- Kaohsiung International Airport
name = Kaohsiung International Airport
nativename-a = 高雄國際機場
IATA = KHH
ICAO = RCKH
type = Public
operator = Civil Aeronautics Administration
city-served = Kaohsiung
elevation-f = 31
elevation-m = 9
coordinates = Coord|22|34|37|N|120|21|00|E|type:airport
r1-number = 09/27
r1-length-f = 10,335
r1-length-m = 3,150
Kaohsiung International Airport (zh-t|t=高雄國際機場) Airport codes|KHH|RCKH, also credited as Siaogang International Airport (zh-t|t=小港國際機場) for the
Siaogang Districtwhere it is located, is a medium-sized commercial airport located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Kaohsiung International Airport is the second-largest airport in Taiwan in terms of passenger movement and accounts for around 15% of international passenger movements in Taiwan [cite web|url=http://www.immigration.gov.tw/immigration/filesystem/news_doc/area_in.htm|title=Republic of China Immigration Bureau Statistics] .
Originally built as a military airport by the
Japanese during the Taiwan under Japanese ruleera, Kaohsiung Airport retained its military purpose when the ROC government just took control of Taiwan. Due to the need for civil transportation in southern Taiwan, it was demilitarized and converted into a domestic civil airport in 1965, and further upgraded to international airport in 1969, with regular international flights starting in 1972.
During 1970s and 1980s, this airport's international flights were rare, with
Hong Kongand Tokyobeing the only two destinations. Since early 1990s, the dedicated connection flights to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airportwere inaugurated and this brought southern Taiwan travelers much convenience; they can transit via the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport where there is a higher availability of international flights. Meantime, direct flights to South-east Asiacities were also gradually opened. This reduced the inconvenience that travelers in southern Taiwan needed to travel to the northern Taoyuan then flew south. These contributed to a steady growth in airport passenger/flight movements and a new terminal dedicated to international flights was opened in 1997.
In summer 1998,
EVA Airopened a direct flight from Kaohsiung to Los Angelesbut it was discontinued only three months later due to low ridership. Northwest Airlinesalso served this airport, operating from Kansai Airport(1999~2001) and Narita Airport(2002~2003). These two routes were separately suspended due to the low load factor caused by the September 11, 2001 attacksand SARS.
Taiwan High Speed Rail's inauguration in January 2007, the Kaohsiung airport suffered great losses in passenger/flight movements; the Taiwan High Speed Rail and record-high costs of jet fuel are eating up most load factors to Taipei Songshan Airportand Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (frequent buses link the Taoyuan Airport and the High Speed Rail Taoyuan Station). Some carriers dropped the two routes while other carriers reduced flights. Carriers now pin their hopes on the increasing charter flights to Japan and Korea as well as the possibility of direct flights to mainland Chinaas promised by President Ma Ying-jeou.
Kaohsiung International Airport has two terminals - domestic and international.
The domestic terminal was built in 1965 when the airport was first opened as a civilian airport. Through the years, it has undergone numerous small expansions and improvements, but
jet bridges were never added. For the most part, this is acceptable since the domestic terminal primarily serves smaller planes that do not require the use of jet bridges. The current domestic-terminal building also served international flights before the opening of the new international terminal in 1997.
The international terminal opened in 1997 and all gates have jet bridges. It serves all international flights and connecting flights to
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. Connecting passengers proceed through immigration in Kaohsiung and do not need to repeat the procedure in Taoyuan, avoiding congestions in Taoyuan and saving much time between flights. Like many modern airport terminals, the building has a high ceiling in the check-in area and its exterior uses glass panels extensively. The floor area for the international terminal is three times more than that of the domestic terminal.
Daily Air(Cimei, Wang-an)
Mandarin Airlines(Hualien, Taipei-Songshan)
TransAsia Airways(Kinmen, Makung)
Uni Air(Kinmen, Makung)
China Airlines(Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Manila, Nagoya-Centrair, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan)
Malaysia Airlines(Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur)
Mandarin Airlines(Cebu, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Laoag, Taipei-Taoyuan)
Uni AirHanoi, Ho Chi Minh City)
Vietnam Airlines(Ho Chi Minh City)
China Airlines and Uni Air operate charters from Kaohsiung to many Japanese cities including
Asahigawa, Hakodate, Sapporo, Hanamaki, Obihiro, Nagasaki and Kumamoto, mostly during long vacations.
China Airlines Cargo(Hong Kong, Manila, Taipei-Taoyuan)
*Cathay Pacific Airways (took over by its subsidiary Dragonair since 1996)
Far Eastern Air Transport(Hanoi, Jeju City, Laoag, suspended after this carrier's bankruptcyin May 2008)
Fed Ex(suspended due to unprofitability in 2007)
Northwest Airlines(Detroit, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita) (1999~2003)
Singapore Airlines(suspended due to the low load factor caused by SARSin 2003. Continued by its subsidiary SilkAir since 2007)
Thai Airways International(suspended Bangkok route and code-shared with China Airlines since 2004)
buslines serve the airport. The airport is also accessible by Kaohsiung MRT. Travelers can also transfer to Taiwan High Speed Rail Zuoying Stationvia the MRT red line.
Transportation in Taiwan
* [http://www.kia.gov.tw/english/e_index.asp Kaohsiung International Airport Official website]
* [http://www.kaohsiung-khh.airports-guides.com Guide to Kaohsiung Airport]
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