Stanley Cohen (biochemist)


Stanley Cohen (biochemist)

Infobox Scientist
name = Stanley Cohen (biochemist)
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caption = Stanley Cohen (biochemist)
birth_date = November 17, 1922
birth_place =
death_date =
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residence = |citizenship =
nationality = American
ethnicity =
field = biochemistry
work_institutions =
alma_mater = University of Michigan
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known_for = nerve growth factor
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prizes = Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine
religion = |footnotes = |

Stanley Cohen (born November 17, 1922) is an American biochemist and Nobel Prize Laureate in Physiology and Medicine (1986). He is a distinguished researcher and academic associated with the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, Tennessee.

He received his bachelor's degree in 1943 from Brooklyn College, where he had double-majored in chemistry and zoology. After working as a bacteriologist at a milk processing plant to earn money, he received his M.A. in zoology from Oberlin College in 1945. He earned a Ph.D. from the department of biochemistry at the University of Michigan in 1948.

Working with Rita Levi-Montalcini (co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in 1986) at Washington University in St. Louis in the 1950s, Cohen isolated nerve growth factor and then went on to discover epidermal growth factor. He continued his research on cellular growth factors after moving to Vanderbilt University in 1959. His research on cellular growth factors has proven fundamental to understanding the development of cancer and designing anti-cancer drugs.

Cohen also received the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Rita Levi-Montalcini in 1983 and the National Medal of Science in 1986.

References

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Raju
first=T N
authorlink=
year=2000|month=Feb.
title=The Nobel chronicles. 1986: Stanley Cohen (b 1922); Rita Levi-Montalcini (b 1909)
journal=Lancet
volume=355
issue=9202
pages=506
publisher= |location = ENGLAND| issn = 0140-6736| pmid = 10841166
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Shampo
first=M A
authorlink=
coauthors=Kyle R A
year=1999|month=Jun.
title=Stanley Cohen--Nobel laureate for growth factor
journal=Mayo Clin. Proc.
volume=74
issue=6
pages=600
publisher= |location = UNITED STATES| issn = 0025-6196| pmid = 10377936
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Weltman
first=J K
authorlink=
year=|month=
title=The 1986 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine awarded for discovery of growth factors: Rita Levi-Montalcini, M.D., and Stanley Cohen, Ph.D
journal=N Engl Reg Allergy Proc
volume=8
issue=1
pages=47-8
publisher= |location = UNITED STATES| issn = 0742-2814| pmid = 3302667
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

External links

* [http://almaz.com/nobel/medicine/1986a.html Stanley Cohen Nobel link]
* [http://www.cumc.columbia.edu/horwitz/ The Official Site of Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize]


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