Alford Windmill

Alford Windmill

Alford Windmill (pron. "Olford Windmill" in Lincolnshire) is a five-sailed windmill in Alford, Lincolnshire and the only surviving windmill out of four. Today the windmill has been restored to working order, and grinds grain to organic flour. It is open as a tourist attraction.


Alford Windmill is a seven-storeyed Lincolnshire type tower windmill with a stage - featuring a slender, tapering brick tower, tarred to keep the moisture out, covered with a white onion-shaped (ogee) cap with fan-stage, huge fantail, and white sails. She has five patent-shutter sails and originally three, later on four pair of stones (two pair of grey or peak stones (cut from rock found in the Peak District) and two French "quartzite" stones). The seven storeys are called: ground floor (contains a hurst frame with the engine-driven (from the outside) forth pair of (grey) stones), storage floor, spout (stage) floor (also called meal floor), stones floor (with the original three pairs of stones (one grey pair, two French pairs)), lower bin floor, upper bin floor (with the sack hoist), dust or cap floor (providing access to the inside of the cap)). The mill provides a flywheel at the mill's base connected by pulley to a town gas driven engine in the adjacent shed. This engine makes the mill independent of wind if it is insufficient to drive the sailcross. In her hey day Alford Mill was capable of grinding 4 to 5 tonnes of corn a day.


Built as a seven-storeyed windmill in 1837 by the well-known local millwright John Oxley the mill belonged to a group of four windmills and is the sole survivor today. At the end of the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century Alford featured a four-sailed mill ("Wallace's OR Station Mill", now a stump), a five-sailed windmill ("Hoyles's Windmill", today's "Alford Mill"), and a six-sailer (the now dismantled (in 1973) six-storeyed "Myers's Windmill", built in 1827 with six left-handed sails, in her times also called the "Alford Mill") as the only place in Lincolnshire beside Horncastle.

The last commercial operators of the windmill were the Hoyles family. Purchased by Harry Hoyles, a local farmer and land owner, in the early 20th century, the business of milling and baking continued until 1955, run by his sons Walter, Arthur and Winston (The Miller). In those times the mill was known as the "Hoyles's Mill". The business closed due to advancements in technology in 1955 and the mill was initially sold to Frank Banks of Kirton in Lindsey in 1957, a private buyer and owner of Mount Pleasant Mill, who subsequently restored the windmill to working order. The last surviving windmill became then known as the "Alford Windmill". Twenty years later in 1978 miller F. Banks had to replace the mill's cap and all five sails. The same year the mill changed hands to the Lincolnshire County Council which took care for the mill's restoration over many years resulting in the fine edifice that now once again plays its part in the local community. The mill remained leased to Mr Banks, the former owner, until 1986 when he gave up his milling business, his place being taken by James Waterfield of Boston in the following year, owner of the famous Maud Foster Windmill. Now Alford Mill is leased to miller Geoff Dees.

Working Windmills In Lincolnshire

Today there are eight working windmills in all of Lincolnshire.

Four Sailed

*Ellis Mill in Lincoln
*Mount Pleasant Mill in Kirton in Lindsey

Five Sailed

*Alford Windmill
*Dobson's Mill (a museum windmill) in Burgh-le-Marsh (left-handed)
*Maud Foster Windmill in Skirbeck, Boston, Lincolnshire (tallest working windmill in all England)

ix Sailed

*Sibsey Trader Mill
*Waltham Windmill (a museum windmill)

Eight Sailed

*Heckington Windmill, the world's only eight-sailed Dutch type tower windmill

Alford, Mount Pleasant, and Maud Foster Windmills are commercially working mills.

External links

* [ Alford Windmill site]
* [ of the six-sailed, left-handed "Myers's windmill" in 1901]

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