- Smolny Institute
The Smolny Institute ( _ru. Смольный институт, "Smol'niy institut") is a Palladian edifice in
St Petersburg, which has played a major part in the history of Russia.
The building was commissioned to
Giacomo Quarenghiby the Society for Education of Noble Maidens and constructed in 1806-08 to house the Smolny Institute for Noble Maidens, established at the urging of Ivan Betskoyin 1764 and borrowing its name from the nearby Smolny Convent. A nice garden and iron-work grille around the institute date from the early 19th century.
In 1917, the building was chosen by
Vladimir Leninas Bolshevikheadquarters during the October Revolution. It was Lenin's residence for several months, until the national government was moved to the Moscow Kremlin. After that, the Smolny became the headquarters of the local Communist Party apparat, effectively the city hall.
In 1927, a monument to Lenin was erected in front of the building.
Sergei Kirovwas assassinated there in 1934. After 1991, the Smolny was used a residence of the city mayor (governor after 1996) and city administration. Vladimir Putinworked there from 1991 to 1997 in the administration of Anatoly Sobchak.
* [http://www.enlight.ru/camera/216/index_e.html Views of the Smolny]
* [http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/bryant/russia/russia-IV.html Smolny] Chapter 4 from "Six Red Months in Russia" (1918) by
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Smolny Convent — or Smolny Convent of the Resurrection ( Voskresensky ), located on Ploschad Rastrelli, on the bank of the River Neva in Saint Petersburg, Russia, consists of a Cathedral ( sobor ) and a complex of buildings surrounding it, originally intended for … Wikipedia
Institute for Noble Maidens — ( ru. Институт благородных девиц) was a type of educational institution in late Imperial Russia. It was devised by Ivan Betskoy as a girl only institution for girls of noble origin. The most famous of these was the Smolny Institute in… … Wikipedia
Smolny-Institut — Entwurfszeichnung des 1806 bis 1808 nach einem Entwurf Giacomo Quarenghis errichteten Smolny Instituts … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sergey Kirov — Sergei Kirov Сергей Миронович Киров Leader of the Azerbaijani Communist Party In office 1921–1926 Leader of the Leningrad Branch of the Communist Party … Wikipedia
Saint Petersburg — Leningrad redirects here. For other uses, see Leningrad (disambiguation). This article is about the city in Russia. For other uses, see Saint Petersburg (disambiguation). Saint Petersburg Санкт Петербург (Russian) Federal … Wikipedia
Saint Petersburg — I City (pop., 2000: 248,232), west central Florida, U.S. It lies near the tip of Pinellas Peninsula, adjacent to Tampa Bay. Settled in 1876, it became in the late 1940s one of the first Florida cities to encourage tourists to spend their… … Universalium
History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union — Communist Party of the Soviet Union History Organisation … Wikipedia
Landmarks of Saint Petersburg — help to give the city its particular ambience.St. Petersburg s position below the Arctic Circle, on the same latitude as nearby Helsinki, Stockholm, Aberdeen and Oslo (60° N), causes twilight to last all night in May, June and July. This… … Wikipedia
Neva River — Neva redirects here. For other uses, see Neva (disambiguation). Coordinates: 59°57′50″N 30°13′20″E / 59.96389°N 30.22222°E / 5 … Wikipedia
List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history … Wikipedia