Premier


Premier

A premier is a title for the head of government in some countries.

In many nations, the title "premier" is used interchangeably with "prime minister": for example, the "Italian Premier" is the same person as the "Italian President of the Council of Ministers". In the People's Republic of China, "premier" is more common, but "prime minister" is still used (see Premier of the People's Republic of China).

In Bermuda and the Turks and Caicos Islands, both British overseas territories, their elected head of government is called the "premier". In other overseas territories, elected heads are called the chief minister. In the Cayman Islands, this position is known as the Leader of Government Business.

"Premier" is also the title of the heads of government in sub-national entities, such as the provinces and territories of Canada, states of the Commonwealth of Australia, provinces of South Africa, the island of Nevis within the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, and the nation of Niue. In some of these cases, the formal title remains "Prime Minister" but "Premier" is used to avoid confusion with the national leader. In these cases, care should be taken not to confuse the title of "premier" with "prime minister". In these countries, terms such as "Federal Premier" or "National Premier" were sometimes used to refer to prime ministers, although these are now obsolete. In Canadian French, the equivalent of the English word "premier" is "premier ministre", which is also the word used for "prime minister".

In the Czech Republic, "Premiér" means the "Prime Minister" and the Czech language translates both "Premier" and "Prime Minister" as "Premiér".

In Croatia, the head of government is officially called "President of the Government" ("predsjednik vlade") or "Minister President" ("ministar predsjednik"), but "Premier" ("premijer") is commonly used.

A premier will normally be a head of government, but is not usually the head of state. In presidential systems, the two roles are often combined into one, whereas in parliamentary systems of government the two are usually kept separate. An example of a nation having separate roles for the premier/prime minister and the president is the Fifth French Republic.

In the Soviet Union, the title of premier was applied to the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars or, after 1946, to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.

In Bermuda and the Turks and Caicos Islands, both British overseas territories, their elected head of government is called the "premier". In other overseas territories, elected heads are called the chief minister. In the Cayman Islands, this position is known as the Leader of Government Business.

A second in command to a premier is designated as a vice-premier or deputy premier.


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  • premier — premier, ière [ prəmje, jɛr ] adj. et n. • 1104; primer 980; lat. primarius, de primus I ♦ Adj. Qui vient avant les autres, dans un ordre (le plus souvent avant le nom, en épithète). 1 ♦ Qui est le plus ancien ou parmi les plus anciens dans le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • premier — premier, ière (pre mié, miè r ; dans le XVIIe siècle, on prononçait prémier, DANGEAU, Gramm. p. XIX ; au XVIe siècle, on faisait sonner l r, PALSGRAVE, p. 60) adj. 1°   Qui précède les autres par rapport au temps, au lieu, à l ordre. •   Or c… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • premier — PREMIER, [premi]ere. adj. Qui precede par rapport au temps, à l ordre, au lieu, à la dignité, à la situation, &c. Le premier homme, Adam nostre premier pere, nos premiers parents. le Dimanche est le premier jour de la semaine. le premier point du …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • premier — Premier, m. acut. Primus, Primarius. Il est tantost nom, Comme, Le premier des chevaliers, Primus equitum; Tantost adverbe, et signifie ores Premierement, c est à dire la premiere fois, Primo. au 2. li. d Amadis, toutesfois il en douta, pource… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • PREMIER — (automobile) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Premier. La société Premier du Groupe indien PAL est un constructeur automobile indien qui a été très étroitement lié au constructeur italien Fiat. Histoire Créée en 1944, Premier a débuté son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Premier — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El título Premier es usado para distinguir la cabeza de gobierno en algunos países. En muchas naciones, el título Premier es usado indistintamente con el de Primer Ministro. Por ejemplo, el Premier Italiano es la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • premier-né — [ prəmjene ], première née [ prəmjɛrne ] adj. et n. • XIIIe; de premier et né ♦ Le premier enfant (opposé à dernier né). ⇒ aîné. Les premiers nés. « Il n y a peut être pas de joie comparable à celle de la mère qui voit son premier né » (Diderot) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • premier — PREMIÉR, Ă, premieri, e, s.m., s.f. I. 1. s.m. Prim ministru. 2. s.f. Femeie care supraveghează sau execută probele într un atelier de croitorie, de lenjerie sau într o casă de mode. II. s.f. Prima reprezentaţie a unei piese de teatru, a unei… …   Dicționar Român

  • premier — prem‧i‧er [ˈpremiə ǁ prɪˈmɪr] adjective [only before a noun] most successful or important: • the premier bond trading firm on Wall Street • an agreement to buy some of America s premier golf resorts * * * premier UK US /ˈpremiər/ US  /prɪˈmɪər/… …   Financial and business terms

  • Premier-ne — Premier né Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le premier né est l aîné d une famille. Dans la tradition juive, le rachat du premier né est une coutume selon laquelle tout père doit racheter …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Premier — Pre mi*er, a. [F. premier, fr. L. primarius of the first rank, principal, fr. primus the first. See {Primary}, {Prime}, a.] 1. First; chief; principal; as, the premier place; premier minister. Camden. Swift. [1913 Webster] 2. Most ancient; said… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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