Point Reyes Lighthouse


Point Reyes Lighthouse

Infobox Lighthouse



caption = Point Reyes Light
location = Point Reyes, California
coordinates = coord|37.9957|N|123.02327|W
yearlit = 1870
automated = 1975
foundation = Concrete
construction = Cast Iron with Brick Lining
shape = 16-sided Pyramidal
height = 35 ft (10.6 m)
marking = white with red roof
lens = First order Fresnel lens rotating, 1870
range = 24 mi.
elevation = 265 ft.
characteristic = white flash every 5 s
admiralty = G4356
ARLHS = USA-636
USCG = 6-0385
Infobox_nrhp | name =Point Reyes Light Station
nrhp_type = hd


caption =
nearest_city= Point Reyes, California
lat_degrees = 37
lat_minutes = 59
lat_seconds = 51
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 123
long_minutes = 0
long_seconds = 59
long_direction = W
locmapin = California
area =
built =1870
architect= Marston, Phineas F.
architecture= Other
added = September 03, 1991cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2008-04-15|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
governing_body = COAST GUARD
mpsub=Light Stations of California MPS
refnum=91001100

The Point Reyes Lighthouse, also known as Point Reyes Light or the Point Reyes Light Station, is a lighthouse in the Gulf of the Farallones on Point Reyes in Marin County, California, U.S.A.

History

A lighthouse was assigned to Point Reyes in 1855, but construction was delayed for fifteen years because of a dispute between the United States Lighthouse Board and the landowners over a fair price for the land. The lighthouse is a sixteen sided, 37 foot tower, a twin of Cape Mendocino Light. The first-order Fresnel lens was first lit on December 1, 1870. Electricity came to the lighthouse in 1938, and concrete steps were built into the cliff in 1939. The station was automated in 1975.

The following historical information from March 1962 is maintained on the USCG web site:

Point Reyes Light Station was established in 1870 at Point Reyes, Calif., 19 miles (31 km) from the nearest town of Inverness. It is a family station with a complement of four men who maintain a first order light, fog signal and radio beacon. The light tower itself is a sixteen-sided structure of forged iron plate (the original tower) bolted to solid rock. The top of the lantern is 37 feet (11 m) above the ground and focal plane of the light is 294 feet (90 m) above sea level. To reach the light, men assigned must descend 304 steps on the headland from the plateau above the station where the family quarters are situated. The quarters are new, two-story, four-family units (four-plex) built in 1960. The four-plex contains two 2-bedroom and two 3-bedroom units. Buildings maintained on the property, in addition to the family quarters, are the fog signal building, engine room, pump house, paint locker, double garage and a four-car carport with adjoining office and work shop.
Point Reyes is, by official records, the windiest and foggiest on the Pacific Coast. The station is frequently blanketed by week-long periods of fog and few years pass that do not see violent gales of 75 to 100 mph (121 - 161 km/h) strike the area. Point Reyes Light Station is one of the District’s outstanding tourist attractions. On fair summer weekends we often have several hundred visitors logged aboard. Escorting visitors has become a major portion of the duties of men assigned. Dependent children on the station travel three miles (five kilometers) by station vehicle to school. Commissary and post exchange privileges are available at Hamilton Air Force Base (the nearest armed forces installation), or in the San Francisco area. [cite web
url=http://www.uscg.mil/history/weblighthouses/LHCA.asp
title = California Light Stations (Point Reyes Light)
publisher = United States Coast Guard
accessdate= 2008-08-13
]

The lighthouse was used as a location for the 1980 John Carpenter film The Fog.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2008-04-15|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]

ee also

*Point Reyes Lifeboat Station, also listed on the National Register

References

*cite web
url = http://www.charts.noaa.gov/OnLineViewer/18647.shtml
title = Chart 18647: United States - West Coast - Drakes Bay
publisher = NOAA Office of Coast Survey
accessdate= 2008-06-03

External links

* [http://unfutz.blogspot.com/2006/09/friday-photography-lighthouse.html photo from inside the lighthouse]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/Pt._Reyes_Lighthouse A short video of Pt. Reyes Light Station] , Public Domain, archive.org.


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