- Robert F. Wagner
Robert Ferdinand Wagner (
8 June 1877– 4 May 1953) was a Democratic United States Senatorfrom New Yorkfrom 1927 until 1949.
Origin and early life
He was born in
Nastätten, then in the Province Hesse-Nassau, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire(now in Rhein-Lahn-Kreis, Rhineland-Palatinate, Federal Republic of Germany) and immigrated with his parents to the United Statesin 1885. His family settled in New York Cityand Wagner attended the public schools. He graduated from the College of the City of New York(now named City College) in 1898 and from New York Law Schoolin 1900. He was admitted to the bar in 1900.
He was a member of the
New York State Assemblyfrom 1905 to 1908, and of the New York State Senatefrom 1909 to 1918. He was chosen President pro tempore of the New York State Senate for the 1911, 1912 and 1913 sessions, and became Acting Lieutenant Governor of New Yorkafter the impeachment of Governor William Sulzer, and the succession of Lt. Gov. Martin H. Glynnto the governorship. In January 1915, following the loss of the Senate majority by the Democrats, he became Minority Leader until his retirement in 1918. Also, during his time in the Senate, he served as Chairman of the State Factory Investigating Committee (1911–1915). Wagner was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Conventions of 1915 and 1938, and a justice of the New York Supreme Courtfrom 1919 to 1926.
Wagner was elected as a Democrat to the
United States Senatein 1926, and reelected in 1932, 1938, and 1944. He resigned on June 28, 1949, due to ill health. He was unable to attend any sessions of the 80th or 81st Congress from 1947 to 1949 because of a heart ailment. [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/14/washington/14senate.html?hp&ex=1166072400&en=86d5d2e95859ea0d&ei=5094&partner=homepage] Wagner was Chairman of the Committee on Patents in the 73rd Congress, of the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys in the 73rd and 74th Congresses, and of the Committee on Banking and Currency in the 75th through 79th Congresses. He was a delegate to the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conferencein Bretton Woods, New Hampshirein 1944.
His most important legislative achievements include the
National Industrial Recovery Actin 1933 and the Wagner-Steagall Housing Act of 1937. After serving as chairman of the National Labor Boardand witnessing first-hand its problems, he introduced and won passage of the National Labor Relations Act, or Wagner Act, that created the National Labor Relations Boardin 1935. He also introduced the Railway Pension Law, and cosponsored the Wagner-O'Day Act, the predecessor to the Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act.
Edward P. Costigansponsored a federal anti-Lynching law. In 1935 attempts were made to persuade President Franklin D. Roosevelt to support the Costigan-Wagner Bill. However, Roosevelt refused to support a bill that would punish sheriffs who failed to protect their prisoners from lynch mobs. He believed that he would lose the support of Southern Democrats in Congress and lose his entire New Deal program. There were 18 lynchings of blacks in the South in 1935, but after the threat of federal legislation the number fell to eight in 1936, and to two in 1939.
Death and legacy
Wagner was a Brother of Phi Sigma Kappa during his college years at the Zeta Chapter of the City College of New York.
After leaving the Senate, Mr. Wagner was a partner in the firm later known as
Finley, Kumble, Wagner, Underberg, Manley, Myerson & Casey. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DE7DB1F3DF932A25752C1A961948260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=1 Finley, Kumble, Major Law Firm, Facing Revamping or Dissolution - New York Times ] ]
Robert Wagner died in New York City and is interred in Calvary Cemetery,
Queens, New York City.
His son was
Robert F. Wagner, Jr., Mayor of New York City from 1954 to 1965.
September 14, 2004, a portrait of Wagner, along with one of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, was unveiled in the Senate Reception Room. The new portraits joined a group of distinguished former Senators, including Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, John C. Calhoun, Robert M. La Follette, Sr., and Robert A. Taft. Portraits of this group of Senators, known as the "Famous Five", were unveiled on March 12, 1959.
Robert Wagner's legacy continues to this day; there is a middle school named after him on the upper east side of Manhattan.
* J. Joseph Huthmacher: "Senator Robert F. Wagner and the Rise of Urban Liberalism" (1968)
*findagrave|8940|Robert F. Wagner
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