Districts of Serbia


Districts of Serbia
Districts of Serbia.

Districts (Serbian: Окрузи, Okruzi), officially called administrative districts (управни окрузи, upravni okruzi) are the administrative units of Serbia, comprising several municipalities and/or cities each. They are defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992. Districts are regional centers of state authority and they do not have any form of self-government. They run affairs in the name of the Government.

There are 29 districts in Serbia (7 in Vojvodina, 17 in Central Serbia and 5 in Kosovo[a]). The only part of Serbia that is not part of any district is the territory of the City of Belgrade which has a special status, very similar to that of a district. Every districts has its seat in the largest city of the district.

Contents

Term

The slavic word okrug (округ) denotes administrative subdivision in some states. Its etymology is similar to the German Kreis, circle (in the meaning of administrative division) (although translated in German as Bezirk): okrug is literally something "encircling". In the subdivisions of Serbia, the term is translated as district, sometimes as county.

Definition

The territorial organisation of Serbia is regulated by the Law on Territorial Organization, adopted by the National Assembly on 29 December 2007.[1] According to the Law, the territorial organization of the republic comprises municipalities and cities, the City of Belgrade with special status, and autonomous provinces. Districts are not mentioned in this law but are defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992. They are defined as the districts as "regional centers of state authority", enacting affairs run by the relevant Ministries.

Serbia is divided into 29 districts (17 in Central Serbia, 7 in Vojvodina and 5 in Kosovo), plus the City of Belgrade.[2] The City of Belgrade is not part of any district, but has a special status very similar to that of a district.

Districts of Kosovo

Serbian laws treat Kosovo as integral part of Serbia (Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija). The Enactment defines five districts on the territory of Kosovo.[1] But, since 1999, Kosovo is under United Nations' administration of UNMIK. In 2000, the UNMIK administration changed territorial organisation on the territory of Kosovo. All five districts were abolished, and seven new districts were created. Serbian government does not recognize this move, and accepts only five pre-2000 districts.

List of districts

Districts in Central Serbia

Districts in Central Serbia.
District Seat Area
in km²
Population
in 2011 (rank)
Population
per km²
Municipalities and cities Settlements
Bor District
(Borski okrug)
Borski okrug.PNG
Bor 3,507 123,848 35.3 90
Braničevo District
(Braničevski okrug)
Braničevski okrug.PNG
Požarevac 3,865 180,480 46.7 189
Jablanica District
(Jablanički okrug)
Jablanički okrug.PNG
Leskovac 2,769 215,463 77.8 336
Kolubara District
(Kolubarski okrug)
Kolubarski okrug.PNG
Valjevo 2,474 174,228 70.4 218
Mačva District
(Mačvanski okrug)
Mačvanski okrug.PNG
Šabac 3,268 297,778 91.1 228
Moravica District
(Moravički okrug)
Moravički okrug.PNG
Čačak 3,016 212,149 70.3 206
Nišava District
(Nišavski okrug)
Nišavski okrug.PNG
Niš 2,729 373,404 136.8 285
Pčinja District
(Pčinjski okrug)
Pčinjski okrug.PNG
Vranje 3,520 158,717 45.1 363
Pirot District
(Pirotski okrug)
Pirotski okrug.PNG
Pirot 2,761 92,277 33.4 214
Podunavlje District
(Podunavski okrug)
Podunavski okrug.PNG
Smederevo 1,248 198,184 158.8 58
Pomoravlje District
(Pomoravski okrug)
Pomoravski okrug.PNG
Jagodina 2,614 212,839 84.8 191
Rasina District
(Rasinski okrug)
Rasinski okrug.PNG
Kruševac 2,667 240,463 90.2 296
Raška District
(Raški okrug)
Raški okrug.PNG
Kraljevo 3,918 300,102 76.6 359
Šumadija District
(Šumadijski okrug)
Šumadijski okrug.PNG
Kragujevac 2,387 290,900 121.8 174
Toplica District
(Toplički okrug)
Toplički okrug.PNG
Prokuplje 2,231 90,600 40.6 267
Zaječar District
(Zaječarski okrug)
Zaječarski okrug.PNG
Zaječar 3,623 118,295 32.6 173
Zlatibor District
(Zlatiborski okrug)
Zlatiborski okrug.PNG
Užice 6,140 284,729 46.4 438

Districts in Vojvodina

Districts in Vojvodina.
District Seat Area
in km²
Population
in 2002 (rank)
Population
per km²
Municipalities and cities Settlements
Central Banat District
(Srednjebanatski okrug)
Srednjebanatski okrug.PNG
Zrenjanin 3,256 208,456 64.0 55
North Bačka District
(Severnobački okrug)
Severnobački okrug.PNG
Subotica 1,784 200,140 112.2 45
North Banat District
(Severnobanatski okrug)
Severnobanatski okrug.PNG
Kikinda 2,329 165,881 71.2 50
South Bačka District
(Južnobački okrug)
Južnobački okrug.PNG
Novi Sad 4,016 593,666 147.8 77
South Banat District
(Južnobanatski okrug)
Južnobanatski okrug.PNG
Pančevo 4,245 313,937 73.6 94
Srem District
(Sremski okrug)
Sremski okrug.PNG
Sremska Mitrovica 3,486 335,901 96.4 109
West Bačka District
(Zapadnobački okrug)
Zapadnobački okrug.PNG
Sombor 2,420 214,011 88.4 37

Districts in Kosovo and Metohija

Districts in Kosovo and Metohia.

Five of Serbian Districts are on the territory of Kosovo, comprising 28 municipalities and 1 city. In 2000, UNMIK created 7 new districts[citation needed] and 30 municipalities. Serbia does not exercise sovereignty over this polity. For the UNMIK districts and the districts of Kosovo, see Districts of Kosovo.

District Seat Population
in 2002 (rank)
Municipalities and cities
Kosovo District
(Kosovski okrug)
Kosovski okrug.PNG
Pristina 672,292
Kosovo-Pomoravlje District
(Kosovsko-Pomoravski okrug)
Kosovsko-Pomoravski okrug.PNG
Gnjilane 217,726
Kosovska Mitrovica District
(Kosovskomitrovički okrug)
Kosovskomitrovički okrug.PNG
Kosovska Mitrovica 275,904
Peć District
(Pećki okrug)
Pećki okrug.PNG
Peć 414,187
Prizren District
(Prizrenski okrug)
Prizrenski okrug.PNG
Prizren 376,085

Notes and references

Notes
a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, while Serbia claims it as part of its own sovereign territory. Its independence is recognised by 85 UN member states.
References

See also


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