- Andriy Livytskyi
Андрій Миколайович Лівицький
order= 1st President of UPR in exile
death_date=death date and age|1954|1|17|1879|4|9|df=y
Andriy Mykolaiovych Livytskyi ( _uk. Андрій Миколайович Лівицький) (
9 April, 1879in Lyplyavo in the Russian Empire(now Ukraine) [The area where Andriy Livytskyi was born was in the Zolotonoshsky Uyezd of the Poltava Governorate, now the Cherkasy Oblastof central Ukraine.] — 17 January, 1954in Karlsruhe, Germany) was best known as the president of the Ukrainian People's Republic in exile (1926-1954).
Andriy Livytskyi was born on
9 April, 1879in Lyplyavo, Russian Empire("now Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine") into an old Cossackfamily. He finished the "Gymnasium of Pavlo Halahana" in Kiev, and later went on to study at the mathematical and juridical faculties of the St. Volodymyr Kiev University in 1896. After obtaining his university diploma in 1903, he served in the LubnyCircuit Court, and then, since 1905, he was a barrister of the KharkivCourt Chamber, and in 1913–1917 an elected judge of Zolotonoshskyi Raion in the Poltava Governorate. In his studential years, he took part in the Ukrainian independence movement, heading the one of the organization's bases in Kiev. In 1897 and 1899 he was held in the Lukianivska Prison in Kiev for participation in protests. He was expelled from the university and exiled to Poltava Governorate "under the secret surveillance of police" for taking part in the student's strike of 1899.
From 1901, he belonged to the Revolutionary Party of Ukraine, heading the party in its headquarters in Lubny. Since 1917, he was a member of the Tsentralna Rada ("Central Rada") and the "Peasant Union". In the period of the
Hetmanate(1918), he was a member of the Ukrainian National Union, in opposition to the government of Pavlo Skoropadskyi. In the time of the Directorate of Ukraine, he was one of the founders of the party, "Labour Congress of Ukraine". He was the Minister of Justice and the deputy of the "Rada of National Ministers of the UPR" in 1919, the head of the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the government of Ivan MazepaThis Ivan Mazepa is not to be confused with Ivan Mazepa, a Cossack Hetmanin the 17th-18th centuries.] in 1919, and from October 14to November 18, 1920– a Prime Minister of the Ukrainian People's Republic.
Since October 1919, he was in the delegation of Ukrainian diplomats in
Warsaw, where he was working on the formation of the Ukrainian-Polish agreement, which was signed in 1920. After the defeat of Ukrainian nationalistic-independence movement, he was forced to emigrate. From 1920-1948, he was the head of the government of the Ukrainian People's Republic ("UPR") in exile. After Symon Petliura's assassination, he became the head of the Directorate of Ukraine and assumed the post of the "Chief Otaman" of the Ukrainian People's Republic Army in exile in 1926.
Since that time to the time of his death, he headed the government of the UPR. He lived in Warsaw under constant watch of the
Polish Police. After the end of World War II, Livytskyi had goals of consolidating his political activities, and reorganizing the government of the UPR in exile, which its first session was opened on July 16, 1948in Augsburg, Germany. In cooperation with Ivan Mazepa,This Ivan Mazepa is not to be confused with Ivan Mazepa, a Cossack Hetmanin the 17th-18th centuries.] he created the "Ukrainian National Rada" in exile in 1948.
He died on
17 January, 1954in Karlsruhe, Germany, and was later buried in a cemetery in Munichand later his ashes were transferred to Ukrainian Memorial Cemetery in Bound Brook in the vicinity of New York City, United States.
* [http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/fpu/Exhib/Livytski_A.htm nbuv.gov.ua] - Biography of "Andrey Nikolaevich Livitsky" uk icon
* [http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/en/publish/article?art_id=1314726&cat_id=1290620 kmu.gov.ua] - Another biography of "Andriy Mykolaiovych Livytskyi". Available [http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/uk/publish/article?art_id=1228330&cat_id=661216 in Ukrainian]
* [http://proekt-wms.narod.ru/states/livicky-an.htm proekt-wms.narod.ru] - Biograph about "Andrey Nikolaevich Livitsky" ru icon
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mykola Livytskyi — Микола Лівицький 3rd President of UPR in exile In office March 22, 1967 – December 8, 1989 Preceded by … Wikipedia
President of Ukraine — Президент України … Wikipedia
List of Prime Ministers of Ukraine — Ukraine This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Ukraine … Wikipedia
Stepan Vytvytskyi — Infobox President|name=Stepan Vytvytskyi Степан Витвицький nationality=Ukrainian small order= 2nd President of UPR in exile term start=January, 1954 term end=October, 1965 predecessor=Andriy Livytskyi successor=Mykola Livytskyi birth date=birth… … Wikipedia
Mykola Plaviuk — Микола Плав юк 4th President of the Ukrainian People s Republic in exile In office December 8, 1989 – August 22, 1992 Preceded by Mykola Livytskyi … Wikipedia
Nikita Khrushchev — Khrushchev redirects here. For other people with this surname, see Khrushchev (surname). Nikita Khrushchev Никита Хрущёв … Wikipedia
Ministry of Justice (Ukraine) — Ministry of Justice of Ukraine Міністерство юстиції України Agency overview Formed 1990 Preceding agencies *Ministry of Justice of the Ukrainian SSR (1947 1963) *Legal commission of the Council of Ministers (1963 1970) *Ministry of Justice of the … Wikipedia
Nikolai Podgorny — Podgorny redirects here. For other uses, see Podgorny (disambiguation). Nikolai Podgorny Николай Подгорный Podgorny at the 1963 East Germa … Wikipedia
Mykhailo Hrushevskyi — Mykhailo Hrushevsky Михайло Грушевський Mykhailo Hrushevsky President of the Central Rada In office March 4, 1917 – April 29, 1918 … Wikipedia
Dmitry Manuilsky — Dmitriy Manuilsky Дмитро Захарович Мануїльський Leader of Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine In office December 15, 1921 – April 10, 1923 Preceded by … Wikipedia