- Term (mathematics)
The word term is from the
Latin"terminus" "boundary line, limit", from the Indo-European root "ter-" "peg, post, boundary".
elementary mathematics, a "term" is either a single number or variable, or the product of several numbers and/or variables separated from another term by a + or - sign in an overall expression. For example, in
:3 + 4"x" + 5"yzw"
3, 4"x", and 5"yzw" are all terms.
In the context of
polynomials, sometimes "term" is used of a monomialwith a coefficient: to 'collect like terms' in a polynomial is the basic operationof making it a linear combinationof distinctmonomials.
A series is often represented as the sum of a
Terms in first order logic are more general.
Where the word term is used for summation, other mathematical constructs have similar terminology.
Factor. In a multiplication of two factors, the first is called the multiplicand and the second is called the multiplier.; divisions and fractions: The top of a division is called the numerator(or dividend), and the bottom is called the denominator(or divisor).
*cite book | first=Steven | last=Schwartzman | title=The words of mathematics: An etymological dictionary of mathematical terms used in English | pages=219 | publisher=The Mathematical Association of America | year=1994 | id=ISBN 0-88385-511-9
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