T34 Calliope


T34 Calliope

Infobox Weapon
name= T34 Calliope


caption= T34 Calliope in France
origin= United States
type= tank-mounted rocket launcher
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design_date=1943
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primary_armament= 60x 4.6 inch rockets
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The Rocket Launcher T34 (Calliope) was a tank-mounted rocket launcher used by the United States Army during the Second World War. The launcher was mounted atop the Medium Tank M4 and fired a barrage of 4.6 inch rockets from 60 launch tubes. It was developed in 1943, small numbers were produced and were used by various US armor units in 1944-45. It was nicknamed 'screaming mimi' by the Allied forces, due to the screeching sound the rockets made when launched.

Variants

* Rocket Launcher T34 (Calliope) - Version carrying 60 4.6 inch rockets in arrangement of a group of 36 tubes on the top, and a pair jettisonable groups of 12 tubes on the bottom "(M4A1 jettison not able)".
* Rocket Launcher T34E1 (Calliope) - Same as T34 but groups of 12 jettisonable tubes replaced by groups of 14 tubes.
* Rocket Launcher T34E2 (Calliope) - Calibre of rockets increased from 4.6 inch to 7.2 inch, number of tubes remains at 60. Saw combat in 1944-1945.


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