- Ride cymbal
A ride cymbal is a type of
cymbalthat is a standard part of most drum kits. Its function is to maintain a steady rhythmic pattern [Schroedl, Scott (2001). "Play Drums Today!", p.7. Hal Leonard. ISBN 0634021850. "It's called the ride cymbal because you 'ride' on it--that is, you maintain a steady pattern."] , sometimes called a ride pattern, rather than to provide accents as with, for example, the crash cymbal. A drummer will normally place the main ride cymbal near their dominant hand. The most basic ride pattern in rock and other styles isSchroedl, Scott (2001). "Play Drums Today!", p.9. Hal Leonard. ISBN 0634021850.] :
In rock and popular music another percussion instrument such as a shaker or
maracamay be substituted for the cymbal in a ride pattern, especially in quieter styles such as soft-ballads or bossa-nova [Mattingly, Rick (2006). "All About Drums", p.68. Hal Leonard. ISBN 1423408187.] .
According to most drummers, the term "ride" means "to ride with the music" as it
sustains after it is struck. However, it can apply to either the function of the cymbal in the kit or to the characteristics of the cymbal itself. Most cymbal makers designate some of their cymbals as "ride cymbals" indicating they are designed primarily for this purpose. However, they can be altered to suit different purposes or requirements that the drummer may see necessary for what they are using the cymbal for.
Some drummers use a
china cymbal, a sizzle cymbalor a specialised tone such as a swish or pang cymbalas a ride cymbal. When playing extremely softly, when using brushes, and when recording, even a paperthin crash may serve well as a ride cymbal.
On the other extreme, when playing extremely loudly a cymbal designed as a ride may serve well as a very loud, long crash. Some of
Keith Moon's kits had only ride cymbals, with all but the largest of these serving as crashes.
The Crash/Ride Cymbal
Some cymbals are designated crash/ride or more rarely ride/crash to indicate that they are designed to serve either function, and perhaps which function is more likely. Such a cymbal will typically serve as both a large slow crash and a secondary ride, or it may be reserved for one purpose or the other in a particular playing situation.
Sound of ride cymbals
When struck, a ride cymbal makes a sustained, shimmering sound rather than the shorter, decaying sound of a
crash cymbal. The most common diameter for a ride cymbal is about 20", but anything from 18" to 22" is standard. Smaller and thinner cymbals tend to be brighter with more shimmer, while larger and thicker cymbals tend to respond better in louder volume situations, and conversely. Rides of up to 26" and down to 16" are readily available, and down to 8" are currently manufactured. The very thickest and loudest tend to be about 22", with larger rides restricted to medium and medium thin thicknesses.
In rock or
jazz, the ride cymbal is most often struck regularly in a rhythmic pattern as part of the accompaniment to the song. Often the drummer will vary between the same pattern either on the hi-hat cymbalor the ride cymbal, playing for example the hi-hat in the verses and the ride in the instrumentals and/or choruses.
The sound of a ride cymbal also varies depending on what kind of mallet is used to hit it with. In rock and metal, wood and nylon-tipped drum sticks are common; wood creates a smoother, quieter sound, whereas nylon tips create more of a "ping," and a sharper bell tone. Brushes, used commonly in variations of
jazz, make the ride cymbal more felt than heard, as it creates a low vibration to keep a steady beat, but a low sound volume.
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