- Max Reinhardt
Theatre director and actor
Born Maximilian Goldmann
September 9, 1873
Baden bei Wien,
Died October 30, 1943(aged 70)
New York City, NewYork, United States
Resting place Westchester Hills Cemetery Occupation Theatre director, Actor Spouse Helene Thimig Children Gottfried Reinhardt
Max Reinhardt (September 9, 1873 – October 30, 1943) was an Austrian (later naturalized American) theater and film director and actor.
Reinhardt was born Maximilian Goldmann, of Jewish ancestry, in Baden bei Wien, Austria-Hungary. From 1902 until the beginning of Nazi rule in 1933, he worked as a director at various theaters in Berlin. From 1905 to 1930 he managed the Deutsches Theater ("German Theatre") in Berlin and, in addition, the Theater in der Josefstadt in Vienna from 1924 to 1933. By employing powerful staging techniques, and harmonising stage design, language, music and choreography, Reinhardt introduced new dimensions into German theatre.
The Max Reinhardt Seminar in Vienna, which is arguably the most important German-language acting school, was installed implementing his ideas. Siegfried Jacobsen wrote Max Reinhardt in 1910.
In 1920, Reinhardt established the Salzburg Festival with Richard Strauss and Hugo von Hofmannsthal, notably directing an annual production of the morality play Everyman about God sending Death to summon a representative of mankind for judgement.
After the Anschluss of Austria to Nazi-governed Germany in 1938, he emigrated first to England, then to the United States, where he had already successfully directed his own play The Miracle in 1924, and a popular stage version of Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream in 1927.
Reinhardt followed that success by directing a film version in 1935 using a mostly different cast, that included James Cagney, Mickey Rooney, Joe E. Brown and Olivia de Havilland, amongst others. Mickey Rooney and Ms. de Havilland had also appeared in Reinhardt's 1934 stage production, which was staged at the Hollywood Bowl. The Nazis banned the film because of the Jewish ancestry of both Reinhardt and Felix Mendelssohn, whose music (arranged by Erich Korngold) was used throughout the film.
In 1940 he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. At that time, he was married to his second wife, the actress Helene Thimig.
Max Reinhardt and film
Reinhardt was much more interested in film than most of his contemporaries in theater. He made films as a director and from time to time also as a producer. His first staging for the film was Sumurûn (1910). After that, Reinhardt founded his own film company. He was chosen to direct the film adaptation Das Mirakel (1912). Controversies around the staging of Mirakel, which was shown in the Vienna Rotunde in 1912, led to Reinhardt's retreat from the project. The author of the play, Reinhardt's friend and confidant Karl Vollmoeller, won the French director Michel-Antoine Carré to finish the shooting.
Reinhardt made the films Die Insel der Seligen and Eine venezianische Nacht for the German film producer Paul Davidson, in 1913 and 1914. Both films meant a lot of work for Reinhardt's cameraman Karl Freund, as Reinhardt also demanded special shootings like that of a lagoon in the moonlight.
Die Insel der Seligen was praised by the critics above all for Reinhardt's work on the clearness of expression and a vivid play of the features. The film attracted attention through its erotic acting. Its ancient mythical setting included sea gods, nymphs, and fauns, and the actors appeared naked. The part playing in the present fit the strict customs of the time of the late German resp. Austrian monarchy. The actors had to live up to the demands of double roles. Wilhelm Diegelmann and Willy Prager played the bourgeois fathers as well as the sea gods, Ernst Matray a bachelor and a faun, Leopoldine Konstantin the Circe.
Censors demanded the according scenes to be removed, but these demands weren't fulfilled.
The shooting for Eine venezianische Nacht by Karl Gustav Vollmoeller took place in Venice. Maria Carmi played the bride, Alfred Abel the young stranger, and Ernst Matray Anselmus and Pipistrello. The shooting was disturbed by a fanatic who incited the attendant Venetians against the German speaking staff.
In 1935, Reinhardt directed his first film in the US, A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Reinhardt's theater work was strongly inspired by the film. He transferred the stylistic principles of his theater work all too strongly to the film and didn't know to exploit the own means of the film creatively. Therefore, his films weren't great successes.
Reinhardt, different than many other stage directors, encouraged his actors to work for the film.
He founded the drama schools Hochschule für Schauspielkunst „Ernst Busch“ in Berlin and the Max Reinhardt Seminar. Many alumni of these schools made their career in film.
His son, Gottfried Reinhardt, was a well-regarded film producer. His grandson (by adoption), Stephen Reinhardt, is a labor lawyer who has served notably on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit since his appointment by Jimmy Carter in 1980.
Work on Broadway
- Sumurun (pantomime) (1912) - leader of the Deutsches Theater of Berlin on a New York tour
- The Miracle (1924) - Co-playwright and Director
- A Midsummer Night's Dream (revival) (1927) - Producer
- Jederman (1927) - Co-producer
- Peripherie (1928) - Playwright
- Redemption (revival) (1928) - Director
- The Eternal Road (musical Biblical pageant) (1937) - Director
- The Merchant of Yonkers (1938), Thornton Wilder's play, later rewritten as "The Matchmaker". (This play had nothing to do with "The Merchant of Venice".)
- Sons and Soldiers (1943) - Producer and Director
- Max Reinhardt Archives and Library at Binghamton University, State University of New York
- Max Reinhardt at the Internet Broadway Database
- Max Reinhardt at the Internet Movie Database
- A hard-nosed Utopian By Esther Slevogt at signandsight.com
- Max Reinhardt at Find a Grave
- Michael Frayn's play Afterlife, based on Reinhardt's life: National Theatre, London (2008) 
- Literature on Max Reinhardt
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Look at other dictionaries:
Max Reinhardt — auf einer signierten Postkarte, 1911, Fotografie von Nicola Perscheid Max Reinhardt (ursprünglich: Maximilian Goldmann; * 9. September 1873 in Baden bei Wien, Niederösterreich; † 31. Oktober 1943 in New York … Deutsch Wikipedia
Max Reinhardt — (Sello de la RDA) Nombre real Maximilian Goldman Nacimiento 9 de septiembre de 1873 … Wikipedia Español
Max Reinhardt — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reinhardt. Portrait de Max Reinhardt par Emil Orlik. Max Reinha … Wikipédia en Français
Max Reinhardt — Maximilian Goldman (Max Reinhardt)Nació en Baden, Austria, el 8 de septiembre de 1873. Y murió en la ciudad de Nueva York el 31 de octubre de 1943. Productor, director de teatro y cine. Max Reinhart tuvo una importancia vital en la renovación del … Enciclopedia Universal
Max Reinhardt — Max Goldmann … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Max Reinhardt (publisher) — Max Reinhardt Born November 30, 1915(1915 11 30) Constantinople Died November 19, 2002(2002 11 19) (aged 86) Richmond upon Thames Occupation Publisher … Wikipedia
Max Reinhardt (disambiguation) — Max Reinhardt may refer to:*Max Reinhardt (1873 1943), Austrian theatre and film director *Max Reinhardt (publisher) (1915 2002), British publisher … Wikipedia
Max Reinhardt Seminar — Palais Cumberland, Teil mit dem Reinhardt Seminar Das Max Reinhardt Seminar ist eine Schauspielschule in Wien, die von Max Reinhardt gegründet wurde. Sitz ist das Palais Cumberland in der Penzingerstrasse im 14. Bezirk, gegenüber von Schloss… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Max-Reinhardt-Seminar — Palais Cumberland, Teil mit dem Reinhardt Seminar Das Max Reinhardt Seminar ist die Abteilung für Schauspiel und Regie der Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst Wien. Es steht unter der Leitung von o. Univ. Prof. Hubertus Petroll. Sitz ist … Deutsch Wikipedia
Max Reinhardt-Seminar — Palais Cumberland, Teil mit dem Reinhardt Seminar Das Max Reinhardt Seminar ist die Abteilung für Schauspiel und Regie der Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst Wien. Es steht unter der Leitung von o. Univ. Prof. Hubertus Petroll. Sitz ist … Deutsch Wikipedia