Cumberland Mountains

Cumberland Mountains
Cumberland Mountains
View of Cross Mountain in Tennessee
Country United States
Region West Virginia,

Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee

Highest point Black Mountain
 - elevation 4,145 ft (1,263 m)
Map showing the Cumberland Mountains in orange.

The Cumberland Mountains are a mountain range in the southeastern section of the Appalachian Mountains. They are located in southern West Virginia, western Virginia, eastern edges of Kentucky, and eastern middle Tennessee, including the Crab Orchard Mountains.[1] Their highest peak, with an elevation of 4,145 feet (1,263 m) above mean sea level, is Black Mountain, which is located near Lynch in Harlan County, Kentucky.[2]

According to the USGS, the Cumberland Mountain range is 131 miles (211 km) long and 20 miles (32 km) wide, bounded by the Russell Fork on the northeast, the Pound River and Powell River on the southeast, Cove Creek on the southwest, and Tackett Creek, the Cumberland River, Poor Fork Cumberland River, and Elkhorn Creek on the northwest. The crest of the range forms the Kentucky and Virginia boundary from the Tennessee border to Russell Fork River.[1]

Variant names of the Cumberland Mountains include Cumberland Mountain, Cumberland Range, Ouasioto Mountains, Ouasiota Mountains, Laurel Mountain, and Pine Mountain.[1]


Geology and physiography

The Cumberland Mountains are a physiographic section of the larger Appalachian Plateau province, which in turn is part of the larger Appalachian physiographic division.[3]

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Oak Ridge, Tennessee) is involved with the conservation of the mixed mesophytic forests within the Northern Cumberland Plateau. The conservation organizations include The Nature Conservancy, the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, and the Natural Resources Defense Council with focus on the Cumberland Plateau. [4]

Further reading

See also


Coordinates: 36°36′14″N 83°40′27″W / 36.6038°N 83.6742°W / 36.6038; -83.6742

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cumberland-Mountains — (Cumberland Gebirge), westlicher Zweig des großen Appalachen Gebirgssystems in den Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika, bildet die Grenze zwischen den Staaten Virginia u. Kentucky u. zwischen Nordcarolina u. Tennessee; erhebt sich nirgends über… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cumberland Mountains — (spr. kömmb rländ mauntĭns), Teil der Appalachen (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cumberland Mountains — p3p5 Cumberland Mountains Karte mit den Cumberland Mountains …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Mountains — noun the southwestern part of the Appalachians • Syn: ↑Cumberland Plateau • Instance Hypernyms: ↑range, ↑mountain range, ↑range of mountains, ↑chain, ↑mountain chain, ↑chain of mountains …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cumberland Mountains — a plateau largely in Kentucky and Tennessee, a part of the Appalachian Mountains: highest point, ab. 4000 ft. (1220 m). Also called Cumberland Plateau. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cumberland Mountains — Cum′berland Moun′tains n. pl. geg a plateau largely in Kentucky and Tennessee, a part of the Appalachian Mountains: highest point, ab. 4000 ft. (1220 m). Also called Cum′berland Plateau′ …   From formal English to slang

  • Save Our Cumberland Mountains — Save Our Cumberland Mountains, or SOCM, is a Tennessee activist group best known for their opposition to strip mining. They were founded in 1972 to oppose what they said were unfair imbalances in property taxes, described by a group of Vanderbilt …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Gap National Historical Park — IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape) Fog forming over the gap …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Plateau — or Cumberland Mountains 〚after William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland: see CUMBERLAND (the river)〛 division of the W Appalachians, extending from S W.Va. to N Ala. * * * Tableland in the U.S. that forms the western section of the Appal …   Universalium

  • Cumberland (disambiguation) — Cumberland is one of the historic counties of England. Cumberland may also refer to: Contents 1 Places 2 Other geographical features 3 …   Wikipedia

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