- Wanborough, Surrey
infobox UK place
country = England
static_image_caption=The interior of the Great Barn, Wanborough
population = 319 [ [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=800078&c=GU3+2JW&d=16&e=15&g=490449&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 Census data] ]
region= South East England
postcode_district = GU3
Wanborough is a small hamlet in
Surreyapproximately 6 km west of Guildfordon the northern slopes of the Hog's Back. Neighbouring villages include: Puttenhamand Christmas Pie. Wanborough has grown up around and to service "Wanborough Manor".
According to a local publication "Wanborough and its Church" ["Wanborough and its Church"] , early man travelled along the Hog's Back, found the spring in the village and had settled there by 8000 BC. The Saxon name of "Wenberge" means "bump-barrow", this barrow was situated south of Wanborough on the top of the Hog's Back.
Wanborough appears in
Domesday Bookof 1086 as "Weneberge". It was held by Goisfrid (Geoffrey) de Mandville. Its domesday assets were: 3 hides; 1 church, 9 ploughs, convert|6|acre|m2 of meadow, woodlandworth 30 hogs. It rendered £7. [ [http://www.gwp.enta.net/surrnames.htm Surrey Domesday Book] ] It also states that it had been held before the Norman conquestby two thegns, Sweign and Leofwin, who may have been brothers of King Harold.
In 1130 the Manor was sold to
Waverley Abbeyfor £80 and put to use to farm sheep to supply the Cistercians. The present Great Barnwas built in 1388 and was used for storing and processing crops ( threshingand winnowing). Having been built for the CistercianAbbey, the barn was not a tithe barn, and would have stored the entire manor crop. The barn is made from massive oak timbers and is an aisled barn with large doors on either long side to permit entry by carts. It was extended in 1705. The dates have been obtained using tree-ring dating techniques.
In 1511 the Abbey obtained the right to hold an annual fair at Wanborough for 3 days from August 23. By 1536 the fair was making £35 for the abbey and had a
pie poudrecourt to try trading offences.
In 1536, Waverley Abbey was dissolved and the manor passed into secular ownership. St Bartholomew's Church was in regular use until at least 1675, but by the 18th century the
QuakerBirkbeck family were farming the hamlet innovating with 'modern techniques' and they used the church as a wood store and barn.
The present manor house was built starting in about 1670 by Thomas Dalmahoy, MP for
Guildfordfor most of the reign of Charles II.
Puttenhamchurch was closed for repairs it was decided by their Rector, the Rev. W A Duckworth, to hold services in Wanborough's church. He thus arranged and paid for the restoration of St Bartholomew's by architect Henry Woodyer. It was rededicated in 1861.
From 1880, Sir
Algernon Westlived at the manor. West was Principal Private Secretary to Prime Minister Gladstone. West entertained many political figures at the manor including Gladstone, Queen Victoria, and Bismarck. West was also a director of the South Eastern Railway and he caused a new station, named Wanborough but actually in Normandy, to be opened in 1891. In 1900, the manor was passed onto Asquith until he became Prime Minister. In 1908 West returned to stay until his death in 1921.
World War II
World War IIthe manor was converted into a training centre for Special Operations Executiveagents. The manor was designated "Special Training School 5" and handled the first three phases of agent training. It operated from spring 1941 to March 1943 under the command of Major Roger de Wesselow, a Coldstream guards officer in World War I. Many agents in 'Section F' (France) passed through "STS5" and courses lasted 3 weeks. Each course was specific to one country and, during the course, all conversation was in the target language. Trainees were taught theoretical and practical subjects including physical training, shooting, explosives, sabotage, map-reading, Morse code, and observation skills.
Wanborough has gradually become a commuter-suburb for Guildford and London.
St Bartholomew's Church
The village church is small, only 13.5 m by 5.5 m internally. It was originally built around 1060 replacing an earlier wooden Saxon church. It was rebuilt in the 1200s and restored in 1861. Thus the various walls and windows have significantly different heritage. The Victorian west brick wall now supports an external bell.
The nearest railway station is Wanborough, which is served by
South West Trains, who manage the station, and by First Great Western. It is situated on the Ascot to Guildford lineand the North Downs Line.
The A31 runs along the top of the
* [http://www.atrk01.dsl.pipex.com/GreatBarn.htm Great Barn]
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