Abraham Bosse


Abraham Bosse

Abraham Bosse (c. 1602-1604 [Based on recent research, his date of birth is closer to 1603 than the traditionally given birth year of 1602. Bosse's apprenticeship contract was found in which it is mentioned that he was aged 16 at the date of signing the contract (June 16, 1620). [http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/actualites/celebrations2004/abosse.htm] ] – February 14 1676) was a French artist, mainly as a printmaker in etching, but also in watercolour.

Life

He was born to Huguenot (Calvinist) parents in Tours, France, where his father had moved from Germany. His father was a tailor, and Bosse's work always depicted clothes in loving detail [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/017.htm] . He married Catherine Sarrabat at Tours in 1632. He remained a Huguenot, dying before the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, but was happy to illustrate religious subjects to Catholic taste [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/118.htm] .

Work

Roughly 1600 etchings are attributed to him, with subjects including: daily life [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/074.htm] , religion [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/109.htm] , literature [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/106.htm] , history [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/168.htm] , fashion [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/040.htm] , technology [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/215.htm] , and science [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/195.htm] . Most of his output was illustrations for books, but many were also sold separately. His style grows from Dutch and Flemish art, but is given a strongly French flavour. Many of his images give fascinating and informative detail about middle and upper-class daily life in the period, although they must be treated with care as historical evidence [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/081.htm] . His combination of very carefully depicted grand interiors with relatively trivial domestic subjects [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/070.htm] was original and highly influential on French art, and also abroad — William Hogarth's engravings are, among other things, a parody of the style. Most of his images are perhaps best regarded as illustrations rather than art.

He was apprenticed in Paris about 1620 to the Antwerp-born engraver Melchior Tavernier (1564–1641), who was also an important publisher. His first etchings date to 1622, and are influenced by Jacques Bellange. Following a meeting in Paris about 1630, he became a follower of Jacques Callot, whose technical innovations in etching he popularised in a famous and much translated "Manual of Etching"(1645), the first to be published [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/209.htm] . He took Callot's highly detailed small images to a larger size, and a wider range of subject matter.

Unlike Callot, his declared aim, in which he largely succeeded, was to make etchings look like engravings, to which end he sacrificed willingly the freedom of the etched line, whilst certainly exploiting to the full the speed of the technique. Like most etchers, he frequently used engraving on a plate in addition to etching, but produced no pure engravings.

Controversy

In 1641 he began to attend classes given by the architect Girard Desargues (1591–1661) on perspective and other technical aspects of depiction. Bosse not only adopted these methods but also published a series of works between 1643–1653 explaining and promoting them [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/grand/278.htm] .

In 1648, when Mazarin established the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, Bosse was made a founding member. However his publicising of Desargues' methods embroiled him in a controversy with Charles Le Brun and his followers who had different methods, and also a belief that "genius" rather than technical method should be the guide in creating artworks. In 1661 Bosse was forced to withdraw from the Academy; he established his own school as an alternative.

Major works


=Etchings &

* _fr. "Le jardin de la Noblesse françoise" — fashion (partly after Jean de St-Igny)(1629)
* _fr. "Les Cris de Paris" (ca. 1630) — street cries
* _fr. "Les gardes françoises" (1632)
* _fr. "Le mariage à la ville, le mariage à la campagne" (1633) — bourgeois vs pastoral weddings
* _fr. "Les métiers" (1635?) — The trades
* Plates for _fr. "L'Ariane" (1639)
* _fr. "La manière universelle de M. des Argues Lyonnois pour poser l'essieu & placer les heures & autres choses aux cadrans au Soleil" (1643), printed by P. de Hayes, Paris
* _fr. "La pratique du trait à preuve de M. des Argues Lyonnois pour la coupe des pierres en Architecture pratiquer la perspective" (1643)
* _fr. "Traité des manières de graver en taille douce sur l'airin par le moyen des eaux-fortes..." (1645) The "Manual of Etching".
* _fr. "Manière universelle de M. des Argues pour pratiquer la perspective par petit-pied comme le géométral..." (1648) — Manual on perspective
* _fr. "Moyen universel de pratiquer la perspective sur les tableaux ou surfaces irrégulières..." (1653)
* The famous frontispiece for Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes (1651) was created with input from Hobbes.
*Plates for _fr. "La Pucelle ou la France délivrée" (1656)
* _fr. "Des ordres des colonnes" (1664) — Architecture
* _fr. "Traité des pratiques géométrales et de perspective" (1665)

Later Collections

* "Die Kunst, in Kupfer zu stechen", Ilmer, Osnabrück 1975 (Repr. d. Ausg. Nürnberg 1765)
* "Radier-Büchlein. Handelt von der Etzkunst, nemlich wie man mit Scheidwasser in Kupfer etzen, das Wasser und wie auch den harten und weichen Etzgrund machen solle", Moos, München 1977, ISBN 3-7879-0088-8 (Repr. d. Ausg. Nürnberg 1689)

References

*S. Join-Lambert, J.-P. Manceau — _fr. "Abraham Bosse, graveur et sçavant" (1995), _fr. CRDP de la région Centre, ISBN 2-903-769-15-X
*S. Join-Lambert, M. Préaud (ed.) — _fr. "Abraham Bosse, savant graveur" (2004), _fr. BNF-Musée des Beaux-arts de Tours, diffusion éd. du Seuil. ISBN 2-7177-2283-1
*Dhombres, Sakharovitch (ed.) — _fr. "Desargues en son temps" (1994), libr. Albert Blanchard, Paris

Notes

External links

* [http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/actualites/celebrations2004/abosse.htm Dossier on Abraham Bosse] by the French ministry of culture. (in French)
* [http://expositions.bnf.fr/bosse/index.htm] BNF exhibition feature, with many images & much text in French — click _fr. "feuilletoirs" for image galleries, then choose from menu on left


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