Smolny Institute


Smolny Institute

The Smolny Institute ( _ru. Смольный институт, "Smol'niy institut") is a Palladian edifice in St Petersburg, which has played a major part in the history of Russia.

The building was commissioned to Giacomo Quarenghi by the Society for Education of Noble Maidens and constructed in 1806-08 to house the Smolny Institute for Noble Maidens, established at the urging of Ivan Betskoy in 1764 and borrowing its name from the nearby Smolny Convent. A nice garden and iron-work grille around the institute date from the early 19th century.

In 1917, the building was chosen by Vladimir Lenin as Bolshevik headquarters during the October Revolution. It was Lenin's residence for several months, until the national government was moved to the Moscow Kremlin. After that, the Smolny became the headquarters of the local Communist Party apparat, effectively the city hall.

In 1927, a monument to Lenin was erected in front of the building. Sergei Kirov was assassinated there in 1934. After 1991, the Smolny was used a residence of the city mayor (governor after 1996) and city administration. Vladimir Putin worked there from 1991 to 1997 in the administration of Anatoly Sobchak.

External links

* [http://www.enlight.ru/camera/216/index_e.html Views of the Smolny]
* [http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/bryant/russia/russia-IV.html Smolny] Chapter 4 from "Six Red Months in Russia" (1918) by Louise Bryant


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