Gelderland


Gelderland

Infobox Dutch Province
ename = Province of Gelderland
dname = Provincie Gelderland
common_name = Gelderland





location_
Clicksensitive map of provinces of the Netherlands|province=Gelderland
capital = Arnhem
largest_city = Nijmegen
commissioner = Clemens Cornielje
religion_year = 1999
religion = Protestant 31%
Catholic 29%
area_land = 4,975
area_water = 161
area_rank = 1st
population_year = 2006
population = 1,975,704
population_rank = 4th
density = 397
density_rank = 6th
anthem = Ons Gelderland
ISO = GE
website = www.gelderland.nl

Gelderland (pronunciation|065 Gelderland.ogg, English also "Guelders") is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. The capital city is Arnhem. The two other major cities, Nijmegen and Apeldoorn have more inhabitants. Other major regional centers in Gelderland are Wageningen, Ede, Zutphen, Doetinchem, Harderwijk, Epe, Wijchen and Tiel.

History

The current province of Gelderland covers about the area of three of the quarters of the historical Duchy of Guelders. Guelders was a county in the late 11th century and then a duchy in the Holy Roman Empire, including also parts of the province of present-day Limburg and the German District of Kleve (Cleves) with the city of Geldern, the city that was the original seat of the dukes. It became part of the Habsburg Netherlands in 1543, one of the Seventeen Provinces, though not one of the richer or more densely-populated.

Geography

Gelderland can be divided in three parts: the Veluwe in the north, the Betuwe in the southwest and the Achterhoek or Graafschap (which literally means: County or Earldom) in the east.

Municipalities

Currently (2006), the municipalities in Gelderland are as follows:

Provinces of the Netherlands imagemap|thumb|right

See also Betuwe, Linge.

Municipalities abolished on 1 Jan 2005

The following municipalities were abolished on 1 January 2005; see further [http://home.wxs.nl/~pagklein/gemhis.html#nu] (in Dutch) for more detailed information on these changes.

These municipalities were merged with neighbouring ones:

*Angerlo was merged into Zevenaar
*Dinxperlo was merged into Aalten
*Gorssel was merged into Lochem
*Lichtenvoorde was merged into Groenlo (later: Oost Gelre, see below)
*Warnsveld was merged into Zutphen
*Wehl was merged into Doetinchem

These municipalities were merged and given a new name:

*Borculo, Eibergen, Neede, and Ruurlo became Berkelland
*Hengelo, Hummelo en Keppel, Steenderen, Vorden, and Zelhem became Bronckhorst
*Bergh and Didam became Montferland
*Gendringen and Wisch became Oude IJsselstreek
*Lichtenvoorde, Groenlo, Lievelde, Zieuwent and smaller neighbouring villages became Oost Gelre

External links

* [http://www.sdu.nl/staatscourant/gemeentes/gemprovin.htm#G Map of Province]
* [http://geodata.prv.gelderland.nl/scripts/esrimap.dll?Name=Zakgeld2&Scherm=Start&Frames=Yes&Cmd=Show Detailed Map of Gelderland]
* [http://geodata.prv.gelderland.nl/geostart.asp?appl=3 Second Detailed Map of Gelderland]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gelderland — Provinz der Niederlande Wappen Flagge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gelderland — Espèce Chev …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gelderland —   [ xɛldərlant], deutsch Gẹldern, Provinz in den Niederlanden, 5 143 km2 (einschließlich 124 km2 Binnenwasserflächen), 1,86 Mio. Einwohner, Hauptstadt ist Arnheim. Die an Deutschland grenzende Provinz umfasst die dünenreiche Hügellandschaft der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gelderland — (Geldern), niederl. Provinz, grenzt nordwestlich an den Zuidersee, nördlich und nordöstlich an Overyssel, östlich an Westfalen, südlich an die preußische Rheinprovinz, Limburg und Nordbrabant, westlich an Südholland und Utrecht und hat ein Areal… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gelderland — [gel′dər land΄; ] Du [ khel′dər länt΄] province of E Netherlands: 1,986 sq mi (5,144 sq km); pop. 1,865,000; cap. Arnhem …   English World dictionary

  • Gelderland — /gel deuhr land /; Du. /khel deuhrdd lahnt /, n. a province in E Netherlands. 1,717,458; 1965 sq. mi. (5090 sq. km). Cap.: Arnhem. Also called Guelders. * * * ▪ province, The Netherlands also called  Guelders,         provincie, eastern and… …   Universalium

  • Gelderland — Sp Gèlderlandas Ap Gelderland L Olandijos p ja …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Gelderland — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Gelderland Country and Admin Code NL.03 NL …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Gelderland — geographical name province E Netherlands bordering on IJsselmeer capital Arnhem area 1981 square miles (5131 square kilometers), population 1,839,883 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gelderland — noun A province of The Netherlands …   Wiktionary


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