- Chinese Martyrs
Artwork from Orthodox Christian canonization
Died 1648–1930,China Venerated in Eastern Orthodox Church
Roman Catholic Church
Canonized Pope John Paul II
Orthodox: Russian Orthodox Church
Feast Orthodox: June 11
Roman Catholic: July 9
Notable martyrs Metrophanes, Chi Sung, first Orthodox Christan martyr to be killed; Francis Ferdinand de Capillas, protomartyr of China; Augustine Zhao Rong, missionary of China
Chinese Martyrs is the name given to a number of members of the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church who were killed in China during the 19th and early 20th centuries. They are celebrated as martyrs by their respective churches. Most were Chinese laity, but others were missionaries from various other countries; many of them died during the Boxer Rebellion.
The Eastern Orthodox Church recognizes 222 Orthodox Christians who died during the Boxer Rebellion as "Holy Martyrs of China". They were mostly members of the Chinese Orthodox Church, which had been under the guidance of the Russian Orthodox since the 17th century and maintained close relations with them, especially in the large Russian community in Harbin. They are called new-martyrs, as they died under a modern regime. The first of these martyrs was Metrophanes, Chi Sung.
The Roman Catholic Church recognizes 120 Catholics who died between 1648 and 1930 as its "Martyr Saints of China". They were canonized by Pope John Paul II on 1 October 2000. Of the group, 87 were Chinese laypeople and 33 were missionaries; 86 died during the Boxer Rebellion in 1900. The Chinese Martyrs Catholic Church in Toronto, Ontario is named for them. Many Protestant Christians also died during the Uprising, including the "China Martyrs of 1900", but there is no formal veneration or a universally recognized list.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Chinese Martyrs Catholic Church — Location Markham, Greater Toronto Area Country Canada Denomination Roman Catholic Website http://www.chinesemartyrs.org/ Official website of the Chinese Martyrs Catholic Church Admin … Wikipedia
Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War — Martyrs Born Various Died 1934, 1936 1939 Honored in Roman Catholicism Beatified 1987, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997, March 11 … Wikipedia
Martyrs of Daimiel — Passionist Martyrs of Daimiel Died 1936,Spain Martyred by Republican regime Means of martyrdom gunshot … Wikipedia
Martyrs of Turon — The martyrs of Turon were a group of eight De La Salle Brothers and a Passionist priest who were executed by revolutionaries in Spain in October 1934. They were canonized in 1999 by Pope John Paul II. Contents 1 Background 2 Incident 3… … Wikipedia
Martyrs in China — • With the revival of the missions in China with Matteo Ricci, who died at Peking in 1610, the blood of martyrs was soon shed to fertilize the evangelical field; the change of the Ming dynasty to the Manchu dynasty, giving occasion for new… … Catholic encyclopedia
Martyrs' Park Station — 烈士陵园站 Location Province Guangdong (See other stations in Guangdong) … Wikipedia
Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association — Classification Catholic Polity Association Geographical areas People s Republic of China Founder State Administration for Religious Affairs Origin 1957 Further information: Roman Catholicism in China … Wikipedia
Martyrs Bridge (Bamako) — Looking North over the Niger River, BCEAO Tower in the background and the Martyrs Bridge in the foreground. The Martyrs Bridge (Pont des martyrs) of Bamako Mali connects the older sections of the Malian capital to its broad suburbs on the south… … Wikipedia
Chinese Orthodox Church — The Chinese Autonomous Orthodox Church is an autonomous Eastern Orthodox church in China. It was granted autonomy by its mother church, the Russian Orthodox Church in the mid 1950s. Contents 1 Ancient Period 2 Nestorianism 3 Russian Mission … Wikipedia
Martyrs' Cemetery — Iraq Used for those deceased Established 2004 Location near Fallujah Total burials app … Wikipedia