- Pinning force
Pinning force is a force acting on a pinned object from a pinning center. In solid state physics, this most often refers to the vortex pinning, the pinning of the magnetic vortices (
magnetic flux quanta, Abrikosov vortices) by different kinds of the defects in a type II superconductor. An important quantities are the "individual" maximal pinning force, which defines the depinning of a single vortex, and an "average" pinning force, which defines the depinning of the correlated vortex structures and can be associated with the critical current density(the maximal density of non-dissipative current). The interaction of the correlated vortex lattice with system of pinning centers forms the magnetic phase diagramof the vortex matter in superconductors. This phase diagram is especially rich for high temperature superconductors( HTSC) where the thermo-activation processes are essential.
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