Quechan


Quechan

:"Not to be confused with Quechua, South American language."

The Quechan (also Yuma, Yuman, Kwtsan, Kwtsaan) are a Native American tribe who live on the Fort Yuma Reservation on the lower Colorado River in Arizona just north of the border with Mexico. The Quechan are one of the Yuman tribes. Yuman is derived from the old name for the tribe, Yuma. The reservation is a part of their traditional lands. Established in 1884, the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation has a land area of 178.197 km² (68.802 sq mi) in southeastern Imperial County, California, and western Yuma County, Arizona, near the city of Yuma, Arizona.

History

The first important contact of the Quechan with Europeans was with the Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza and his party in the winter of 1774. Relations were friendly and on Anza's return from his second trip to Alta California in 1776 the chief of the tribe and three others journeyed to Mexico City to petition the Viceroy of New Spain for the establishment of a mission. The chief, Palma and his 3 companions were baptized there on February 13, 1777. Palma was given the name Salvador Carlos Antonio.

Spanish settlement among the Quechan did not go as well as hoped and the tribe rebelled from July 17–19, 1781 and killed 4 priests and 30 soldiers. The Spanish mission settlements of San Pedro y San Pablo de Bicuñer and Puerto de Purísima Concepción were also decimated. The tribe was punished militarily the following year.

The United States engaged the Yuma Indians in warfare during the Yuma Expedition, which was one of many Indian Wars that took place before the American Civil War. The California state government also sponsored the ill fated 1857 Gila Expedition against the Quechan in retribution for the revenge massacre of the John Joel Glanton gang.

Population

Estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in California have varied substantially (see population of Native California). Alfred L. Kroeber (1925:883) put the 1770 population of the Quechan at 2,500. Jack D. Forbes (1965:341-343) compiled historical estimates and suggested that before they were first contacted the Quechan had numbered 4,000 or a few more.

Kroeber estimated the population of the Quechan in 1910 as 750. By 1950, there were reported to be just under 1,000 Quechan living on the reservation and another 1,100+ off it (Forbes 1965:343). The 2000 census reported a resident population of 2,376 persons on the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, only 56.8 percent of whom were of solely Native American heritage, and more than 27 percent of whom were white.

ee also

* Quechan traditional narratives
* Quechan language

References


* Forbes, Jack D. 1965. "Warriors of the Colorado: The Yumas of the Quechan Nation and Their Neighbors". University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
* Kroeber, A. L. 1925. "Handbook of the Indians of California". Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D.C.
* [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-CONTEXT=dt&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_P001&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_P003&-tree_id=4001&-transpose=N&-redoLog=false&-all_geo_types=Y&-geo_id=25000US1280&-geo_id=27000US128004027&-geo_id=27000US128006025&-search_results=25000US1280&-_showChild=Y&-format=&-_lang=en&-show_geoid=Y Yuma Reservation, California/Arizona] United States Census Bureau

External links

*http://www.itcaonline.com/tribes_quechan.html (Tribal Council Web Site)
*http://www.anthro.mankato.msus.edu/cultural/northamerica/yuma.html


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quechan — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Los quechan, también conocidos como yuma, son una tribu india del grupo de lenguas yumano cochimíes. Su nombre proviene posiblemente de un error de comprensión del término yamahyo “hijo del jefe”, ya que ellos se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quechan —   [kɛtʃ ], Indianergruppe in den USA, Yuma …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Quechan — Reservate der Quechan (Yuma) und benachbarter Stämme im Südwesten der Vereinigten Staaten Qu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quechan — Quechans Les Quechan (aussi Yuma, Yuman, Kwtsan, Kwtsaan) sont une tribu amérindienne qui vit sur la Fort Yuma Reservation (réserve) sur la partie avale du fleuve Colorado en Arizona juste au nord de la frontière du Mexique. Les Quechan sont une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quechan — Que·chan (kĕchʹən) n. See Yuma1.   [Yuma kʷaćȧn, those who descended (from the sacred mountain of creation).] * * * …   Universalium

  • Quechan — noun a) A Native American people from Arizona; the Yuma b) The language of this people …   Wiktionary

  • Quechan — ISO 639 3 Code : yum ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Quechan traditional narratives — include myths, legends, tales, and oral histories preserved by the Quechan (Yuma) people of the lower Colorado River area of southeastern California, southwestern Arizona, and northeastern Baja California.The Southern California Creation Myth is… …   Wikipedia

  • Quechan language — language name=Quechan / Yuma nativename=Kwtsaan familycolor=American states=USA region=California, Arizona speakers=150 (1994) iso3=yum fam1=Hokan fam2=Esselen Yuman fam3=Yuman fam4=River YumanQuechan, also known as Yuma (and not to be confused… …   Wikipedia

  • Yavapai people — Yavapai An early 20th century Yavapai basket bowl woven of willow and reed Total population …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.