Food manufacture


Food manufacture

Food manufacture is the process by which food is manufactured.

History

Early food processing techniques were limited by the available food preservation, packaging and transportation. Early food processing mainly involved salting, curing, curdling, drying, pickling and smoking. An example of an early processed food product is cheese.

During the industrialisation era in the 19th century, food manufacturing arose. This development took advantage of new mass markets and emerging new technology, such as milling, preservation, packaging and labelling and transportation. It brought the advantages of prepared time-saving food to the bulk of ordinary people who did not employ domestic servants.

At the start of the 21st century, a two-tier structure has arisen, with a few international food processing giants controlling a wide range of well-known food brands, and a populous number of small local or national food processing companies.

Types of manufactured food

* Drinks: beer, juice, soft drink, squash, wine.
* Bread is a staple food for many nations, being made of risen dough of wheat or other cereals
* Cakes and cookies
* Cheese is a curdled milk product, of which many varieties exist.
* Dessert is a course, usually sweet, and generally served after the main course, e.g. Ice cream.
* French fries, Chips
* Functional food
* Jam and Jelly
* Pasta
* Pie
* Pizza
* Processed meats
* Sandwiches
* Salad
* Sauce
* Sausage

ee also

*Best before
*Canning
*Food coloring
*Food quality
*Snap freezing
*Food additive
*Flavoring
*Enzyme
*Genetically modified food
*Pasteurization
*Shelf-life
*Ultra-high temperature processing


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