- Speedball (drug)
Speedballing (alternatively known as snowballing) is a term commonly referring to the
intravenoususe of heroin or morphine and cocainetogether in the same needle. The combination is also known as moonrocks when smoked. This is a potentially lethal concoction: the cocaine acts as a stimulant, raising the pulse, but its effects wear off more quickly than those of either heroinor morphine, which in turn slow the heart down. As a result, it is possible to experience a delayed " overdose" (technically, severe respiratory depression) when the stimulant wears off and the full effects of the morphine are felt in isolation.
The invention of the speedball is variously attributed to
Harry K. Thawcirca 1900, followers of Sigmund Freudin the late 19th Century, Beatniksin the 1950s, an obscure and long-forgotten pharmacist or battlefield medic as long as 150 years ago, or American soldiers returning from the Vietnam War.
Stimulants are used clinically to combat somnolence created by large and/or rapidly increasing doses of opioid analgesics and/or potentiate the effect of the opioid, with
Methylphenidatebeing the most commonly used. In the past, pharmaceuticals containing both cocaine and morphine or heroin were on the market, such as Trivalin, specifically the product distributed under that name up until the 1930s or shortly thereafter which contained the valerate salts of morphine, cocaine, and caffeine.
Sometimes, other combinations of stimulants and depressants are referred to as speedballs, such as the use of
amphetaminesin conjunction with other opiateslike hydromorphone, dihydrocodeine, oxycodoneand others, benzodiazepinesor barbiturates. Methylphenidateand hydrocodoneis known as "kiddy speedball". Vodka Red Bullis sometimes referred to as a "speedball cocktail" since it contains the alcohol depressant and the caffeine stimulant. An oral or insufflated combination of depressants or opiates and stimulants is more properly called a "set up."
Speedball use in popular culture
Speedball use was a contributor to the cause of several high-profile deaths, including those of
Hillel Slovak, Brent Mydland, John Belushi, Chris Farley, Layne Staley, River Phoenix, Mitch Hedberg, Eric Show, Zac Foley, and Jean-Michel Basquiat.Fact|date=September 2007.
In the book,
The Dirt, Mötley Crüebassist Nikki Sixxadmits he did speedballs shortly after starting heroin, a practice that caused him to vomit.
In his autobiography, Slash admits that he often injected heroin and cocaine when he was the guitarist with
Guns N' Roses, sometimes speedballing. Dave Mustaineof Megadethand Anthony Kiedisof The Red Hot Chili Peppersalso admitted to speedballing. Both musicians are now clean.
Speedball is the cause of the overdose of Ziegler's prostitute at the beginning of the film "
Eyes Wide Shut".
Poly drug use
* U.S. Office of National Drug Policy, [http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/drugfact/pulsechk/summer98/speed.html National Trends in Drug Abuse Summer 1998, Special Section: Speedballing]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Speedball (disambiguation) — Speedball is one of several game types of the sport of paintball.Speedball may also refer to:In sports:*Speedball (sport), a combination of European handball and soccer; *Speedball (paintball), a type of paintball game played on a small field… … Wikipedia
Speedball (droga) — El speedball, también llamada powerball, es el término con el que comúnmente se conoce al uso combinado de heroína y cocaína en una misma jeringa para posteriormente usarla por vía intravenosa. La cocaína actúa como un estimulante, mientras… … Wikipedia Español
drug — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. medicine, physic, elixir, preparation, prescription, remedy; narcotic, dope; white elephant, a drug on the market. v. narcotize, dope; medicate, dose; knock out, put to sleep. See insensibility,… … English dictionary for students
speedball — n a combination of stimulant and depres sant (e.g. heroin and cocaine) for injec tion. The word arose among hard drug users of the 1940s in the USA. By the 1980s it was also used to designate var ious other concoctions including those taken… … Contemporary slang
Poly drug use — Classification and external resources ICD 10 F19 Polydrug use refers to the use of two or more psychoactive drugs in combination to achieve a particular effect. In many cases one drug is used as a base or primary drug, with additional drugs to… … Wikipedia
Combined drug intoxication — (CDI), also known as multiple drug intake (MDI) or lethal polydrug/polypharmacy intoxication, is an unnatural cause of human death. While it is sometimes reported as a simple overdose , it is distinct in that it is due to the simultaneous use of… … Wikipedia
List of drug-related deaths — The following is a list of notable people who have died from drug related causes. Criteria for inclusion are death from overdose, death from organ failure/illness due to or exacerbated by drug use, or death from suicide/misadventure under the… … Wikipedia
Snowball (disambiguation) — Snowball may refer to:* Snowball, a ball of snow usually made by compacting snow with the hands * Snowball programming language, computing * Snowball, Ontario, a community in the province of Ontario, Canada * Snowball (Hurricane Katrina dog), the … Wikipedia
1996 in heavy metal music — This is a timeline documenting the events of heavy metal in the year 1996.Newly formed bands* American Head Charge * Arch Enemy * Control Denied * Decapitated * God Forbid * Gojira * Lordi * Mudvayne * Nightwish * Samsas Traum * Sonata Arctica *… … Wikipedia
List of street names of drugs — This is a list of street names of commonly used recreational drugs. Such names vary according to location, and tend to change over time. Many names are used to describe several different recreational drugs. Contents 1 List of street names of… … Wikipedia