Gloria Grahame


Gloria Grahame

Infobox actor
name = Gloria Grahame


imagesize = 160px
caption = from the trailer for "The Greatest Show on Earth" (1952)
birthname = Gloria Hallward
birthdate = birth date|1923|11|28
birthplace = Los Angeles, California, U.S.
deathdate = death date and age|1981|10|5|1923|11|28
deathplace = New York City, New York, U.S.
othername =
yearsactive = 19441981
spouse = Stanley Clements (1945-1948)
Nicholas Ray (1948-1952) 1 child
Cy Howard (1954-1957) 1 child
Anthony Ray (1960-1974) 2 children
website =
academyawards = Best Supporting Actress
1952 "The Bad and the Beautiful"
emmyawards =
tonyawards =

Gloria Grahame (November 28, 1923October 5, 1981) was an Academy Award-winning American film actress.

Biography

Early life

Grahame was born Gloria Hallward in Los Angeles, California. Her father, Reginald Michael Bloxam Hallward, was an architect and author descended from King Edward III. [ [http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-1023009.html The Two-Ring Circus; Tracking the Gnarled Family Trees of Hollywood - The Washington Post - HighBeam Research ] ] Her mother, Jeannie McDougall, who used the stage name Jean Grahame, was a British stage actress and acting teacher who taught Gloria acting during her childhood and adolescence. She was signed to a contract with MGM Studios after Louis B. Mayer saw her performing on Broadway.

Career

Changing her name to Gloria Grahame, she made her film debut in "Blonde Fever" (1944) and scored one of her most widely praised roles as the promiscuous Violet, who is saved from disgrace by George Bailey in "It's a Wonderful Life" (1946). MGM was not able to develop her potential as a star and her contract was sold to RKO Studios in 1947.

Grahame was often featured in film noir pictures as a tarnished beauty with an irresistible sexual allure. During this time, she made films for several Hollywood studios. She received an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress for "Crossfire" (1947). Grahame starred with Humphrey Bogart in the 1950 film "In a Lonely Place", a performance which garnered her considerable praise. Though today it is considered among her finest performances, at the time it didn't help her career; it wasn't a box-office hit and Howard Hughes, owner of RKO Studios, admitted that he never saw her first starring role. When she asked to be loaned out for meaty roles in Born Yesterday and A Place in the Sun Hughes refused and made her do a supporting role in Macao (film). She won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress in "The Bad and the Beautiful" (1952).

Other memorable roles included the scheming Irene Nieves in "Sudden Fear" (1952), the "femme fatale" Vicki Buckley in "Human Desire" (1953), and mob moll Debby Marsh in "The Big Heat" (1953). In a horrifying, especially for its time, scene, she is scarred by hot coffee thrown in her face by Lee Marvin's character.

Grahame was often regarded as a difficult actress to work with,Fact|date=January 2008 and her career began to wane after her quixotic, but successful casting in the musical movie "Oklahoma!" (1955). Grahame was seen as difficult to cast with the demise of "film noir", not evil, but too naughty to be an innocent. She began a slow return to the theater, but returned to films occasionally to play supporting roles, mostly in minor releases.

Grahame has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contribution to Motion Pictures, at 6522 Hollywood Boulevard.

Personal life

Grahame had a string of stormy romances and failed marriages during her time in Hollywood. These difficulties began to affect her career after marital and child custody problems began to influence Grahame on the set of "Oklahoma!". In 1960, even Hollywood was scandalized after her marriage to Tony Ray, Grahame's former stepson and son of her ex-husband Nicholas Ray ("In A Lonely Place", "Rebel Without a Cause") whom she had divorced eight years previously. Gloria ended up having children by both father and son. Finding film roles difficult to obtain in Hollywood, she returned to the theater and continued to work as a stage actress.

Death

In 1981, Grahame collapsed during a rehearsal for a British stage play, and returned to New York City, where she died soon after from stomach cancer at the age of 57. She is interred in Oakwood Memorial Park Cemetery in Chatsworth, California. An account of her last days is given in the book "Film Stars Don't Die in Liverpool" by Peter Turner.

She was survived by her children from various marriages, and a sister.

Filmography

References

External links

*imdb|0002108
*tcmdb name|id=74987|name=Gloria Grahame
*Find A Grave|id=2642

###@@@KEY@@@###succession box
title=Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
years=1952
for "The Bad and the Beautiful"
before=Kim Hunter
for "A Streetcar Named Desire"
after=Donna Reed
for "From Here to Eternity"

Persondata
NAME= Grahame, Gloria
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= Hallward, Gloria
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Actress
DATE OF BIRTH= November 28, 1923
PLACE OF BIRTH= Los Angeles, California, U.S.
DATE OF DEATH= October 5, 1981
PLACE OF DEATH= New York City, New York, U.S.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gloria Grahame — Nombre real Gloria Hallward Nacimiento 28 de noviembre de 1923 Los Angeles, Californi …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gloria Grahame — (* 28. November 1923 in Los Angeles; † 5. Oktober 1981 in New York City) war eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Filmografie (Auswahl) 3 Ausze …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gloria Grahame — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Grahame. Gloria Grahame …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grahame — is a surname, and may refer to* Christine Grahame, Scottish politician * Gloria Grahame, American actress * James Grahame, Scottish poet * John Grahame, American ice hockey player * Kenneth Grahame, Scottish novelist ( The Wind in the Willows ) * …   Wikipedia

  • Grahame — ist der Nachname mehrerer Personen: Christine Grahame (* 1944), schottische Politikerin, Mitglied im schottischen Parlament Gloria Grahame (1923–1981), US amerikanische Schauspielerin James Grahame (1765–1811), schottischer Dichter John Grahame… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gloria (Vorname) — Gloria ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Gloria kommt aus dem Lateinischen und bedeutet ‚Ruhm‘.[1] In der römischen Mytholgie war Gloria die Personifizierung des Ruhms, siehe Fama. Der Name Gloria wurde bis zum 20. Jahrhundert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grahame — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Graham. Patronymie Gloria Grahame (1923 1981) est une actrice américaine. Kenneth Grahame (1859 1932) est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • In a Lonely Place — Infobox Film name = In a Lonely Place image size = 260px caption = Lobby card director = Nicholas Ray producer = Robert Lord writer = Story: Dorothy B. Hughes Screenplay: Edmund H. North Andrew Solt starring = Humphrey Bogart Gloria Grahame Frank …   Wikipedia

  • Crossfire (film) — Crossfire Theatrical release poster Directed by Edward Dmytryk Produced by Executive …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Gra — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.