Portage Canal


Portage Canal

Infobox_nrhp | name =Portage Canal
nrhp_type =


caption =
location= Between the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers, Portage, WI
area =
built =1835
architect= Conro,Starke & Co.; U.S.Army Corps of Engineers
architecture=
added = August 26, 1977
governing_body = State
refnum=77000030 cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
The Portage Canal was built to connect the Fox River and Wisconsin River at Portage, Wisconsin along the Fox-Wisconsin Waterway.

Numerous attempts were made to build the thin Wisconsin-Fox connection through the marshy land, beginning in 1837 with the formation of the "Portage Canal Company." Digging and hauling by hand through two and a half miles of muddy terrain, the project was quickly abandoned. A second project, started in 1849, managed to cut a path usable by canoe, but not viable for commerce. The final project, complete with locks to raise the water level of the Fox to that of the Wisconsin's was not completed until 1876 by the Army Corps of Engineers. Unfortunately, by then, the railroads were quick on their way, followed soon thereafter by the automobile.The Portage Canal acquired a new steel gate and concrete lock in 1926 due to a rupture of the 1876 wooden gate and the quoin post of the west gate of the lock in April of 1926. A local contractor, M.E. White Company of Chicago, Illinois was awarded the bid, August of 1926. The firm completed the repairs of lock and replace of the 1876 wooden gate under the supervision of the U. S Army Corps of Engineers, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The 1926 Portage Canal Lock was the first steel and concrete lock on the Fox River. The subcontractor for the steel gate was the Lakeside Bridge and Steel Company of Wisconsin. During the re-construction process the Engineers were faced with containing underground springs beneath the lock, which caused considerable delays. The White Construction Co. repaired the fallen wall and dismantled the remaining wall of the lock, which were re-laid, and constructed according to the original configurations of the 1876 construction. The White Construction Company used 9,000 barrels of Portland cement in order for the locks completion. The canal lock and new gate were completed in the May of 1928. [ [http://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/geolwisc/geostops/PortageCanal.HTM Portage Canal ] ]

The use of the canal as a major means of commerce lasted only a few decades, though pleasure craft, including steamboats, continued to ply the narrow waterway. In following years, the canal began to degrade through lack of upkeep. The canal was used until 1951, when the Fort Winnebago Lock was bulldozed in and the Wisconsin River Locks were welded shut.

Currently, water pumps provide the only substantial flow and aeration. Continued attempts have been made to restore the remainder of the canal to its original condition and the Portage Canal Society continues to try to raise funds and make improvements. In the summer of 2006, US Representative Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin, helped to break ground on the current renewal attempts.

External links

* [http://www.portagecanalsociety.com Portage Canal Society]

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Portage, Wisconsin — Infobox Settlement official name = Portage, Wisconsin settlement type = City motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250px map caption = Location of Portage, Wisconsin mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision type = Country subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • portage — /pawr tij, pohr /, or, for 2, 3, 5, 6, /pawr tahzh /, n., v., portaged, portaging. n. 1. the act of carrying; carriage. 2. the carrying of boats, goods, etc., overland from one navigable water to another. 3. the route over which this is done. 4.… …   Universalium

  • Portage — /pawr tij, pohr /, n. 1. a city in SW Michigan. 38,157. 2. a town in NW Indiana. 27,409. * * * ▪ Wisconsin, United States       city, seat (1851) of Columbia county, south central Wisconsin, U.S. It lies along the Fox and Wisconsin (Wisconsin… …   Universalium

  • Canal Lands — were tracts of land donated by the federal government to several Great Lakes states in the 19th century to aid in the construction of Canals. These states sold the land tracts to private parties to raise funds for canal construction. Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Portage Bay — is an arm of Seattle, Washington s Lake Union and is part of the Lake Washington Ship Canal. Its western limit can be said to be the Ship Canal Bridge, which carries Interstate 5 over the water; North Passage Point Park and South Passage Point… …   Wikipedia

  • Canal de Welland — Canal Welland Pont transbordeur d Allanburg sur le canal Welland …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Portage Road — is an otherwise unremarkable road in the Auckland, New Zealand suburb of Otahuhu. What makes this road special is described in a plaque that is embedded in a concrete plinth at the intersection of Portage Road and Great South Road. This road… …   Wikipedia

  • Canal Flats, British Columbia — Canal Flats is a village located at the southern end of Columbia Lake, the source of the Columbia River in British Columbia, Canada. It is located on Highway 95,in the Kootenay River Valley, between Skookumchuck and Fairmont Hot Springs. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Canal de St. Peter's — Canal de St. Peter’s Le canal de St. Peter’s est un canal reliant le lac Bras d’Or à l’océan Atlantique, dans l’île du Cap Breton (Nouvelle Écosse, Canada). Il traverse un isthme étroit où les Micmacs et les Acadiens utilisaient déjà comme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Canal de St. Peter’s — Le canal de St. Peter’s est un canal reliant le lac Bras d’Or à l’océan Atlantique, dans l’île du Cap Breton (Nouvelle Écosse, Canada). Il traverse un isthme étroit où les Micmacs et les Acadiens utilisaient déjà comme portage et où se trouve… …   Wikipédia en Français