official_name = Antananarivo
other_name = Tananarive
nickname = Tana
imagesize = 240px
image_caption = Antananarivo at sunset, March 2005
mapsize = 200px
map_caption = Location of Antananarivo in Madagascar
subdivision_type = Country
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1625
population_as_of = 2001 census
population_total = 1403449
timezone = East African Time (GMT+3)
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS=
longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=
elevation_m = 1276
Antananarivo (pronEng|ˌtəˌnænəˈriːv or IPA|/ˌtəˌnɑːnəˈriːv/) is the
capitaland largest city in Madagascar. It is also known by its French name Tananarive or the colonial shorthand form Tana.
The larger urban area surrounding the city, known as Antananarivo-Renivohitra ("Antananarivo-Capital"), is the capital of the
Analamangaregion and of the Antananarivo autonomous province.
Antananarivo is situated in the center of the
islandlength-wise, and 145 km (90 miles) away from the eastern coast. The city occupies a commanding position, being built on the summit and slopesof a long and narrow rocky ridge, which extends north and south for about convert|4|km|mi|0|abbr=on and rising at its highest point to about convert|200|m|ft|-1|abbr=on above the extensive rice plain to the west, although the town is at about convert|1275|m|ft|0|abbr=on above sea level. It is Madagascar's largest cityand is its administrative, communications, and economiccenter. The city is located convert|215|km|mi|0|abbr=on west-southwest of Toamasina, the principal seaportof the island, with which it is connected by railway, and for about convert|100|km|mi|-0|abbr=on along the coastal lagoons, a service of small hookers.
Antananarivo is served by
Unlike most capital cities in
southern Africa, Antananarivo was already a major city before the colonial era. The city was founded circa 1625 by King Andrianjaka and takes its name (the City of the Thousand) from the number of soldiers assigned to guarding it. For many years it was the principal villageof the Hova chiefs and gained importance as those chiefs made themselves sovereigns of the greater part of Madagascar, eventually becoming a townof some 80,000 inhabitants. In 1793 it was made the capitalof the Merinakings. The conquests of King Radama Imade Antananarivo the capital of almost all of Madagascar. Until 1869 all buildings within the cityproper were of woodor rushes, but even then it possessed several timber palaces of considerable size, the largest being convert|120|ft|m|0|abbr=on high. These crown the summit of the central portion of the ridge; and the largest palace, with its lofty roofand towers, is the most conspicuous object from every point of view.
Since the introduction of stone and
brick, the entire city has been rebuilt and now contains numerous European-style structures, including the royal palaces, the houses formerly belonging to the prime ministerand nobles, the French residency, the Anglicanand Roman Catholic cathedrals, and several stone churches.
The city was captured by the French in 1895 and incorporated into their Madagascar
protectorate. After the French conquest of Madagascar when the city had a population of some 100,000, it was extensively remodeled as the population grew to 175,000 by 1950. Roads were constructed throughout the city, broad flights of steps connecting places too steep for the formation of carriage roads, and the central space, called Andohalo, was enhanced with walks, terraces, flower-beds and trees. Water, previously obtained from springs at the foot of the hill, was brought from the Ikopa River, which skirts the capital to the south and west.
After independence in 1960 the pace of growth increased rapidly. The city's population reached 1.4 million by the end of the twentieth century.
Industriesinclude food products, cigarettes, and textiles.
The city is guarded by two forts built on hills to the east and south-west. Including an Anglican and a Roman Catholic cathedral, there are about fifty churches in the city and its suburbs, as well as a
Muslim mosque. Antananarivo hosts a campus of the University of Madagascarand the Collège Rural d'Ambatobe.
* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/MA/5/Antananarivo.html FallingRain Map - elevation = 1288m (Red dots are railways)]
* [http://www.antananarivo.mg/ Antananarivo Renivohitra] Official website.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Antananarivo — Antananarivo … Deutsch Wikipedia
ANTANANARIVO — ANTANANARIVO, anc. TANANARIVE Capitale de Madagascar et chef lieu de la province homonyme, Antananarivo (ex Tananarive), la «ville des mille», a pour origine un poste militaire installé au XVIe siècle par un souverain hova dans un site… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Antananarivo — es la capital de Madagascar, así como de la provincia homónima. Tiene una población de 1.689.000 habitantes (2001), y es la mayor ciudad del país. * * * ► C. de Madagascar, cap. de la isla y de la prov. homónimas (43 046 km2 y 2 500 000 h); 802… … Enciclopedia Universal
Antananarīvo — (Tananariva), Hauptstadt von Madagaskar, im Innern des Landes, 1400 m ü. M., auf 150–200 m hohen felsigen Hügeln inmitten einer Ebene erbaut. Von den Straßen sind keine für Wagen und nur zwei für Reiter passierbar. Die vor 1863 fast nur aus… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Antananarivo — Antananarīvo, Stadt auf Madagaskar, (1903) 57.980 E. (auf 50 qkm); bis 1902 Hauptstadt der Insel … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Antananarivo — the capital city of Madagascar, formerly called Tananarive or Tananarivo … Dictionary of contemporary English
Antananarivo — [an΄tə nan΄ə rē′vō΄] capital of Madagascar, in the central part: pop. 803,000 … English World dictionary
Antananarivo — 18° 53′ S 47° 31′ E / 18.89, 47.51 … Wikipédia en Français
Antananarivo — Tananarive Antananarivo Bandera de Antananarivo Bandera Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Antananarivo — Original name in latin Antananarivo Name in other language Antananarifo, Antananarivo, Antananarivu, Antananariwo, Antananaryvas, Antananarywa, Antananarv Gorad Antananaryvu, TNR, Tana, Tananaribe, Tananarive, anrananarivea, antananalibo,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database