Duchy of Neopatria


Duchy of Neopatria
Duchy of Neopatria

1319–1390

Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Neopatras

Capital Neai Patrai
Language(s) Greek popularly
Religion Roman Catholic officially,
Greek Orthodox popularly
Government Duchy
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Principality established 1319
 - Conquered by the Republic of Florence 1390

The Duchy of Neopatria or Neopatras was one of the Crusader States set up in Greece after the conquest of the Byzantine Empire during the Fourth Crusade. It was situated in Central Greece, centered around the city of Νέαι Πάτραι Neai Patrai (modern Ypati) in the Spercheios valley, west of Lamia.

In 1318-1319 the Almogavars of the Catalan Company, after having conquered most of the Duchy of Athens, expanded into the territories of the Despotate of Epirus in southern Thessaly, under Alfonso Frederick, the infante of the Kingdom of Sicily. The new territories were created a duchy and united with the Duchy of Athens. The Duchy was divided into the captaincies of Siderokastron, Neopatria, and Salona (modern Amfissa).

Part of the Duchy's possessions in Thessaly was conquered by the Serbs of Stefan Dusan in 1337. In 1377, the title of Duke of Neopatria was assumed by Peter IV of Aragon. It was preserved among the subsidiary titles of his successors, and is still included in the full title of the Spanish monarchs.

The attacks of the Byzantine Empire progressively diminished the territory of the duchy until what was left of it fell completely into the hands of the Republic of Florence in 1390.

Eccelesiastically, Neopatria largely corresponded to the Archdiocese of Neopatras (l'arquebisbat de la pàtria) which had one suffragan: Zeitounion. Among the Catalan archbishops was Ferrer d'Abella, who tried to have himself transferred to a west European see.

Sources

  • Setton, Kenneth M. Catalan Domination of Athens 1311–1380. Revised edition. London: Variorum, 1975.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Duchy of Athens — Δουκᾶτον Ἀθηνῶν Vassal state* ← …   Wikipedia

  • Duchy of the Archipelago — Ducato dell arcipelago Δουκᾶτον Ἀρχιπελάγους Client state* ← …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Aragon — Corona d Aragón (Aragonese) Corona d Aragó (Catalan) Corona Aragonum (Latin) Corona de Aragón (Spanish) …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso Fadrique — Don Alfonso Fadrique (English: Alfonso Frederick , Catalan: N Anfós Frederic d Aragó ; died 1338) was the eldest and illegitimate son of Frederick II of Sicily. He served as vicar general [He is referred to with the magniloquent title magnificus… …   Wikipedia

  • Ypati — For the muse, see Hypate. Ypati Υπάτη Location …   Wikipedia

  • Catalan Company — Manuscript of the Crònica of Ramon Muntaner. The Catalan Company of the East (Catalan: Companyia Catalana d Orient, IPA: [kumpəˈɲi.ə kətəˈɫanə ðuɾiˈen]), officially the Magnas Societas Catalanorum, sometimes called the Grand Company and… …   Wikipedia

  • State of the Teutonic Order — Order s State Ordensstaat Independent state ← …   Wikipedia

  • Terra Mariana — Livonia Terra Mariana la ← 1207–156 …   Wikipedia

  • Teutonic Knights — This article is about the religious order. For the state, see State of the Teutonic Order. For the historical novel, see The Knights of the Cross. For the film, see Knights of the Teutonic Order (film). Teutonic Knights Coat of arms …   Wikipedia

  • Crusader states — The Near East in 1135, with the Crusader states marked with red crosses. Asia Mi …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.