Socio-cognitive


Socio-cognitive

Socio-cognitive or sociocognitive describes integrated cognitive and social properties of systems, processes, functions, models, as well as can indicate the branch of science, engineering or technology, such as "socio-cognitive research", "socio-cognitive interactions". [ C. J. Hemingway (1998) [http://infomgt.bi.no/wg82-86/proceedings/heming~1.pdf#search=%22socio-cognitive%22 Socio-cognitive research: toward a socio-cognitive theory of information systems: an analysis of key philosophical and conceptual issues] . In the workshop Proceedings of Information Systems: Current Issues and Future Changes ] This term is especially used when complex cognitive and social properties are reciprocally connected and essential for a given problem.

Socio-cognitive research is human factor based, and assumes an integrated knowledge engineering, environment and business modeling perspective, therefore it is not "social cognition" which rather is a branch of psychology focused on "how people process social information".

Socio-cognitive engineering (SCE) includes a set of theoretical frameworks, methodologies, methods and software tools for the design of human centred technologies [ M. Sharples at al.(2002), [http://www.eee.bham.ac.uk/sharplem/Papers/mediate%20ejor.pdf Socio-cognitive engineering: a methodology for the design of humancentred technology] , European Journal of Operational Research ] . On the other hand, the emergent systemic branch of SCE relates to human-based and intelligence-based socio-technological systems/aggregates. It deals with the modeling of human organization vulnerabilities, organization crisis and their interdependences using general engineering and cognitive paradigms [ A. M. Gadomski (2006), [http://www.progettoreti.enea.it/cnip06/slides/Poster/Gadomski.pdf Modeling of socio-cognitive vulnerability of human organizations: TOGA meta-theory approach] , The Proc. of the international workshop on Complex Network and Infrastructure Protection, CNIP 2006, March, Rome] .

Both above approaches are applicable for the identification and design of a computer-based semi-/proto-Intelligent Decision Support Systems (IDSS) for the operators and managers of large socially critical systems, for high-risk tasks, such as different types of emergency and disaster management, where human errors and lack of efficacy can be the cause of serious losses.

ee also

*cognitive science
*systemics
*socio-cognitive systems in systemics - they can be intelligence-based systems including humans, their culture, technologies and the environment.
*socio-cognitive complexity in complex systems
*situated cognition
*sociology
*memetics

References

External links

* [http://cfpm.org/jom-emit/2001/vol5/castelfranchi_c.html Towards a cognitive memetics] (2001), Cristiano Castelfranchi - Web pages.
* [http://www.istc.cnr.it/T3/trust/pages/model.html The socio-cognitive model of trust] (2004-06) - Web pages of the Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies (ISTC)


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