Hollywood Squares

Hollywood Squares

Infobox Television
show_name = Hollywood Squares

caption = "The Hollywood Squares" title screen (1966-1981)
genre = Comedy/Quiz
creator = Merrill Heatter and Bob Quigley
developer =
presenter = Peter Marshall (1966-1981)
Jon Bauman (1983-1984)
John Davidson (1986-1989)
Tom Bergeron (1998-2004)
starring =
voices =
narrated =
country = USA
language = English
num_seasons = 25
num_episodes = 3536 (NBC daytime)
16 (Storybook Squares)
191 (Match Game Hollywood Squares Hour)
585 (Davidson)
list_episodes =
producer =
executive_producer =
location =
camera =
runtime = 30 minutes
company = Filmways Television (1966-1981)
Merrill Heatter-Bob Quigley Productions (1966-1981)
Mark Goodson Productions (1983-1984)
Orion Television (1983-1989)
Century Towers Productions (1986-1989)
Moffitt/Lee Productions (1998-2002)
One-Ho Productions (1998-2002)
Columbia Tristar Television (1998-2003)
Henry Winkler-Michael Leavitt Productions (2002-2004)
Sony Pictures Television (2003-2004)
distributor = Rhodes Productions (1971-1981)
Orion Television (1986-1989)
King World (1998-2004)
network = NBC (1966-1980)
Syndicated (1971-1981; 1986-1989; 1998-2004)
picture_format =
audio_format =
first_run =
first_aired = October 17, 1966
last_aired = September 10, 2004
preceded_by =
followed_by =
related =
website =
imdb_id =
tv_com_id =

"The Hollywood Squares" was an American television comedy and game show in which two contestants play tic-tac-toe to win money (cash) and prizes. The "board" for the game is actually a 3 × 3 vertical stack of open-faced cubes, each occupied by an entertainer (or "star") seated at a desk and facing the contestants. The stars are asked questions and the contestants judge the veracity of their answers in order to win the game.

Although "The Hollywood Squares" was a legitimate game show, the game largely acted as the background for the show's comedy. The show was "scripted" in the sense that the panel of celebrities knew the questions in advance and were provided with answers and suggestions for bluffs and jokes ("Zingers"). Typically, a star's first answer to a question was a humorous one. This was then followed by the true answer or bluff. It had to be stressed that this did "not" mean the actual "gameplay" was scripted or predetermined, as the onus was still on the contestant to determine whether or not the provided answer to a question was the correct one.

Basic rules

Although there have been variations over the years in the rules of and the prizes in the game, certain aspects of the game have remained fairly consistent.

Two contestants, a woman playing Os (noughts) as "Miss Circle" and the man playing Xs (crosses) "Mister X", took turns picking a star and following the traditional tic-tac-toe strategies for which square to select. The star was asked a question and gave an answer. The contestant had the choice of agreeing with the celebrity or disagreeing if they thought the star was bluffing. If the contestant was right, he or she got the square; if the contestant was wrong, the other contestant got the square, unless that would cause the opponent to get three in a row. In that case, the opponent had to win the square on his or her own. A player also won by getting five of his or her symbols "X" or "O" on the game board (thus preventing "cat's games" or draws); this was called a "five-square win."

Stars weren't required to give a correct answer even if they knew the answer to the question.

On rare occasions, a star would not know the correct answer to a question or be unable to come up with a decent bluff. In such instances, the contestant would be offered the question. If the contestant answered correctly, he or she got the square; if not, their opponent got the square unless it would give the other contestant three in a row or a "five-square win." Usually the contestant passed, in which case they incurred no penalty, and the same star was asked another question.

Peter Marshall's explanation of the rules:

Announcer Kenny Williams introduced Marshall as "the Master of "The Hollywood Squares;" some fans have referred to the show's hosts as "Square-Masters" since then.

Over the years that "Hollywood Squares" has aired, the host/contestant area has appeared the same. Mr. X's podium was on the left, Ms. O's podium was on the right and the host's podium was right between both contestant podiums. "The Match Game-Hollywood Squares Hour" featured a miniature tic-tac-toe board on co-host Jon Bauman's podium. Each time an X or an O won a square, the mini board would light up the won square with an X or an O. On John Davidson's version of the show, John's podium showed a Tic-Tac-Toe board with five X's and four O's, along with the Hollywood Squares logo. On Bergeron's version, the contestants usually sat at their respective desks, but this changed at the start of the 2002-2003 season, when the show altered the format and completely revamped the set. For that version's final two seasons, contestants stood behind their podiums.

Original version (1965-1981)

The show got its beginning as a black-and-white pilot episode filmed for CBS on April 21, 1965. That pilot was hosted by Bert Parks with the squares occupied by Cliff Arquette (in his "Charley Weaver" comic persona), Wally Cox, Rose Marie, Morey Amsterdam, Abby Dalton, Jim Backus, Gisele MacKenzie, Robert Q. Lewis and Vera Miles. The first five of the initial panelists were to later appear on the first broadcast week (October 17-21, 1966) and become all five of its initial regulars on NBC-TV.

CBS shot a second pilot hosted by Sandy Baron, but chose not to pick up the program with either host. A year later, NBC acquired the rights to the show and chose Peter Marshall as host, a job he held for fifteen years until 1981. During most of its daytime run, NBC broadcast "Squares" at 11:30 a.m. Eastern/10:30 a.m. Central time, where it dominated the ratings until 1976, when it moved to the first of a succession of different time slots.

The show also ran at night, first on NBC from January 12 to September 13, 1968, as a mid-season replacement for the short-lived sitcom "Accidental Family," then as a nighttime syndicated entry running from November 1, 1971 to September 11, 1981. The latter version ran once a week at first, then twice a week and finally expanded to a five-day-per-week strip in its final season.

Paul Lynde, in addition to his recurring role as "Uncle Arthur (Winsome)" on "Bewitched", had his greatest fame as the coveted "center square" throughout most of the original show's run. On October 14, 1968, after two years on the show, Lynde became the regular center square. Lynde was the only panelist on the show to win two daytime Emmy Awards, in 1974 and 1978 Fact|date=September 2007. Other regulars and semi-regulars over the years included Nanette Fabray, Kaye Ballard, John Davidson, Wally Cox, Cliff Arquette ("Charley Weaver"), Morey Amsterdam, Florence Henderson, Marty Allen, Wayland Flowers, George Gobel, Vincent Price, Rose Marie, Charo, Sandy Duncan, Carol Wayne, Jonathan Winters, Karen Valentine, Roddy McDowall and Joan Rivers. Lynde left the series after taping the August 20-24, 1979, week of shows, but returned when the series relocated to Las Vegas in the 1980-1981 season.

Some stars would frequently be asked questions pertaining to a certain topic or category. For instance, Cliff Arquette (Charley Weaver), a history buff, would often get questions on American history and would almost always give a correct answer. Rich Little would almost always get questions about other celebrities, which gave him an opportunity to do an impression of that individual. Roddy McDowall would usually give correct answers about the plays of Shakespeare. Rose Marie often got questions on dating and relationships. Lynde would always get a loaded question just so he could come up with an initial hilarious response. Some, such as Robert Fuller (then on NBC's "Emergency!") and Square-turned-Master John Davidson, were excellent bluffers. "Sanford and Son" co-star Demond Wilson frequently guested on the panel, and as a running gag, Marshall would ask an innocent question that "coincidentally" referred to Black stereotypes. Wilson always responded by walking off the show in mock anger.

The daytime series was played as a best 2-out-of-3 match between a returning champion and an opponent with each individual game worth $200 and a match worth $400; a five-match champion retired with $2,000 and a new car. During the final years of the NBC run (1977-1980), players who won five matches earned $10,000 and two new cars, a total of over $25,000. Early in the first season, from October 17, 1966 to February 10, 1967, each game awarded $100 with the winner of the match earning a $300 bonus for a total of $500. Beginning in 1976, an "endgame" of sorts was added to the show, with the champion simply selecting a star, each of whom held an envelope with a prize concealed within that features the top prize being $5,000.

Both the (twice-)weekly syndicated and NBC primetime versions featured the same two contestants playing for the entire half-hour with each completed game worth $300 (NBC primetime) or $250 (syndicated). If time ran out with a game still in progress (interrupted by what the host called the "tacky buzzer," a loud horn), each X or O on the board at that point was worth an additional $50 to the players, with each player guaranteed at least $100 in total winnings. The player with the most money at the end of the show won a bonus prize, which on the (twice-)weekly syndicated series was usually a new car. On the daily syndicated series, each game awarded its victor a prize and each winner advanced in a $100,000 tournament.

The "Secret Square"

The "Secret Square" round was played as the first or second game on a given broadcast (or the first complete game if a show began with one already in progress) during the daytime series. In this game, a randomly selected "Secret Square" panelist was revealed only to the home audience. A contestant who picked that panelist during the game won a bonus prize if they correctly agreed or disagreed with the star. Secret Square prize packages were typically valued between $1,000 and $2,000, with the biggest being worth $11,110. The question for the star was sealed in a special envelope and was almost always of the multiple choice type. The audience was cautioned not to shout out any answers.

In the syndicated version, initially the first two games were Secret Square games; if no one claimed the prize in the first round, it would carry over to the second round. Beginning in 1973, the first three games would have a Secret Square, with prizes changing each game. On this version, a Secret Square package was usually worth between $2,000 and $7,000. The Secret Square was axed in 1980 when the syndicated show expanded to 5 days a week.

The daytime show aired its 3536th and last episode on June 20, 1980. "Squares" ran for one more year in syndication; this last year of shows was taped at the Riviera Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada.

"The Hollywood Squares" Broadcast History

NBC Daytime (Monday-Friday)
* October 17, 1966-October 1, 1976 NBC-TV at 11:30am-12 NOON Eastern (10:30-11:00am Central)
* October 4, 1976-September 29, 1978 NBC-TV at 10:30-11:00am (9:30-10:00am)
* October 2, 1978-March 2, 1979 NBC-TV at 1:00-1:30pm (12 NOON-12:30pm) or 4:00-4:30pm (3:00-3:30pm)
* March 5-August 10, 1979 NBC-TV at 12:30-1:00pm (11:30am-12 NOON)
* August 13, 1979-June 20, 1980 NBC-TV at 10:30-11:00am (9:30-10:00am).

NBC Nighttime (Friday Night)
* January 12-September 13, 1968 NBC-TV at 9:30-10:00pm (8:30-9:00pm).

Marshall wrote about his experiences on the show in the 2002 book "Backstage With The Original Hollywood Square" (ISBN 1-55853-980-8). He would make high salary demands whenever his contract was up for renewal hoping to be fired as a consequence. Much to his surprise (or dismay), his demands were always met.

Storybook Squares

"Storybook Squares," a Saturday-morning children's version of "Hollywood Squares," aired briefly from January 4 to August 30, 1969. It featured stars dressed as fairy tale, television, and historical characters. It would later air occasionally in the 1970s during the run of the original Marshall version. In an interview with E!'s "True Hollywood Story," Marshall lauded the concept, but lamented that by the time each of the characters was introduced, very little of the show's half-hour format was left for actual gameplay.Fact|date=May 2008


There have been several revivals, each with variations in the prize-winning rules but still based on the core premise.


From October 31, 1983 to July 27, 1984, Jon "Bowzer" Bauman of Sha-Na-Na hosted a version packaged back-to-back with "Match Game". "The Match Game - Hollywood Squares Hour" as it was called was jointly owned by Mark Goodson Productions and Orion Television, which had purchased the rights to "Squares" upon acquiring the Filmways production company. While the basic game play was similar to the versions before and after it, there were several major differences. Each square was worth $25 plus a bonus for winning each game ($100 in round 1, $200 in round 2, $300 in round 3, etc.). Also, there was no "Secret Square" and all questions were true/false or multiple choice. Additionally, contestants were able to win "by default" if an opponent made a mistake while attempting to block. Unlike other versions of the show, panelists were not provided with humorous or bluff answers in advance.


John Davidson hosted "The New Hollywood Squares". This version was produced by Century Towers Productions for Orion Television, from September 15, 1986 to September 8, 1989. Shadoe Stevens was the announcer and from midway through the 1st season onward was also a regular panelist (always occupying the bottom-center square and introduced last), with his brother Richard subbing for him on occasion. On one occasion, Howard Stern filled in for Stevens during shows taped at Radio City Music Hall. Stern uses his stint on the show as a source of jokes to this day. Most seasons featured Joan Rivers as the center square. Jm J. Bullock was another regular usually occupying the upper-left square. Both Bullock and Stevens did guest-hosting stints while Rivers hosted on an April Fools' Day episode.

The rules of the game reverted to the original rules from the Marshall era; most notably in that games could not be won due to an opponent's error. For the first season, each game was worth $500 with a bonus of $100 per square if time ran out in the middle of a game in progress. Beginning in season two, the third and subsequent games were worth $1,000 with $200 given for each square claimed when time ran out. The second game on every show was a "Secret Square" game, mostly played for a trip.

Car round

The day's winner would choose one of five keys, which would start one of five cars. The contestant would also choose a good luck celebrity to sit in or stand beside the car. After the audience and Davidson counted to three, the contestant turned the key. If it was the right one, the contestant won the car and retired undefeated. Otherwise the contestant returned the next day with that car eliminated should he or she return to the bonus game. The contestant automatically won whatever car was left on the fifth day should they have gone that far without starting the car. Each week featured a different set of five cars, usually all sharing the same make. In the event that a champion crossed over to a new set of cars, he or she picked a new key with the lowest-valued cars already eliminated corresponding to the number of prior attempts. In the final season, each of the nine celebrities held a key, and all five cars were available each day, no matter how many times the champion had been to the bonus round. The champion had to pick a key each day. At this point, champions could simply stay on until winning a car or until they were defeated.


The Davidson version was one of the first game shows to go "on the road" and tape episodes from remote locations including Hollywood, Florida and Radio City Music Hall in New York City. The Florida shows were unique in that they used a manual set, where the stars would insert cards into their podiums containing either an orange or a pair of crossed water-skis depending on if O or X (respectively) won the square (dollar amounts won by the contestants were displayed by hooking the cards to their podiums in a manner similar to a gasoline station attendant changing the gasoline grade prices on a station's sign).

Otherwise, the Davidson series was produced at the Hollywood Center Studios, except for a very short time the program was taped at the NBC Burbank Studios (the show's home base for all but the final syndicated year of the Marshall era). The show moved to Universal Studios Hollywood for its final season.

This version of "Squares" became noted for gimmickry a la "I've Got A Secret", such as musical questions (wherein Davidson, a former recording artist, sang songs for the celebrity to finish), questions involving props in a panelist's square or presented as skits involving outside actors, "surprise" special guests and so on. One week, the entire group of Solid Gold Dancers managed to squeeze into a single square; other times, the lower left square would turn into a rectangle to accommodate extra stars or props, such as kitchens for Wolfgang Puck, Joe Carcione or Justin Wilson. Richard Simmons once led the audience in exercise routines. Ray Combs once led the audience in singing a rendition of the theme to "The Brady Bunch". TV alien puppet ALF, supposedly on a dare from host Davidson, actually guest hosted one episode. And on a memorable April Fool's Day episode in 1987, the two contestants were actually actors hired by the producers to play a joke on the host and panel. (The climax of this gag, featuring the female "contestant" shoving the male off of the set's raised contestant desks are the popular staple of game show blooper specials, and inspired another prank on the later version, see below.) Although such gimmicks made the show a popular favorite early on, its momentum could not be maintained long term, and it folded after just three years. The final episode ended with the cast and crew singing "Happy Trails to You!", then disappearing off the set while soundbites from the series played.


After KingWorld bought the worldwide format rights to the show from MGM (successor-in-interest to Orion Pictures and Filmways, who produced the respective previous incarnations of the series) in 1997, a revival of the format was assembled. On September 14, 1998, the version debuted, hosted by Tom Bergeron. Whoopi Goldberg, who also served as co-producer, was the "Center Square" for the first four seasons.

Stevens, announcer for the Davidson version, revived his voice-over role for most of the Bergeron run (though he was not featured as a panelist) with Jeffrey Tambor taking over for the 2002-03 season, followed by John Moschitta for the final season. It was taped in Studio 33 at CBS Television City.

For the first several weeks of the 1998-1999 season, first and second games were worth $500, the third game was worth $1,000 and fourth and subsequent games were worth $2,000. If time ran out during a game, $250 was awarded for each square captured.

These figures were doubled shortly after and would remain at the same value for most of the series.

In the last season, the "two-out-of-three match" format from the Marshall daytime version returned. Each game was worth $1,000 and the first player to win two games played the bonus round. The previous season's scoring format was used during theme weeks where certain groups of people (lifeguards, celebrity lookalikes) played.

The first season also saw up to two "Secret Square" games. The first one was in its customary position as the second game played on each episode, with its prize package carrying over to the third game if it was not won. From the second season onwards, the "Secret Square" reverted to its old Marshall-era format: played as the second game on each show worth an accruing prize package (Bergeron referred to it as "The Secret Square Stash"). In the last season, the "Secret Square" was played in the second game of each match, with a different prize offered each time.

For the first season, this version had no returning champions; two new contestants played on each show. Beginning with the second season, the show began having returning champs, who were allowed to remain for a maximum of five days; it was also during this season that the show began having an annual Tournament of Champions each May, with the season's five-time champs returning to compete for additional cash and prizes.


The end game underwent numerous changes throughout the run of the Bergeron version.

"Pick a Star and Win a Prize"

Originally, the show used the same "pick a star, win a prize" format the Marshall version had used during its last few years on the air. Within several weeks, this had been slightly adjusted to where the day's winner had to correctly agree or disagree with a "Secret Square"-style question to win that prize. For the first season (when there were no returning champs), and for some special weeks in subsequent seasons, if a contestant was unsuccessful in winning the bonus prize, he/she received an additional $2,500 as a consolation prize.

Big Money Round

In November 2001, in the wake of shows such as "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire" raising the bar in terms of prize money, "Squares" adopted an entirely new endgame; the champion selected one of the nine panelists to be their partner for the round, each of whom concealed a different dollar amount from $1,000-$5,000. The contestant and celebrity were then asked as many questions as possible in 60 seconds. The two conferred, but only the contestant answered the question. At the end of time, if the player so desired, he or she risked the total money earned on one final double-or-nothing question (of which only the category of it was told to the contestant beforehand). In this fashion, this game earned a player as much as $100,000. The most money won in this game was $60,000.

New Key Bonus Round

Also in this season, the "ten questions" endgame was dropped and replaced with yet another bonus round, this one a variation of the "car keys" game from the Davidson version. This time, the player selected one from up to nine keys, only one of which opened or started a given grand prize. Before choosing a key, however, he or she played a game to eliminate incorrect keys from the selection process. The contestant had 30 seconds to answer as many true/false questions about celebrities on that week's panel as possible, and with each correct answer one false key was taken off the board. Also in the fifth season, for each returning champion, an incorrect key was eliminated for every time the contestant failed to win the prize previously. If the contestant won the grand prize and repeated as champion the next day, he/she played for a new prize, starting again with nine keys. For themed shows, champions got one key taken off the board at the outset (in addition to any keys taken away for correct answers). If a contestant selected the wrong key during any bonus round, he/she won $500 (later $1,000) for each correct answer as a consolation prize. The prize structure was as follows:
* 1st win: Car
* 2nd: $25,000 (in safe)
* 3rd: Trip Around the World or Trip of a Lifetime (in steamer trunk)
* 4th: $50,000 (in safe)
* 5th: $100,000 (in safe)No contestant ever advanced to a fifth prize. Two contestants made it to the fourth level, but failed to win the $50,000 bonus. Three contestants swept all nine stars during this version of the bonus round, guaranteeing them the grand prize.

In the final season, champions always had nine keys to work with each time they played the bonus round, regardless of the prior number of appearances, and the amount for each correct answer went back to $500. The prize structure was also changed (but somewhat cheaper):

* 1st win: Trip (steamer trunk)
* 2nd: $10,000 (safe)
* 3rd: Luxury Car
* 4th: $25,000 (safe)
* 5th: Trip Around the World (steamer trunk)Only one person reached the fifth prize in the final season, however they failed to win the trip.

This era of "Squares" was notable for its reliance on "theme weeks." One of the most well-known was a December 9-13, 2002 "Game Show Week" which featured Peter Marshall in the Center Square, marking the first time he had appeared on any version of the program since 1981 (although in 1993 and 1994 he appeared as host of a parody version in several episodes of the sketch comedy program "In Living Color"). On the Thursday show of that week, Marshall and Bergeron traded places, with Bergeron in the center square and Marshall hosting. Marshall had refused to appear on the Whoopi Goldberg-produced shows as he disliked them immensely, feeling they were too crude in tone. However, the show never regained the popularity it enjoyed after Goldberg's departure, and the series ended on June 4, 2004 due to declining ratings. Reruns from that season ended on September 10, 2004 in syndication, but they later moved to GSN.

Two episodes of this version had been noted in blooper specials. The first episode came in the show's second season, where the first game of the show took the entire episode to complete, because of the contestants' inability to correctly agree or disagree with panelist Gilbert Gottfried's answers (which he would follow by yelling "YOU FOOL!" at the contestants) six times in a row, as he was the only remaining panelist and it would have resulted in a five-square win for either contestant. The second episode included the April Fools' prank played on Tom Bergeron in the show's fifth season, featuring E. E. Bell (best known as Bob Rooney on "Married...with Children") as an obnoxious contestant who kept pushing his overly emotional opponent until she broke down in tears, in addition to testing Bergeron's patience.

Theme Songs

The first theme song used from 1966 to 1969 was an orchestration of "The Silly Song" by Jimmie Haskell; however, the music used on the show that's not the version released on the LP ("Jimmie Haskell's French Horns, Vol. 2"). The track found on the LP is a version with vocals and has a different instrumentation than the version used on the program.

The second and most famous theme was composed by William Loose: "Bob & Merrill's Theme", named for Bob Quigley and Merrill Heatter, the show's creators and original co-executive producers. The theme was used from 1969 to 1979, but was edited in later broadcasts, cutting out a piccolo solo- a very popular part of the song itself, one that is highly sought after by "Hollywood Squares" collectors and enthusiasts. This version of the theme song (minus the piccolo) is available on "The Best of TV Quiz and Game Show Themes;" however, the track on the CD was edited even further by removing more of the organ solo, although the first twelve bars of the theme are repeated near the beginning of the track to make up for the shortened length.

A third theme song was used from 1979 to 1981. Stan Worth recorded a "disco-fied" version of "Bob & Merrill's Theme" and renamed it as "The Hollywood Bowl." Three versions of "The Hollywood Bowl" were created for the show--one for the opening music, one for the secret square prize descriptions and one for the main theme.

The theme to "The Match Game-Hollywood Squares Hour" was composed by Edd Kalehoff for Score Productions. Even as the show ended its run in 1984, the theme is still heard as a car prize cue on "The Price is Right" and was used for similar purposes on the late-'80s revival of "Card Sharks". The theme to the 1986-1989 edition and its cues were composed by Stormy Sacks. The 1998-2004 edition had two themes. The first theme was composed by Jennifer May Mauldaur & Paul David Weinberg, performed by Whoopi Goldberg and was used from 1998 to 2002. The second theme was a re-recording of the Teena Marie song "Square Biz", originally written in 1981, and was used from 2002 to 2004.

Other versions

*In Spain, "Tres en Raya", a sixty minute version hosted by Carolina Ferre, has aired on La Sexta since 2007. The show previously aired from 1990-1992 as "VIP Noche" on Telecinco, hosted by Emilio Aragón, who is now president of La Sexta.

*An Italian version called "Il gioco dei 9" ran on Italia 1 in 2004. Enrico Papi was the host.

*A UK version of the show, called "Celebrity Squares" and hosted by Bob Monkhouse, appeared on ITV from 1975 to 1979 which was produced by Associated TeleVision; it was revived with the same host from 1993 to 1996 produced by Reg Grundy Productions for Central Television, the 1993 series named "New Celebrity Squares".

:Repeats of New Celebrity Squares now air every Saturday and Sunday morning between 10AM and 11:30AM on the Challenge game show channel.

*In Australia, the show has been known as "Celebrity Squares, Personality Squares" and "All-Star Squares", and was scheduled to return in 2005; however, the show didn't go ahead as the Australian version of "Wheel of Fortune" was revived in its place.

*In Germany, a daily version aired called "XXO: Fritz & Co." hosted by Fritz Egner aired on Sat.1 from 1995-1996. Later, a weekly version of the show called "Star Weekend" aired on RTL from 1999-2000. Marco Ströhlein was the host.

*A Russian edition of the show aired for short time in Moscow in the early 1990s.

*Sweden had a version of the program in the 1980s and 90s, called "Prat I Kvadrat", "Talking In A Square", Pun translation: "Talking Squared".

*In Brazil the program is named "Jogo da Velha". It was hosted by Fausto Silva on Sunday mornings. The program ran from 1989 until 1993.

*In Singapore, the show was called Celebrity Squares and ran on MediaCorp TV Channel 5 in 2001. A Chinese version was also ran on MediaCorp TV Channel 8, called 名人 Tic Tac Toe, for 4 seasons before ending in 2003.

*In Malaysia, the show was broadcasted in Malay, with the occasional use of English. Like the Singaporean version, this show was named Celebrity Squares. It ran on ntv7 from July 2002 to 2003, and was hosted by Sharifah Shahirah during that period.

*In Turkey. the show was called "XOX: Kare Akademisi" which aired on Show TV from 1993-1994 and then on aTV from 1994-1996; hosted by Yalçın Menteş.

*Prior to his stint hosting France's version of "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire", Jean-Pierre Foucault hosted that country's version of "Hollywood Squares" during the 1980s for TF1, called "L'Academie des 9". It was also one of the games played on France's version of "Gameshow Marathon".

*There was also an Arabic version of the show in the 1980s and the early 1990s. It featured celebrities from various Arab countries (most often Kuwait, where the show was filmed), and was hosted by well-known Television presenter and noted education figure Shareef Al Alami.

Home versions

Watkins-Strathmore created the first two home versions of the show in 1967. Ideal issued a version of the game in 1974 with a picture of Peter Marshall on the box; this was the first of the adaptations to featured humorous gag names for the celebrities (The game was also marketed in the UK under the name "Celebrity Squares" with a picture of UK host Bob Monkhouse). Milton Bradley created two versions, first in 1980 based on the Marshall version, then in 1986 for the Davidson version, with a 3D board and twelve "celebrities" to insert onto the board. Parker Brothers released a similar game in 1999 based on the Bergeron version. This one saw the return of play money and "Secret Square" rules, missing since the original game.

GameTek released a version of "Hollywood Squares" in 1988 for MS-DOS, Commodore 64 and Apple II computers and later for the NES. In 1999, Tiger Electronics released an electronic LCD handheld game based on the Bergeron version. In 2002, the official "Hollywood Squares" website had an online version of the show using the celebrities that were on that week.


* The Bergeron version (only the very last season) aired on GSN until it was taken off the regular schedule during the summer of 2007.
* It was believed that NBC destroyed the whole Marshall version, but during a search for original master tapes of the soap opera "Dark Shadows", at least 100 network master tapes of the classic "Hollywood Squares" episodes were discovered. A majority of these episodes, which aired on GSN in 2002 and 2003, were of the 1970s syndication run, while others were of the network nighttime version shown in the late 1960s. One episode, aired on GSN for Halloween 2002, was of a special 1977 "Storybook Squares" week.
* A 1967 episode of the Marshall version exists on Kinescope among traders. Several episodes of the Marshall daytime version from 1976 to 1980 including the daytime finale exist among game show collectors.
* The Davidson version exists and reran on the USA Network from September 11, 1989 to June 25, 1993. This version & the Marshall version are both owned by MGM Television.
* All of the Bauman version's episodes are assumed to be intact, but the "Match Game-Hollywood Squares Hour" has never been rerun on any network, primarily because of cross-ownership issues between Sony/Comcast (the consortium whose partners are successors-in-interest to MGM) and FremantleMedia (successor-in-interest to Mark Goodson Productions). There have also been rumors that co-host Gene Rayburn (who reportedly hated working with Bauman) requested that the show not be aired again, but this has not been confirmed.
* The most recent version is co-owned by Sony Pictures Television & CBS Television Distribution; CTD holds the full format rights to HS, as well as the rest of the Merrill Heatter/Bob Quigley library.
* In the early 1970s, a "Zingers From the Hollywood Squares" vinyl record was released (along with 2 companion books), containing the audio tracks of what were considered to be some of the show's funniest moments. A CD of the album was included in Peter Marshall's book.

External links

* [http://www.classicsquares.com/ A tribute to the original "The Hollywood Squares"]
* [http://www.ukgameshows.com/index.php/Celebrity_Squares UK Gameshows Page: "Celebrity Squares"]
* [http://www.curtalliaume.com/squares.html Curt Alliaume's history of the Hollywood Squares]
* [http://www.xanfan.com/othergrabs/hs.htm Screencaps of The 80s Hollywood Squares]
* [http://mystica401.50webs.com/hollywoodsquares Information on the 1998-2004 incarnation]

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