Herman Feshbach


Herman Feshbach

Herman Feshbach (born in 1917 in New York City — died 22 December 2000 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) was an American physicist. He was an Institute Professor Emeritus of physics at MIT. Feshbach is best known for Feshbach resonance and for writing, with Philip M. Morse, "Methods of Theoretical Physics".

Background

Feshbach was born in New York City and graduated from the City College of New York in 1937. He then went on to receive his Ph.D. in physics from MIT in 1942.

Career

Feshbach was invited to stay at MIT after he received his doctorate. He remained on the physics faculty for over fifty years. From 1967 to 1973, he was the director of MIT's Center for Theoretical Physics, and from 1973 to 1983, he was chairman of the physics department. In 1983, Feshbach was named as an Institute Professor, the highest faculty honor at MIT.

Activism

Prof. Feshbach was active in the nuclear disarmament movement and was a founder and first chairman of the Union of Concerned Scientists. In 1969, he participated in a protest against military research at MIT.

He became concerned about the condition of scientists behind the Iron Curtain, and worked to establish contacts between Western scientists and their Eastern Bloc counterparts. Prof. Feshbach also championed the cause of Andrei Sakharov and other Soviet refuseniks. He first met Sakharov in the mid-1970s; Feshbach wrote about meeting Sakharov after his release from internal exile, in an article that appeared in Physics Today.

Prof. Feshbach was a strong believer in equality of opportunity, especially within the scientific community. He worked to increase the number of women and minority members in both the physics department and at MIT in general. In the early 1990s, he was chairman of the MIT faculty's Equal Opportunity Committee, which made recommendations for recruiting and hiring more women and minority faculty members.

Death

Feshbach died of heart failure at Youville Hospital in Cambridge. He was 83.

Awards and honors

Feshbach joined the National Academy of Sciences in 1969 and was president of the American Physical Society from 1980 to 1981. From 1982 to 1986, he was president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1986, Feshbach was awarded the National Medal of Science.

In 1984, the physics department honored Feshbach for his decades of service by starting the annual Herman Feshbach Lectures. The physics department also has an endowed Herman Feshbach chair, established in 1999 to support theoretical physicists. It is currently held by Frank Wilczek.

Books

* cite book
first=Herman
last=Feshbach
coauthor=Philip Morse
year=1953
title=Methods of Theoretical Physics
publisher=Cambridge University Press

* cite book
first=Herman
last=Feshbach
coauthors=Amos deShalit
title=Theoretical Nuclear Physics

ee also

* MIT Physics Department
* Feshbach resonance
* Feshbach–Fano partitioning

External links

* [http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2000/feshbach.html Obituary of Herman Feshbach from the MIT News Office]
* [http://feshbachpublishing.com Feshbach Publishing]


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  • Herman Feshbach — (* 2. Februar 1917 in New York City; † 22. Dezember 2000 in Cambridge, USA) war ein bedeutender amerikanischer theoretischer Physiker. Er ist bekannt für seine bahnbrechenden Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der Kernphysik. Feshbach studierte am City… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Feshbach — Herman Feshbach (* 2. Februar 1917 in New York City; † 22. Dezember 2000 in Cambridge, USA) war ein bedeutender amerikanischer Physiker. Er ist bekannt für seine bahnbrechenden Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der Kernphysik. Er entwickelte 1958 eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Feshbach-Resonanz — Ein Feshbach Resonanz Diagramm Eine Feshbach Resonanz ist ein Effekt aus der physikalischen Streutheorie, die nach dem amerikanischen Physiker Herman Feshbach benannt ist. Sie tritt auf, wenn sich ein gebundener Zustand (Molekülzustand) zwischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Feshbach resonance — A Feshbach resonance is a resonance of a many body system in which a bound state is achieved if the coupling(s) between an internal degree(s) of freedom and the reaction coordinates which lead to dissociation vanish. The opposite situation, when… …   Wikipedia

  • Feshbach–Fano partitioning — In quantum mechanics, and in particular in scattering theory, the Feshbach–Fano method, named after Herman Feshbach and Ugo Fano, separates (partitions) the resonant and the background components of the wave function and therefore of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Amos de Shalit — (1958) Amos de Shalit (* 29. September 1926 in Israel; † 2. September 1969) war ein israelischer theoretischer Kernphysiker und Wissenschaftsorganisator. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip McCord Morse — (* 6. August 1903 in Shreveport, Louisiana; † 5. September 1985) war ein US amerikanischer theoretischer Physiker, Wissenschaftsorganisator und Pionier des Operations Research. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Schriften …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip Morse — Philip McCord Morse (* 6. August 1903 in Shreveport, Louisiana; † 5. September 1985) war ein US amerikanischer theoretischer Physiker, Wissenschaftsorganisator und Pionier des Operations Research. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Schriften …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Fe — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip M. Morse — Philip McCord Morse (* 6. August 1903 in Shreveport, Louisiana; † 5. September 1985 in Concord, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer theoretischer Physiker, Wissenschaftsorganisator und Pionier des Operations Research. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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