Road racing


Road racing

"Road racing can be a term involving road running, road bicycle races, or automobile races. As contemplated in this article, the term will be treated as it relates to motorsport, specifically, automobile racing and motorcycle racing."

Types of road courses

Road racing can be of two types: in the first, car or motorcycle races are run on specially built, closed circuit courses; in the second, public roads are temporarily closed off for the purpose of conducting a race. Notable examples of this include the Monaco Grand Prix which is conducted on the city streets of the small principality, the Mille Miglia, the Targa Florio, and the Isle of Man. The Tourist Trophy, probably the most famous motorcycle race of its type, takes place over the Snaefell Mountain Course, as well as the North West 200 in Ireland. Also the Ulster Grand Prix and at a dozen pure "closed road" circuits unique to Ireland. [(MCUI)]

A small portion of these automobile race tracks are called temporary street courses.

Of the former, closed circuit type, purpose-built race tracks are used that, due to their irregular shapes and many turns and curves, resemble true road courses. Due to safety and insurance concerns, this style of racing has largely supplanted true road racing, particularly in Europe. Road racing is also occasionally conducted using the infield and oval portions of tracks making a "roval", such as the 24 Hours of Daytona. Road racing has become a featured part of many racing video games.

Global road courses

Global road-racing series such as Formula One car racing and MotoGP motorcycle racing are almost always conducted on dedicated race tracks—with only a few exceptions. Several of these tracks are world-renowned, such as the circuits at Le Mans, Imola, and Silverstone. Recent expansion of these international series has resulted in dedicated tracks being built in Qatar in the Middle East, Sepang in Malaysia, and Shanghai in China.

North American road courses

There was a long tradition of road racing on real streets in United States. Now the most famous American road courses are all purpose-built, but some where the original tradition evolved include: Riverside International Raceway at Riverside, California (now closed); Watkins Glen International at Watkins Glen, New York; Road America at Elkhart Lake, Wisconsin; and Infineon Raceway at Sonoma, California. After a few decades of such events three sons of Barron Collier—Barron, Miles, and Samuel—founded the "Automobile Racing Club of America" in 1933. That organization became the Sports Car Club of America in 1944. Throughout its history, American race car drivers such as Briggs Cunningham, Lake Underwood, Carroll Shelby, and Mark Donohue were among the contestants at these road racing events.

American purpose-built road courses include: Moroso Motorsports Park, Barber Motorsports Park, Miller Motorsports Park, Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course, Heartland Park Topeka, Lime Rock Park, Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca, Road Atlanta, Portland International Raceway, and Virginia International Raceway. Additionally, Grand Prix-style road course racing over public streets is making something of a comeback; the most famous race of this sort currently held is the one hosted annually in Long Beach, California. Other famous street circuits in North America include events held in St. Petersburg, Florida, and two in Canada that were cancelled in 2008 due to the merger of Champ Car and the Indy Racing League, Vancouver, British Columbia, and Toronto, Ontario; a third, in Edmonton, Alberta was added to the IRL schedle after the merger, and the Toronto race will return in 2009 as a replacement for Nashville, Tennessee. Airport runways figure into several part-time road courses in North America: Burke Lakefront Airport in Cleveland, Ohio hosted a Champ Car race through 2007; however, the 2008 merger with IndyCar ended that for at least one year; the St. Petersburg course uses the runway of Albert Whitted Airport as its main straight, and Sebring International Raceway, home of the prestigious 12-hour race in March, was formerly a military airfield in Sebring, Florida.

ee also

*Oval track
*Roval
*Dragstrip

External links

*http://www.300zatacek.cz/ "see" - "300 curves of Gustav Havel" - traditional road race in Horice, Czech Republic. Also known as Czech Tourist Trophy. News, photos, videos, riders
*http://www.ccsracing.us/ "see" - "Championship Cup Series Motorcycle Road Racing" - the largest sportsman motorcycle road racing organization in the United States. 60 plus events at 25 different tracks every year.
*http://www.rrdc.org/ "see" - "Road Racing Drivers Club" - many photographs with biographies of all ever invited to join, living and deceased
*http://www.scca.org/ "see" - "Sports Car Club of America" - Large road racing organization in the United States, originally founded as the Automobile Racing Club of America in 1933
*http://www.wera.com/ "see" - "WERA Motorcycle Racing" - the second largest amateur motorcycle road racing organization in the United States. WERA Road Racing is a profit corporation incorporated in Georgia in 1995; Evelyne Clarke is the CEO, CFO and Secretary.
* [http://www.nasaracing.net/nasa_regions.htm National Auto Sports Association] "see" - "National Auto Sport Association
*http://www.sportbikes.com International Sportbike Forum
*http://www.trackHQ.com - The Central Archives of Road Course Photos, Videos, and discussion forums for everything related to amateur track day on Road Courses.
*http://www.morosomotorsportspark.com Year-round, full facility motorsports park with a 2.2 mile road course, located in the Palm Beaches of Florida.
* [http://www.ma.org.au Motorcycling Australia (MA)] - Australian Governing Body


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • road racing — noun : racing over public roads ; especially : automobile racing over roads or over a closed course designed to simulate public roads • road race noun * * * a competitive event of racing in automobiles, motorcycles, or bicycles over public roads… …   Useful english dictionary

  • road racing — noun Date: 1828 racing over public roads; especially automobile racing over roads or over a closed course designed to simulate public roads • road race noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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