Eurostat


Eurostat

The Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) is the statistical arm of the European Commission, producing data for the European Union and promoting harmonisation of statistical methods across the member states of the European Union, with a seat in Luxembourg.

Organisation

Eurostat is a General Service Directorate-General of the European Commission, headed by a Director-General. Seven directors and a chief adviser are responsible for different sectors of Eurostat activities.

Its current Director-General is Walter Radermacher, former President of the Federal Statistical Office of Germany.

Roles

Eurostat publishes economic statistics and statistics on economic and monetary convergence, trade statistics, business statistics, social and regional statistics, agricultural, environmental and energy statistics. The Eurostat Yearbook provides a wealth of harmonised and comparable data on the European Union, the euro zone and the EU Member States, with additional statistics related to major non-European countries.

Three of its particularly significant roles are:
* producing macroeconomic data which helps guide the European Central Bank in its monetary policy for the euro,
* providing the data used for the [http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=2373,47631312,2373_58674381&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL Excessive Deficit Procedure] , and
* its regional data and classification (NUTS) which guide the EU's structural policies.

[http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat Eurostat's website] offers free access to download nearly all of its data and electronic publications grouped into the following themes:

*General and regional statistics
*Economy and finance
*Population and social conditions
*Industry, trade and services
*Agriculture and fisheries
*External trade
*Transport
*Environment and energy
*Science and technology

The paper versions of some publications are still priced and can be ordered via the [http://bookshop.europa.eu/ EU bookshop] .

Eurostat Scandal

In 2000, internal auditors raised concerns about Eurostat's contracts with outside companies and referred the matter to the European Anti-Fraud Office, OLAF. OLAF did not react. In 2001, Paul Van Buitenen, whose earlier report had indirectly led to the resignation of the previous Commission, produced a second report, but this at first led to no action, until Hans-Martin Tillack and the press started to take interest in the matter. Questions were asked in the European Parliament, OLAF produced a new report entitled " A vast enterprise for looting community funds" as it was reported by Financial Times on May 16th 2003. Finally the Commission acted. Three senior Eurostat officials were removed from their posts and a number of contracts with outside companies were cancelled. [cite web | url = http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/tools_and_services/specials/article1162994.ece| title = Q&A: the Eurostat scandal | accessdate = 2008-06-11 | date = 2003-09-25 | work = Times Online | publisher = Times Newspapers Ltd.]

It was alleged that, at least during the 1990s, Eurostat used a double accounting system to transfer large amounts of money to secret bank accounts not monitored by auditors and that the value of some contracts was inflated. Allegedly there was evidence of cronyisms and financial irregularities, though no evidence of personal enrichment was found. Between four and five million euros was thought to have been "siphoned off", mostly between 1996 and 2001. Some of the money was recovered. [cite web | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3138390.stm| title = Q and A: Eurostat scandal | accessdate = 2008-06-11| date = 2003-09-27 | work = BBC News | publisher = BBC]

ee also

*European Union
*European Commission
*Accountability in the European Union
*Eurobarometer
*Largest cities and metropolitan areas in the European Union (Eurostat)

References

External links

* [http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat Eurostat]
* [http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/pls/portal/url/page/PGP_DS_YEARBOOK/PGE_DS_YEARBOOK_01 Eurostat yearbook]
* [http://www.bonde.com/index.phtml?sid=541&aid=15255 Responsibility and guilt in the Eurostat scandal] - MEP Jens-Peter Bonde on the approval of the EU's accounts
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3135270.stm BBC : Prodi rules out EU resignations ] BBC 25 September 2003


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