Infobox Russian city
Skyline=Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky at night.jpg
Charter of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
FoundationDate=October 17, 1740
Event1Date=April 9, 1812
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky ( _ru. Петропа́вловск-Камча́тский) is the main city and the administrative, industrial, scientific, and cultural center of
Kamchatka Krai( Russia). Population: 198,028 (2002 Census); 268,747 (1989 Census). Ethnic Russiansand Ukrainiansmake up majority of population. The city itself is home to more people than its neighboring regions Magadan Oblastand Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.
The city is situated on high hills and surrounded by volcanoes. In fact, the horizon cannot be seen clearly from any point of town as
volcanoes and mountains are everywhere. Across Avacha Bayfrom the city is Russia's largest submarine base, the Rybachiy Nuclear Submarine Base, (location and satellite photos: coord|52.92|N|158.49|E|) established during Soviet times and still used by the Russian Navy. [http://www.nti.org/db/nisprofs/russia/naval/nucflt/pacflt/rybachiy.htm]
Petropavlovsk city was founded by Russian explorer
Vitus Bering. Bering reached Avacha Bayin 1740 and laid the foundation stone for the harbor town. He named the new place "Petropavlovsk" (Peter + Paul) after his two ships, the "St. Peter" and the "St. Paul", built in Okhotskfor his second expedition.
During the 1854–1855
Crimean War, the city's fortress held out during the siege by the Anglo-French forces and never fell.
Petropavlovsk was a great source of fish (particularly
salmon) and crabmeat for the Soviet Unionin the 20th century; however, since the end of the Soviet era fishing rights have been granted to foreign interests.
climateis maritime(Köppen "Dfc") and precipitation averages are estimated at mm to in|860, or about three times as much as average in Siberia, with most falling as snow. Temperatures in winter are milder than in Siberia—a typical January day averages C to F|-7.3, while in summer C to F|20 constitutes an average July maximum.
The city has developed a tourist infrastructure. About twenty large tourism companies offer a wide range of services from bear hunting to paragliding. No roads connect the Kamchatka Peninsula to the rest of the world. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is the second largest city in the world that cannot be reached by
roadafter Iquitos, Peru. Travel to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is expensive but is growing in popularity because of the remarkable scenery throughout the peninsula. The city is served by Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport.
Russian Pacific Fleet
* [http://www.kamforum.ru/ Community of Kamchatka] ru icon
* [http://photo.kamforum.ru/ Photos of Kamchatka] ru icon
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