Bruce Fraser, 1st Baron Fraser of North Cape


Bruce Fraser, 1st Baron Fraser of North Cape

Infobox Military Person
name= The Lord Fraser of North Cape
lived= 5 February 1888 – 12 February 1981
placeofbirth= Acton, Middlesex
placeofdeath=London


caption=Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser on board HMS "Duke of York" at Guam.
nickname=
allegiance= flagicon|United Kingdom United Kingdom
serviceyears= 1904 - 1951
rank= Admiral of the Fleet
commands= Home Fleet
British Pacific Fleet
First Sea Lord
branch=
unit=
battles=World War I
World War II
*Battle of North Cape
*Battle of Okinawa
awards= Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
laterwork=

Admiral of the Fleet Bruce Austin Fraser, 1st Baron Fraser of North Cape GCB, KBE (5 February 1888 – 12 February 1981) was a senior British admiral during World War II.

Early naval career

He joined the Royal Navy as a Cadet on 15 January 1904. Fraser rapidly marked himself out as a young man who had the potential to go far in the service and achieved first class passes in all his Sub-Lieutenant's exams, which he took between March 1907 and December 1908. He was promoted Sub-Lieutenant on 15 March 1907 and Lieutenant on 15 March 1908. His time in these ranks was mainly spent in the Channel and Mediterranean Fleets. He returned to the Home Fleet in August 1910 and remained there serving in HMS "Boadicea" until the end of July the following year. On 31 July 1911 Fraser joined HMS "Excellent", the Royal Navy's school of Gunnery at Whale Island in Portsmouth harbour where he commenced the 'long course' to qualify as a specialist Gunnery Lieutenant.

econd World War

Fraser was Commander-in-Chief of the Home Fleet during the later stages of the naval war in Europe, and during that period he commanded the Royal Navy force that destroyed the "Scharnhorst" at the Battle of North Cape in December 1943. That battle took place whilst Fraser's forces were escorting a convoy to Murmansk in the Soviet Union. Following his command of the Home Fleet, he went east in the summer of 1944 to take command of the powerful British Pacific Fleet. Unlike his time in command of the Home Fleet this was not a seagoing command. He commanded from ashore in Australia. The BPF took part in the assault on Okinawa and the final strikes on the Japanese home islands.

Fraser was the British signer of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender on 2 September 1945.

Retirement

He was enobled as Baron Fraser of North Cape in 1946.

Following the war he became First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff in 1948. He retired in 1951 with the rank of Admiral of the Fleet.

References

*Murfett, Malcolm H.(1995). "The First Sea Lords from Fisher to Mountbatten". Westport. ISBN 0-275-94231-7
*Heathcote T. A. (2002). "The British Admirals of the Fleet 1734 - 1995". Pen & Sword Ltd. ISBN 0 85052 835 6

External links

* [http://www.admirals.org.uk/admirals/fleet/fraserba.php Transcription of Official Service Records on www.admirals.org.uk]


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