenosha County


Kewaunee County 061 Kewaunee 1852 Manitowoc County Either a Potawatomi word meaning "river of the lost" or an Ojibwe word meaning "prairie hen", "wild duck" or "to go around" &1000000000002057400000020,574 &10000000000000343000000343 sq mi
(&10000000000000888000000888 km2)
State map highlighting Kewaunee County


La Crosse County 063 La Crosse 1851 unorganized territory The Native American game of lacrosse &10000000000114638000000114,638 &10000000000000453000000453 sq mi
(&100000000000011730000001,173 km2)
State map highlighting La Crosse County


Lafayette County 065 Darlington 1846 Iowa County Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (1757-1834), a French general in the American Revolutionary War &1000000000001683600000016,836 &10000000000000634000000634 sq mi
(&100000000000016420000001,642 km2)
State map highlighting Lafayette County


Langlade County 067 Antigo 1879 unorganized territory Charles de Langlade (1729 – c.1800), American Revolutionary War veteran and United States Indian Agent in Green Bay &1000000000001997700000019,977 &10000000000000873000000873 sq mi
(&100000000000022610000002,261 km2)
State map highlighting Langlade County


Lincoln County 069 Merrill 1874 Marathon County Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), President of the United States 1861-1865 &1000000000002874300000028,743 &10000000000000883000000883 sq mi
(&100000000000022870000002,287 km2)
State map highlighting Lincoln County


Manitowoc County 071 Manitowoc 1836 unorganized territory Munedoo-owk, a Ojibwe word meaning "the place of the good spirit" &1000000000008144200000081,442 &10000000000000592000000592 sq mi
(&100000000000015330000001,533 km2)
State map highlighting Manitowoc County


Marathon County 073 Wausau 1850 Portage County Marathon, Greece &10000000000134063000000134,063 &100000000000015450000001,545 sq mi
(&100000000000040020000004,002 km2)
State map highlighting Marathon County


Marinette County 075 Marinette 1879 Oconto Marie Antoinette Chevalier, Native American wife of early an fur trapper &1000000000004174900000041,749 &100000000000014020000001,402 sq mi
(&100000000000036310000003,631 km2)
State map highlighting Marinette County


Marquette County 077 Montello 1836 Marquette District Father Pere Jacques Marquette, missionary and explorer &1000000000001540400000015,404 &10000000000000456000000456 sq mi
(&100000000000011810000001,181 km2)
State map highlighting Marquette County


Menominee County 078 Keshena 1961 Menominee Indian Reservation,Shawano, and Oconto Menominee nation of Native Americans &100000000000042320000004,232 &10000000000000358000000358 sq mi
(&10000000000000927000000927 km2)
State map highlighting Menominee County


Milwaukee County 079 Milwaukee 1835 unorganized territory Mahnawaukee-Seepe, a Native American word meaning "gathering place by the river" &10000000000947735000000947,735 &10000000000000242000000242 sq mi
(&10000000000000627000000627 km2)
State map highlighting Milwaukee County


Monroe County 081 Sparta 1854 La Crosse County James Monroe (1758-1831), President of the United States 1817-1825 &1000000000004467300000044,673 &10000000000000901000000901 sq mi
(&100000000000023340000002,334 km2)
State map highlighting Monroe County


Oconto County 083 Oconto 1851 unorganized territory A Native American settlement and the Oconto River, whose name means "plentiful with fish" &1000000000003766000000037,660 &10000000000000998000000998 sq mi
(&100000000000025850000002,585 km2)
State map highlighting Oconto County


Oneida County 085 Rhinelander 1885 Lincoln County Oneida nation of Native Americans &1000000000003599800000035,998 &100000000000011250000001,125 sq mi
(&100000000000029140000002,914 km2)
State map highlighting Oneida County


Outagamie County 087 Appleton 1851 Brown County Outagamie nation of Native Americans &10000000000176695000000176,695 &10000000000000640000000640 sq mi
(&100000000000016580000001,658 km2)
State map highlighting Outagamie County


Ozaukee County 089 Port Washington 1853 Milwaukee County The Ojibwe word for the Sauk nation &1000000000008639500000086,395 &10000000000000232000000232 sq mi
(&10000000000000601000000601 km2)
State map highlighting Ozaukee County


Pepin County 091 Durand 1858 Dunn County Pierre and Jean Pepin du Chardonnets, explorers &100000000000074690000007,469 &10000000000000232000000232 sq mi
(&10000000000000601000000601 km2)
State map highlighting Pepin County


Pierce County 093 Ellsworth 1853 Saint Croix County Franklin Pierce (1804-1869), President of the United States 1853-1857 &1000000000004101900000041,019 &10000000000000576000000576 sq mi
(&100000000000014920000001,492 km2)
State map highlighting Pierce County


Polk County 095 Balsam Lake 1853 Saint Croix County James Polk (1795-1849), President of the United States (1845-1849) &1000000000004420500000044,205 &10000000000000917000000917 sq mi
(&100000000000023750000002,375 km2)
State map highlighting Polk County


Portage County 097 Stevens Point 1836 unorganized territory Passage between the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers &1000000000007001900000070,019 &10000000000000806000000806 sq mi
(&100000000000020880000002,088 km2)
State map highlighting Portage County


Price County 099 Phillips 1879 Chippewa and Lincoln Counties William T. Price, president of the Wisconsin Senate &1000000000001415900000014,159 &100000000000012530000001,253 sq mi
(&100000000000032450000003,245 km2)
State map highlighting Price County


Racine County 101 Racine 1836 unorganized territory Racine, the French word for "root", after the Root River, which flows through the county &10000000000195408000000195,408 &10000000000000333000000333 sq mi
(&10000000000000862000000862 km2)
State map highlighting Racine County


Richland County 103 Richland Center 1842 Iowa County The rich soil of the area &1000000000001802100000018,021 &10000000000000586000000586 sq mi
(&100000000000015180000001,518 km2)
State map highlighting Richland County


Rock County 105 Janesville 1836 unorganized territory Rock River, which flows through the county &10000000000160331000000160,331 &10000000000000720000000720 sq mi
(&100000000000018650000001,865 km2)
State map highlighting Rock County


Rusk County 107 Ladysmith 1901 Chippewa County Jeremiah McLain Rusk (1830-1893), Governor of Wisconsin 1882-1889 &1000000000001475500000014,755 &10000000000000913000000913 sq mi
(&100000000000023650000002,365 km2)
State map highlighting Rusk County


Sauk County 111 Baraboo 1840 unorganized territory Sauk nation of Native Americans &1000000000006197600000061,976 &10000000000000838000000838 sq mi
(&100000000000021700000002,170 km2)
State map highlighting Sauk County


Sawyer County 113 Hayward 1883 Oconto County Philetus Sawyer (1816-1900), United States Representative (1865-1875) and Senator (1881-1893) from Wisconsin &1000000000001655700000016,557 &100000000000012560000001,256 sq mi
(&100000000000032530000003,253 km2)
State map highlighting Sawyer County


Shawano County 115 Shawano 1853 Oconto County A Ojibwe word meaning "southern" &1000000000004194900000041,949 &10000000000000893000000893 sq mi
(&100000000000023130000002,313 km2)
State map highlighting Shawano County


Sheboygan County 117 Sheboygan 1836 unorganized territory Shawb-wa-way-kun, a Native American word meaning "great noise underground" &10000000000115507000000115,507 &10000000000000514000000514 sq mi
(&100000000000013310000001,331 km2)
State map highlighting Sheboygan County


Saint Croix County 109 Hudson 1840 unorganized territory An early French explorer named St. Croix, about whom little is known &1000000000008434500000084,345 &10000000000000722000000722 sq mi
(&100000000000018700000001,870 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Croix County


Taylor County 119 Medford 1875 Clark, Lincoln, Marathon and Chippewa Counties William Robert Taylor (1820-1909), Governor of Wisconsin 1874-1876 &1000000000002068900000020,689 &10000000000000975000000975 sq mi
(&100000000000025250000002,525 km2)
State map highlighting Taylor County


Trempealeau County 121 Whitehall 1854 Crawford and La Crosee Counties Trempealeau Mountain (from the French for "mountain with its foot in the water"), a bluff located in a bend of the Trempealeau River,[8] which flows through the county[6] &1000000000002881600000028,816 &10000000000000734000000734 sq mi
(&100000000000019010000001,901 km2)
State map highlighting Trempealeau County


Vernon County 123 Viroqua 1851 Richland and Crawford Counties Mount Vernon, home of George Washington &1000000000002977300000029,773 &10000000000000795000000795 sq mi
(&100000000000020590000002,059 km2)
State map highlighting Vernon County


Vilas County 125 Eagle River 1893 Oneida County William Vilas (1840-1908), officer in the Civil War, United States Postmaster General (1885-1888), United States Secretary of the Interior (1888-1889), and Senator from Wisconsin (1891-1897) &1000000000002143000000021,430 &10000000000000874000000874 sq mi
(&100000000000022640000002,264 km2)
State map highlighting Vilas County


Walworth County 127 Elkhorn 1836 unorganized territory Reuben Hyde Walworth (1788-1867), jurist from New York &10000000000102228000000102,228 &10000000000000555000000555 sq mi
(&100000000000014370000001,437 km2)
State map highlighting Walworth County


Washburn County 129 Shell Lake 1883 Burnett County Cadwallader Washburn (1818-1882), Governor of Wisconsin 1872–1874 and Representative from Wisconsin 1867–1871 &1000000000001591100000015,911 &10000000000000810000000810 sq mi
(&100000000000020980000002,098 km2)
State map highlighting Washburn County


Washington County 131 West Bend 1836 unorganized territory George Washington (1732-1799), American Revolutionary War leader (1775–1783), and first President of the United States (1789–1797) &10000000000131887000000131,887 &10000000000000431000000431 sq mi
(&100000000000011160000001,116 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County


Waukesha County 133 Waukesha 1846 Milwaukee County Waugooshance, a Pottawatomi word meaning "little foxes" &10000000000389891000000389,891 &10000000000000556000000556 sq mi
(&100000000000014400000001,440 km2)
State map highlighting Waukesha County


Waupaca County 135 Waupaca 1851 Brown and Winnebago Counties wau-pa-ka-ho-nak, a Menominee word meaning "white sand bottom" or "brave young hero" &1000000000005241000000052,410 &10000000000000751000000751 sq mi
(&100000000000019450000001,945 km2)
State map highlighting Waupaca County


Waushara County 137 Wautoma 1851 Marquette County A Native American word meaning "good earth" &1000000000002449600000024,496 &10000000000000626000000626 sq mi
(&100000000000016210000001,621 km2)
State map highlighting Waushara County


Winnebago County 139 Oshkosh 1840 unorganized territory Winnebago nation of Native Americans &10000000000166994000000166,994 &10000000000000439000000439 sq mi
(&100000000000011370000001,137 km2)
State map highlighting Winnebago County


Wood County 141 Wisconsin Rapids 1856 Portage County Joseph Wood (1809-1890), state legislator (1856-1858) &1000000000007474900000074,749 &10000000000000793000000793 sq mi
(&100000000000020540000002,054 km2)
State map highlighting Wood County

See also

References

  1. ^ Wisconsin Blue Book 2005, http://www.legis.state.wi.us/lrb/bb/05bb/744-779.pdf
  2. ^ Wisconsin Blue Book 2009, p. 752 http://www.legis.state.wi.us/lrb/bb/09bb/pdf/621-862.pdf
  3. ^ "FIPS Publish 6-4". National Institute of Standards and Technology. http://www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/fip6-4.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  4. ^ a b "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". US Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/enviro/html/codes/wy.html. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  5. ^ a b c d "NACo - Find a county". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/state.cfm&state.cfm&statecode=WI. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  6. ^ a b c "WCA : County Directory". Wisconsin Counties Association. http://www.wicounties.org/WS_County_Directory.asp. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  7. ^ a b "Wisconsin QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/maps/wisconsin_map.html. Retrieved 2008-02-11.  (2000 Census)
  8. ^ Elkins, Winston (1985). Trempealeau and the Mississippi River Dam. Trempealeau County, WI: Trempealeau County Historical Society. 

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