- House of Montefeltro
Montefeltro is the name of an historical Italian family who ruled Urbino and Rimini.
Bonconte was succeeded by Montefeltrano (1214-55), and Guido I (1255-1286 and 1293-1296), who was captain of Forlì during wars with the French and papal armies. Pope Boniface VIII absolved him from censures for his actions in those wars, and employed him against Palestrina and the Colonna.
Guido's successor, Federico I (1296-1322), increased his domains by taking Fano, Osimo, Recanati, Gubbio, Spoleto, and Assisi from the Holy See. He was murdered after levying high taxes, and Urbino fell under papal control. In 1323, however, Frederico's son Nolfo (1323-1359) was proclaimed lord of Urbino. In 1355, as a papal legate, Cardinal Albornoz, travelled through Italy restoring papal authority, Urbino once more came under the control of the Holy See. Nolfo's son Federico was left without any authority, but his son, Antonio (1377-1403), took advantage of the rebellion of the Marche and Umbria against the Holy See (1375) to restore his authority in Urbino.
Guidantonio (1403-1443) was appointed ruler of the Duchy of Spoleto by Pope Martin V (1419) and carried on war against Braccio da Montone with varying fortune. His son, Oddo Antonio, was assassinated after only a few months in power. The Urbinese then offered the lordship to Federico III (1444-1482), the illegitimate son of Guidantonio, a pupil of Vittorino da Feltre's school and a lover of art. Under him Urbino became a cultural center of the Renaissance. He was implicated in the wars against Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, the pope, René of Anjou, and Florence. Pope Sixtus IV conferred on him the title of Duke of Urbino (1474).
Guidobaldo I (1492-1508) was forced to flee Urbino to escape the armies of Cesare Borgia. He adopted Francesco Maria della Rovere (1508-38), his sister's child, thus uniting the signoria of Sinigaglia with Urbino. He aided Julius II in reconquering the Romagna. Pope Leo X deprived him of his territory, which was given to Lorenzo de' Medici, and later to Francesco Maria della Rovere.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Montefeltro — Map of the region Montefeltro is a historical geographic region in the Marche, which was historically part of Romagna. It gave its name of the Montefeltro family, which ruled in the area during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Contents … Wikipedia
House of Orange-Nassau — Royal Coat of arms of the Netherlands Country Netherlands, England, Scotland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Orange, Nassau … Wikipedia
House of Orléans — Country France Ancestral house House of Bourbon descended from Capetian dynasty Titles … Wikipedia
House of Savoy — Country Albania, Croatia, Ethiopia, France, Italy, Spain Titles Count of Savoy Duke of … Wikipedia
House of Mecklenburg — Country Mecklenburg, Titles Prince, Duke, Grand Duke, Elected Duke of United Baltic Duchy Founder Niklot … Wikipedia
House of Nassau-Weilburg — Country Nassau, Luxembourg Ancestral house House of Nassau, House of Bourbon Parma … Wikipedia
House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha — Country Portugal Ancestral house House of Braganza Titles King of P … Wikipedia
House of Wessex — Golden Wyvern of Wessex Country Kingdom of Wessex, Kingdom of England Titles King of Wessex King of England … Wikipedia
House of Normandy — Country Duchy of Normandy, Kingdom of England, County of Flanders, County of Eu Titles King of England Duke of Normandy Count of Flanders Counts of Eu Founder Rollo … Wikipedia
House of Obrenović — Country Serbia Ancestral house Martinović, Orlović Titles Prince (Кнез/Knez), King … Wikipedia