- Agentless data collection
In the field of
information technology, agentless data collection involves collecting data from computers without installing any new agents on them.
What is an Agent?
For the purpose of this discussion, an agent is a software program (sometimes called a "service" or "daemon") that runs on a computer with the primary purpose of collecting information and "pushing" it over the network to a central location (or else of re-publishing the information in a standard format like
SNMPso that it can then be collected over the network from the central location).
The traditional approach to data collection involves installing agents onall computers from which data is needed. Sometimes this installation stepis performed manually for each computer, other times it is automated via a centralized installation server that "pushes" software to other computers.In either case, the cost of installation (and subsequent maintenance and upgrade)is typically proportional to the number of computers that require installationservices, and this is in turn equal to the number of computers from which datais needed.
In the agentless approach, data is collected from computers without installingadditional agents. This is accomplished by obtaining data from the software thatis "already" installed on the computer including the operating systemas well as previously-installed commercial products. It turns out that, in many cases, there are already more than enough programs and protocols installed on a computer where the desired information can be obtained.
The primary benefit of the agentless approach is that it is not necessary to install, upgrade and maintain additional software programs on each computer from which information is needed. Software products that use this approach may have a faster rollout and lower TCO than software products that require agents on a substantial number of computers.
Relevant Network Protocols
Any network protocol that returns useful information can be employed, providing only that theprotocol server is already installed. Again, the distinction between agentlessand agent-based is not the specific protocol used but whether a new protocol server(agent) must be installed.
In many cases, it is possible to find servers for these protocols:
log4j, CIFS, SSH, SNMP, Windows Management Instrumentation(for Windows platform), DTrace(for Solaris 10 platform). However, a large number of other protocols may be helpful as well.
Examples of software products that use an agentless approach
* Tembria Server Monitor
Versus Data Mining
The meaning of the phrase "data mining" is related to but different than "data collection".The former is typically about finding useful patterns with data that is convenientlyaccessible in a relational database. In contrast, the latter involves extracting datafrom a variety of less convenient sources, although in some cases it may also involveidentifying or leveraging useful patterns.
* [http://www.splunk.com/ Splunk]
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