Infobox City |official_name = Yaoundé
image_caption = Yaoundé, Cameroon
mapsize = 150px
map_caption = Map of Cameroon showing the location of Yaoundé.
subdivision_type = Province
population_as_of = 2005
population_urban = 1,430,000
population_note = estimated
population_total = 1,430,000
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +1
Yaoundé, (IPAEng|jɑːuːnˈdeɪ), is the
capital cityof Cameroonand second largest city in the country after Douala. It lies in the centre of the nation at about 750 metres (2,500 ft) above sea level.
Yaoundé was founded in
1888by German traders as a base for the ivorytrade and an agricultural research station. It was occupied by Belgian troops during World War I. After Germany's defeat, France became the colonial power in eastern Cameroon, and Yaoundé became the capital of French Cameroon. It has continued as the capital of the Republic of Cameroon until the present day.
Major industries in Yaoundé include
cigarettes, dairyproducts, breweries, clay, glassgoods, and lumber. Yaoundé is a regional distribution center for coffee, cocoa, copra, sugar cane, and rubber.
Places of interest
The city centre houses government offices, some hotels, and the central market. The Bastos neighbourhood, with most homes owned by Cameroonians, is home to foreign embassies and the expatriate European community (drawn mainly from the diplomatic corps). The presidential palace and compound is in the
Also found in Yaoundé are the cathedral, the
Cameroon Art Museum(located in a former Benedictine monastery), the Cameroon National Museum(located in the former presidential palace), and the Afhemi Museum. There is a small zoo in the Mvog-Betsi neighbourhood.Yaoundé has a small assortment of nightclubs and restaurants.
Yaoundé Nsimalen International Airportis a major civilian hub, while nearby Yaoundé Airportis used by the military. Railway lines run west to the port city of Doualaand north to N'Gaoundéré. Many bus companies operate from the city, particularly in the Nsam and Mvan neighborhoods. Frequent bus runs occur along the road between Yaoundé and Douala, which has witnessed several fatal accidents. Travel time by road between Douala and Yaounde is approximately 3 hours. Traffic in the city can be heavy during weekdays, but is very little during the weekends.
Mokolo is among the biggest of the numerous markets in the city. Others include Mfoundi. There are also some supermarkets (e.g. "Score") situated in the city centre.
football (soccer)team plays frequent matches in the Ahmadou Ahidjo (or Omnisport) stadium. Also, the Grand Prix Chantal Biya, which is a men's road bicycle racingevent on the UCI Africa Tourstarts and finishes in Yaoundé.
Yaoundé is the site of some universities, the
University of Yaoundé I, University of Yaoundé II(on a campus outside of town), and the Catholic University for Central Africa(UCAC). Several of the nation's professional schools are also located in Yaounde (Ecole Normal Superieur for teachers, Ecole Militaire InterArmes du Cameroun, as well as various schools for engineers, nurses and diplomats).
* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/CM/11/Yaounde.html Rail Map (red dots) - elevation = 726m (2385 ft)]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=yaounde,+cameroon&ie=UTF8&z=10&ll=3.914949,11.520538&spn=0.617905,1.384277&t=h&om=1&iwloc=A|Satellite Image of Yaoundé from Google Earth]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Yaounde — Yaoundé Yaoundé Pays Cameroun Province … Wikipédia en Français
Yaoundé — Yaoundé … Deutsch Wikipedia
Yaounde — Yaoundé in der Provinz Centre Yaoundé … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Yaoundé — the capital city of ↑Cameroon … Dictionary of contemporary English
Yaoundé — → Yaundé … Diccionario panhispánico de dudas
Yaoundé — [yä΄o͞on dā′] capital of Cameroon, in the SW part: pop. 649,000 … English World dictionary
Yaoundé — 3° 52′ N 11° 31′ E / 3.87, 11.52 … Wikipédia en Français
Yaoundé — Fr. /yann oohn day /, n. a city in and the capital of Cameroon, in the SW part. 180,000. Also, Yaunde. * * * City (pop., 2001 est.: urban agglom., 1,481,000), capital of Cameroon. It was founded in 1888 while Cameroon was a German protectorate.… … Universalium
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