Laxton, Nottinghamshire


Laxton, Nottinghamshire

infobox UK place
country = England
latitude= 53.19862
longitude= -0.92807
official_name= Laxton
population =
shire_district= Newark and Sherwood
shire_county = Nottinghamshire
region= East Midlands
constituency_westminster= Newark
post_town= NEWARK
postcode_district = NG22
postcode_area= NG
dial_code=
os_grid_reference= SK717673

Laxton is a small village in the civil parish of Laxton and Moorhouse in the English county of Nottinghamshire. It is best known for having the last remaining working open field system in the United Kingdom.

Features

The village has the remains of a Norman motte and bailey castle and a small Holocaust Museum. In addition, there are the remnants of a substantial system of fish-ponds (possibly belonging to the castle, or to the later manor built on the site), two mediæval mill mounds, and ridge-and-furrow earthworks. The village church mostly dates back to the 12th century; after this, the earliest known standing structure is a 1703 farmhouse. Most of the village architecture sits firmly in the local vernacular tradition, with nearly a fifth of the buildings dating from the 18th century, and around 40% from each of the 19th and 20th.

Open Fields

Laxton parish today has much conventionally-farmed land, but retains also a significant part of the mediæval open field system. Fields, divided into strips, are farmed in common between the landowners of the village [Beckett, J.V. (1989) "A history of Laxton : England's last open-field village", Oxford : Basil Blackwell, ISBN 0-631-15972-X] . Today, there are three open fields remaining; the Mill Field, the South Field and the West Field. A 1635 survey of the parish carried out by Mark Pierce (still extant, and held in the Bodleian Library) shows that these three fields were in use at that date, but that they were significantly larger than their current size. There was also a fourth field, the East Field, which was considerably smaller than the others, and farmed as part of the West Field [Orwin, C.S. and Orwin, C.S. (1938) "The open fields", Oxford : Clarendon Press, 332 p.] . This was fully enclosed, and today is a number of small fields.

The strips within the fields have also changed significantly, with changes in technology. Originally, a single strip would have represented approximately a single day of ploughing; such a strip today would be far too small to be really practical for a tractor-drawn plough. Instead, over time strips have been consolidated to provide workable parcels of land; the result today is that the average strip size has increased significantly over mediæval times. However, the practical aspects of open field farming are still very much what they would have been 500 years ago.

Laxton is unique because the open field system is still alive and in daily use. Although the village is now recognised as an important heritage site, it is home to working farmers who rely on the land for their income. While modern expectations and needs mean that all the farmers also own land outside the open fields, the open fields are not part of a museum or showcase, but a living part of the agricultural landscape. The system is protected today by a Parliamentary undertaking given by the Crown Estate Commissioners on their 1981 purchase of the Laxton estate, and by a Countryside Stewardship agreement held between the Court Leet and the then-Countryside Commission. The sykes, four areas of grassland, are also protected by SSSI status.

Laxton’s strip fields were depicted on a postage stamp designed by David Tress that was issued in 1999 by the Royal Mail as part of their Millennium stamp series; the stamp also doubled as Royal Mail’s contribution to that year’s Europa postage stamp issue with the theme of Parks and Reserves.

References

External links

* [http://mahan.wonkwang.ac.kr/link/med/economy/agricul/laxsurv.html Laxton Village Survey report by Trent & Peak Archæological Trust]
* [http://www.collectgbstamps.co.uk/displayset.asp?setid=244 Laxton's fields on a 19p Royal Mail stamp]
* [http://www.laxtonvisitorcentre.org.uk Site for Laxton's Visitor Centre]
* [http://www.laxtonnotts.org.uk Site for Stuart Rose - Laxton farmer]
* [http://www.openfield.org.uk Site for the Open Field parish magazine]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Laxton — may refer to:*Laxton, East Riding of Yorkshire *Laxton, Northamptonshire *Laxton, Nottinghamshire …   Wikipedia

  • Nottinghamshire — Geografie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft Region: East Midlands Fläche: 2.160 km² …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laxton — This interesting surname is of English locational origin from Laxton in Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire or in the East Riding of Yorkshire, recorded respectively in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Lastone , Leston , and Laxinton . The placename… …   Surnames reference

  • List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Nottinghamshire — This is a list of the Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in Nottinghamshire, a county in the East Midlands. Nottinghamshire is bordered by South Yorkshire to the north, and Leicestershire to the south, and has an estimated population of …   Wikipedia

  • List of places in Nottinghamshire — This is a list of settlements in the ceremonial county of Nottinghamshire, England. See the list of places in England for places in other counties.compactTOC NOTOC AAlverton, Annesley, Annesley Woodhouse, Arnold, Askham, Aslockton, Aspley,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of civil parishes in Nottinghamshire — This is a list of civil parishes in the ceremonial county of Nottinghamshire, England.AshfieldMost of the district: that is the former urban districts of Hucknall, Kirkby in Ashfield, and Sutton in Ashfield is unparished.*Annesley 1 *Felley 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Chambers Hine — 1814 1899 was an architect based in Nottingham.He was born in Covent Garden into a prosperous middle class family, the eldest son of a hosiery manufacturer. He was articled to the London architect Matthew Habershorn. In 1837 he arrived in… …   Wikipedia

  • Court leet — See also: Leet The court leet was a historical court baron (a manorial court) of England and Wales and Ireland that exercised the view of frankpledge and its attendant police jurisdiction,[1] which was normally restricted to the hundred courts.… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert of Lexinton — (d. May 29 1250) was a British judge and administrator. He took his name from the village of Laxton, Nottinghamshire, then known as Lexinton and famous for its open field method of farming. He began work as a clerk to Brian de Lisle, a forest… …   Wikipedia

  • Enclosure — For other uses, see Enclosure (disambiguation). Enclosure or inclosure is the process which ends traditional rights such as mowing meadows for hay, or grazing livestock on common land. Once enclosed, these uses of the land become restricted to… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.