Toboggan


Toboggan

A toboggan is a simple sled used on snow, to carry one or more people (often children) down a hill or other slope, for recreation. Designs vary from simple, traditional models to modern engineered composites. A toboggan differs from most sleds or sleighs in that it has no runners or skis on the underside. The bottom of a toboggan rides directly on the snow. The Olympic version of this sport is bobsleigh which extends the curved front of the toboggan to full sidewalls and includes runners. Some parks include designated toboggan hills where ordinary sleds are not allowed and which may include toboggan runs similar to bobsleigh courses.

The traditional toboggan is made of bound, parallel wood slats, all bent forward at the front to form a sideways 'J' shape. A thin rope is run through the top of the loop to provide rudimentary steering. The frontmost rider places their feet in the loop and sits on the flat bed; any others sit behind them and grasp the waist of the person before them.

Modern recreational toboggans are typically manufactured from wood or aluminum. Larger, more rugged models are made for commercial or rescue use.

The toboggan is a traditional form of transport used by the Innu and Cree of northern Canada.

: The Mountaineer [Innu] method is the only one adapted for the interior parts of the country: their sleds are made of two thin boards of birch; each about six inches broad, a quarter of an inch thick, and six feet long: these are fastened parallel to each other by slight battens, sewed on with thongs of deer-skin; and the foremost end is curved up to rise over the inequalities of the snow. Each individual who is able to walk, is furnished with one of these; but those for the children are proportionately less. On them they stow all their goods, and also their infants; which they bundle up very warm in deer-skins. The two ends of a leather thong are tied to the corners of the sled; the bight or double part of which is placed against the breast, and in that manner it is drawn along. The men go first, relieving each other in the lead by turns; the women follow next, and the children, according to their strength, bring up the rear; and, as they all walk in rackets [snowshoes] , the third or fourth person finds an excellent path to walk on, let the snow be ever so light (Townsend 1911:357–358).

Toboggans are used by most ski patrols to transport patients. Most are made of fiberglass and have attached handles extending from the front. In this case, a patroller skis while positioned between handles. Some ski patrol toboggans have a second set of handles at the rear for a seconds ski patroller, or a safety line attached to the rear. Most ski patrol toboggan handles are hinged so that they can be folded backwards either for storage or uphill transport on ski lifts.

References

* Townsend, Charles Wendell, ed. (1911). "Sixth Voyage, 1786," "Captain Cartwright and his Labrador Journal", Boston: Dana Estes & Company.A toboggan also is a common term for a winter cap.

ee also

* Bobsled
* Luge
* Tuque
* Skeleton (sport)


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • toboggan — [ tɔbɔgɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1890; tobagane 1691; mot d o. algonquine otaban « traîne », repris au canadien 1 ♦ Traîneau à longs patins métalliques. Piste de toboggan. Au Canada, Traîneau sans patins, fait de planches minces recourbées à l avant, appelé… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Toboggan — im Wintersport Toboggan Rutsche auf ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toboggan — To*bog gan, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Tobogganed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Tobogganing}.] To slide down hill over the snow or ice on a toboggan. Barilett. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • toboggan — (n.) long, flat bottomed sled, 1829, from Canadian Fr. tabagane, from Algonquian (probably Micmac) tobakun a sled. The verb is recorded from 1846. As American English colloquial for a type of long woolen cap, it is recorded from 1929 (earlier… …   Etymology dictionary

  • toboggan — ► NOUN ▪ a light, narrow vehicle on runners, used for sliding downhill over snow or ice. ► VERB ▪ ride on a toboggan. DERIVATIVES tobogganist noun. ORIGIN Micmac …   English terms dictionary

  • toboggan — [tə bäg′ən] n. [CdnFr tabagan, tobagan < an Algonquian language: cf. Micmac topaĝan] a long, narrow, flat sled without runners, made of thin boards curved back at the front end and often having side rails: often used for the sport of coasting… …   English World dictionary

  • Toboggan — To*bog gan, n. [Corruption of American Indian odabagan a sled.] A kind of sledge made of pliable board, turned up at one or both ends, used for coasting down hills or prepared inclined planes; also, a sleigh or sledge, to be drawn by dogs, or by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Toboggan — Toboggan, s. Schlitten, S. 870 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Toboggan — Toboggan, Indianerschlitten, Rutschschlitten, der nicht auf Kufen, sondern auf der ganzen Bodenfläche rutscht …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • toboggan — vb coast, *slide, slip, glide, skid, glissade, slither …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • toboggan — The verb has inflected forms tobogganed, tobogganing, and derivative forms tobogganer, tobogganist …   Modern English usage


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