Antigone


Antigone

:"This article is about the daughter of Oedipus. For the daughter of Eurytion, see Antigone (daughter of Eurytion). For other uses, see Antigone (disambiguation)."

Antigone (pronEng|ænˈtɪɡəni; Greek "Ἀντιγόνη") is the name of two different women in Greek mythology. The name may be taken to mean "unbending", coming from "anti-" (against, opposed to) and "-gon / -gony" (corner, bend, angle; ex: polygon), but has also been suggested to mean "opposed to motherhood" or "in place of a mother" based from the root "gone", "that which generates" (related: "gonos", "-gony"; seed, semen).

Classical depictions

Antigone is the daughter of the accidentally incestuous marriage between King Oedipus of Thebes and his mother Jocasta (thus, Antigone is also her father Oedipus's half-sister and, through her father, her mother Jocasta's granddaughter). She is the subject of a popular story in which she attempts to secure a respectable burial for her brother Polyneices, even though he was a traitor to Thebes.

In the oldest version of the story, the funeral of Polyneices takes place during Oedipus's reign in Thebes. However, in the best-known versions, Sophocles's tragedies "Oedipus at Colonus" and "Antigone", it occurs in the years after Oedipus's banishment and death, and Antigone has to struggle against Creon. Sophocles' "Antigone" ends in disaster, and Creon's son Haemon (or Haimon), who loved Antigone, kills himself. (Also see Oedipus for a variant of this story.) Queen Eurydice, wife of King Creon, also kills herself at the end of the story due to seeing such actions allowed by her husband. She had been forced to knit throughout the entire story and her death alludes to Greek Mythology's 3 Fates.

The dramatist Euripides also wrote a play called "Antigone", which is lost, but some of the text was preserved by later writers and in passages in his "Phoenissae". In Euripides, the calamity is averted by the intercession of Dionysus and is followed by the marriage of Antigone and Haemon.

Different elements of the legend appear in other places. A description of an ancient painting by Philostratus ("Imag." ii. 29) refers to Antigone placing the body of Polynices on the funeral pyre, and this is also depicted on a sarcophagus in the Villa Pamfili in Rome. And in Hyginus' version of the legend, founded apparently on a tragedy by some follower of Euripides, Antigone, on being handed over by Creon to her lover Haemon to be slain, is secretly carried off by him and concealed in a shepherd's hut, where she bears him a son, Maeon. When the boy grows up, he attends some funeral games at Thebes, and is recognized by the mark of a dragon on his body. This leads to the discovery that Antigone is still alive. The demi-god Heracles then intercedes, pleading in vain with Creon for Haemon, who slew both Antigone and himself to escape his father's vengeance. This intercession by Heracles is also represented on a painted vase. (Heydermann, "Über eine nacheuripideische Antigone", 1868).

Adaptations

The story of Antigone has been a popular subject for books, plays, and other works, including:
* "Antigone", one of the three Theban plays by Sophocles (495 BC - 406 BC) - The most famous adaptation
* "Antigone", play by Jean Cocteau (1889-1963)
* "Antigone", full-length album by Heaven Shall Burn (2004)
* "Antigone", opera by Carl Orff (1895-1982)
* "Antigone", play by Jean Anouilh (1910-1987)
* "Antigone-Legend", for soprano and piano (text by Bertolt Brecht), by Frederic Rzewski (b. 1938)
* "Antigone", opera by Mikis Theodorakis (b. 1925)
* "Antigone" (1990/1991), opera by Ton de Leeuw (b. 1926)
* "Antígona Furiosa" (Furious Antigone), play by Griselda Gambaro (b. 1928)
* "The Island", play by Athol Fugard (b. 1932)
* "La Pasión Según Antígona Pérez" (The Passion of Antigone Pérez), adaptation of Sophocles by Puerto Rican writer Luis Rafael Sánchez (b. 1936), updated to 20th century Latin America
* "Tegonni, An African Antigone" by Femi Osofisan (b. 1946)
* "Antigone", adaptation of Sophocles' play by Peruvian poet José Watanabe (b. 1946)
* "Antigone", opera by Mark Alburger (b. 1957)
* "Antigone" play by Andy Wibbels (b. 1975)
* "Antigone", comic book by David Hopkins (b. 1977)
* "Antigone" by Henry Bauchau
* "The Burial At Thebes" by Seamus Heaney
* "The Burial At Thebes" opera by Dominique Le Gendre to a libretto by Seamus Heaney
* "Governing Alice" by C. Denby Swanson
* "Echo Boom" by Caitlin Montanye Parrish
* "Dear Antigone" a song by The Breathing Process

References

*

External links

* [http://www.mala.bc.ca/~johnstoi/sophocles/antigone.htm "Antigone" full English translation by Ian Johnston]
* G.Theodoridis. Full translation: [http://bacchicstage.com/]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • ANTIGONE — Issue de l’union maudite, parce qu’incestueuse, d’Œdipe et de Jocaste, elle porte bien son nom (du grec Antigonê ), celle que sa piété familiale condamnera à une mort atroce sans époux ni descendance, au terme d’une courte vie toute de malheur,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Antigone — {{Antigone}} Tochter des Oidipus** und der Iokaste**, Schwester der Ismene, des Eteokles* und Polyneikes*. Antigone begleitet mit Ismene ihren blinden Vater in die Verbannung, findet Zuflucht in Kolonos bei Athen und wird von Theseus* befreit,… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Antigone — Antigone,   griechischer Mythos: Tochter des Ödipus und der Iokaste, begleitete ihren Vater in die Verbannung (Tragödie des Sophokles: »Ödipus auf Kolonos«) und kehrte später nach Theben zurück. Gegen Kreons Verbot bestattete sie ihren im Kampf… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Antigone — Antigone, myth., Tochter des Oedipus und der Jokasta, Schwester des Eteokles, des Polynices und der Ismene, begrub gegen Kreons Gebot den vor Theben getödteten Polynices und wurde darum von demselben verurtheilt, lebendig begraben zu werden. Sie… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Antigone — ANTIGŎNE, es, Gr. Ἀντιγόνη, ης, (⇒ Tab. XXII.) des Oedipus und der Iokasta Tochter, folgete ihrem Vater ins Elend nach, als er nach seiner erkannten begangenen Blutschande sich selbst die Augen ausstach, und so wohl sein Reich, als Vaterland,… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Antigone — f Classical name in occasional modern use. In Greek mythology Antigone was a daughter of Oedipus by his accidental incestuous marriage to his own mother, Jocasta. She tended her father as he wandered through Greece, blinded, disgraced, and… …   First names dictionary

  • Antigone —    Drame de George Tzavellas, d après l œuvre de Sophocle, avec Irène Papas, Manos Katrakis.   Pays: Grèce   Date de sortie: 1961   Technique: noir et blanc   Durée: 1 h 30    Résumé    Adaptation fidèle de la tragédie antique. Antigone donnera… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Antigone — [an tig′ə nē΄] n. [L < Gr Antigonē] Gr. Myth. a daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta: she defies the king of Thebes, Creon, by performing funeral rites for her brother, Polynices …   English World dictionary

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